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ADVERBS Presently; round; severally; since

Since (A.-S. sith == "time," also adv.1 "late," "later;" "sith-than" == "after that") adverbially for "ago."

“I told your lordship a year since.

This must be explained by an ellipsis: “I told your lordship (it is) a year since (I told you).”

Compare a transitional use of "since" between an adverb and conjunction in "Waverley; or, 'tis Sixty Years since." Omit "'tis," and since becomes an adverb.

So since is used for "since then," like our "ever since" in

“And since, methinks, I would not (do not wish to) grow so

Since, when used adverbially as well as conjunctionally, frequently takes the verb in the simple past where we use the complete present:

“I did not see him since.

This is in accordance with an original meaning of the word, "later," ("sith.") We should still say, "I never saw him after that;" and since has the meaning of "after."

We also find the present after "since," to denote an action that is and has been going on since a certain time. (So in Latin with "jampridem.")

“My desires e'er since pursue me.

See Conjunctions, 132.

1 Sith for sither, like "mo" for "mo-er." (See 17.)

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