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VERBS, MOODS OF:-- INDICATIVE: future for subjunctive and infinitive

Future for Subjunctive and Infinitive. The future is often used where we should use the infinitive or subjunctive.

A comparison of Wickliffe with the versions of the sixteenth century would show that in many cases the Early English subjunctive had been replaced by the Elizabethan "shall."

“And I will sing that they shall hear I am not afraid.

“That you shall surely find him
Lead to the Sagittary the raised search.

“That thou shalt see the difference of our spirits,
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it.

“Therefore in fierce tempest is he coming
That, if requiring fail, he will compel.

Here, however (283), "so" may be omitted before "that," i.e. "so that he purposes compulsion if fair means fail."

“Reason with the fellow,
Lest you shall chance to whip your information.

“If thou refuse and wilt encounter with my wrath.

“The constable desires thee thou wilt mind
Thy followers of repentance.

“Will you permit that I shall stand condemn'd?

So with "for" used for "because" (117) in the sense of "in order that."

“And, for the time shall not seem tedious,
I'll tell thee what befel me.

As in Latin, the future is sometimes correctly and logically used with reference to future occurrences; but we find it side by side with the incorrect and modern idiom.

“Farewell till we shall meet again.

“He that outlives this day and comes safe home,
He that shall live this day and see old age.

“All France will be replete with mirth and joy,
When they shall hear how we have play'd the men.

“When they shall know.

“If you shall see Cordelia.

“Till your strong hand shall help to give him strength.

The future seems used (perhaps with reference to the original meaning of "shall") to signify necessary and habitual recurrence in

“Good Lord, what madness rules in brain-sick men
When for so slight and frivolous a cause
Such factious emulations shall arise.


“Men shall deal unadvisedly sometimes.

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