VERBS, AUXILIARY. Do omitted and insertedDo, Did, omitted and inserted. In modern English prose there is now an established rule for the insertion and omission of do and did. They are inserted in negative and interrogative sentences, for the purpose of including the "not" or the subject of the interrogation between the two parts of the verb, so as to avoid ambiguity. Thus: "Do our subjects revolt?" "Do not forbid him." They are not inserted except for the purpose of unusual emphasis in indicative sentences such as "I remember." In Elizabethan English no such rule had yet been established, and we find--
“Forbid him not.” Mark ix. 39. E. V. On the other hand--
“Revolt our subjects?
This licence of omission sometimes adds much to the beauty and vigour of expression.
“I do remember.
is far more natural and vigorous than
“Gives not the hawthorn-bush a sweeter shade?
Does not the hawthorn-bush give sweeter shade?