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ADJECTIVES signifying effect used to signify cause

Adjectives signifying effect were often used to signify the cause. This is a difference of thought. We still say "pale death," "gaunt famine," where the personification is obvious; but we do not say--

“Oppress'd with two weak evils, age and hunger.

“Like as a sort of hungry dogs ymet
Doe fall together, stryving each to get
The greatest portion of the greedie pray.” SPENS. F. Q. vi. 11. 17.

“And barren rage of death's eternal cold.

Nor should we say of the Caduceus-- “His sleepy yerde in hond he bare upright.” CHAUC. C. T. 1390.

Compare also

“Sixth part of each!
A trembling contribution!

Here "trembling" is used for "fear-inspiring."

So other Elizabethan authors (Walker): "idle agues," "rotten showers," "barren curses."

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