VERBS, MOODS OF:-- SUBJUNCTIVE: in a subordinate sentenceSubjunctive in a subordinate sentence. The subjunctive is often used with or without "that," to denote a purpose (see above, That). But it is also used after "that," "who," &c. in dependent sentences where no purpose is implied, but only futurity.1
No "purpose" can be said to be implied in "please," in the following:--
“Be it of less expect
That matter needless of importless burden
Divide thy lips.
“May it please you, madam,
That he bid Helen come to you.
“Yet were it true
To say this boy were like me.
“Thou for whom Jove would swear
Juno but an Æthiop were.
“Would you not swear that she were a maid?
In the last four passages the second verb is perhaps attracted to the mood of the first.
“One would think his mother's milk were scarce out of him.
“Proteus. But she is dead.
Silv. Say that she be: yet, &c.
“With no show of fear,
No, with no more than if we heard that England
Were busied with a Whitsun Morris-dance.
“I pray (hope) his absence proceed by swallowing that.
“If it be proved against an alien
That by direct or indirect attempt
He seek the life of any citizen.
where, however, "that" may be the relative, and "execute" an imperative. I know of no other instance in Shakespeare but the following, where the subjunctive is used after "that" used for "so that," of a fact:
“One thing more rests that thyself execute.
The metre evidently may have suggested this licence: or -es or -d may have easily dropped out of "wishes" or "wish'd." The subjunctive is used where we should use the future in
“Through the velvet leaves the wind
All unseen can passage find,
That the lover sick to death
Wish himself the heaven's breath.
"Think" seems used subjunctively, and "that" as a conjunction in
“I doubt not you (will) sustain what you're worthy of by your
The "that" is sometimes omitted: “It is impossible they bear it out.” Ib. ii. 1. 19. Here "bear" is probably the subjunctive. The subjunctive is by no means always used in such sentences. We may contrast
“And heaven defend (prevent) your good souls that you
I will your serious and great business scant
For (because) she is with me.
“No matter then who see it.
“I care not who know it.
“I care not who knows so much.