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PARTICIPLES AND VERBALS: Participles adjective instead of participle

Instead of the Participle an Adjective is sometimes found.

“I would not seek an absent argument
Of my revenge, thou present.

“And (she), her attendants absent, swallowed fire.

“Joy absent, grief is present for that time.

Sometimes the adjective depends on an implied pronoun:

“Thy word is current with him for my death,
But dead, thy kingdom cannot buy my breath.

i.e. "the breath of me when dead."

"It is an obvious conjecture from this use of "absent," "present," "dead," that their quasi-participial terminations favoured this participial use. But add

A prosperous south-wind friendly, we have cross'd.

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