previous next


SUFFIXES. -ly; -ment; -ness; -y

-Ly found with a noun, and yet not appearing to convey an adjectival meaning. "Anger-ly," Macb. iii. 5. 1; T. G. of V. i. 2. 62. Compare "wonder-ly" in the Morte d'Arthur, and "cheer-ly," Tempest, i. 1. 6. This is common in E. E.

The -ly represents "like," of which it is a corruption. Compare:

“Villain-like he lies.

So "masterly," adv., W. T. v. 3. 65; Othello, i. 1. 26; "hungerly," adv., ib. iii. 4. 105; "exteriorly," adv., K. J. iv. 2. 257; "silverly," adv., ib. v. 2. 46. "Fellowly," Temp. v. 1. 64, and "traitorly," W. T. iv. 4. 822, are used as adjectives. Perhaps a vowel is to be supplied in sound, though omitted, in "unwield(i)ly," Rich. II. iv. 1. 205; "need(i)ly," R. and J. iii. 2. 117; and they may be derived from "unwieldy" and "needy." Add "orderly," Rich. II. i. 3. 9; "manly," Macbeth, iv. 3. 235.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: