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Party, 1) part, side, cause, interest: “till she had kindled France and all the world upon the right and p. of her son,” John I, 34. “whose p. do the townsmen yet admit?” II, 361. “to brag and stamp and swear upon my p.” III, 1, 123. “your southern gentlemen in arms upon his p.” R2 III, 2, 203 (Ff faction). “which on thy royal p. granted once,” III, 3, 115. “maintain the p. of the truth,” H6A II, 4, 32. “will I upon thy p. wear this rose,” H6A II, 4, 32 “to find you forward upon his p.” R3 III, 2, 47. “they came from Buckingham upon his p.” IV, 4, 528. “factionary on the p. of your general,” Cor. V, 2, 30. “have you nothing said upon his p. 'gainst the Duke of Albany?” Lr. II, 1, 28.
2) one of two litigants: “thy adverse p. is thy advocate,” Sonn. 35, 10. “when the --es were met,” As V, 4, 104. “in witness whereof the --s,” Troil. III, 2, 61. “hearing a matter between p. and p.” Cor. II, 1, 82. “calling both the --es knaves,” Cor. II, 1, 82
3) one concerned or interested in any affair; with in: “I must be a p. in this alteration,” Wint. I, 2, 383. “are you a p. in this business?” IV, 4, 843. “I do suspect this trash to be a p. in this injury,” Oth. V, 1, 86. With to: “not a p. to the anger of the king,” Wint. II, 2, 61. Absol.: “where neither p. is nor true nor kind,” Compl. 186. “canst thou bring me to the p.?” Tp. III, 2, 67. “from the two --es,” Wiv. IV, 5, 107. “the --es themselves, the actors,” LLL V, 2, 500. “the p. is gone, she is gone,” LLL V, 2, 500 “the p. 'gainst the which he doth contrive,” Merch. IV, 1, 352. “the p. tried the daughter of a king,” Wint. III, 2, 2. “bring forth the --es of suspicion,” Rom. V, 3, 222. “the love of the --es,” Ant. II, 6, 127.
Hence == person in general: “and the three p. is mine host,” Wiv. I, 1, 142 (Evans' speech). “the p. writing,” LLL IV, 2, 138. “tax any private p.” As II, 7, 71. “the p. that owed it,” H4B I, 2, 4. “the people of Rome, for whom we stand a special p.” Tit. I, 21. “your p. in converse,” Hml. II, 1, 42. “I would not be the p. that should desire you to touch him,” Ant. V, 2, 246. “though it be allowed in meaner --es,” Cymb. II, 3, 121.
4) an association or confederacy formed in a community against others of a contrary opinion: “then both --es nobly are subdued, and neither p. loser,” H4B IV, 2, 90. H4B IV, 2, 90 “to fight on Edward's p.” R3 I, 3, 138. IV, 4, 190. “making --es strong,” Cor. I, 1, 198. “lest --es break out,” III, 1, 315. “win the noble Brutus to our p.” Caes. I, 3, 141. “what p. I do follow,” Lr. IV, 5, 40.
5) one of two powers at war with each other; preceded by on: “three knights upon our p. slain,” H4A V, 5, 6. “which they upon the adverse p. want,” R3 V, 3, 13 (Ff faction). “there's not the meanest spirit on our p.” Troil. II, 2, 156. “and he upon my p.” Cor. I, 1, 238.
6) armed force, army: “our p. may well meet a prouder foe,” John V, 1, 79. “to fright our p.” H4B I, 1, 67. “from his metal was his p. steeled,” H4B I, 1, 67 “the English army, that divided was into two --es,” H6A V, 2, 12 (some M. Edd. parts, as indeed the metre requires). “I saw our p. to their trenches driven,” Cor. I, 6, 12. “'tis fit you make strong p.” III, 2, 94. “seek him out upon the British p.” Lr. IV, 6, 256. “to the king's p. there's no going,” Cymb. IV, 4, 9.
7) ally, confederate: “in himself too mighty, and in his --es, his alliance,” Wint. II, 3, 21. “these promises are fair, the --es sure,” H4A III, 1, 1. “wherein you wished us --es,” Cor. V, 6, 14. “which approved him an intelligent p. to the advantages of France,” Lr. III, 5, 12.
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