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ADVERBS Much; never; none; not

None seems to be the emphatic form of "no," like "mine" of "my" in the modern idiom:

“Satisfaction (there) can be none but by pangs of death.

For we could not say "there can be none satisfaction." This emphatic use of the pronoun at the end of a sentence is found very early. None seems loosely used for "not at all," like "nothing" (55), "no-whit," i.e. "not." And this may, perhaps, explain:

None a stranger there
So merry and so gamesome.

Here either none means "not," "ne'er," or a comma must be placed after none: "none, being a stranger," which is a very harsh construction.

The adverbial use of "none" may be traced to Early English and Anglo-Saxon. Under the form "nan," i.e. "ne-an" (compare German "nein"), we find "nan more," and also "none longer," "whether he wolde or noon" (CHAUCER, Mätzner). "Nan" was used as an adverbial accusative for "by no means" even in A.-S. (Mätzner, iii. 131.) In Rich. II. v. 2. 99, "He shall be none," the meaning is, "he shall not be one of their number." "None" is still used by us for "nothing," followed by a partitive genitive, "I had none of it;" and this explains the Elizabethan phrase

“She will none of me.

i.e. "She desires to have (321) nothing from, as regards to do with, me." So

“You can say none of this.

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