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And if. Latterly the subjunctive, falling into disuse, was felt to be too weak unaided to express the hypothesis; and the same tendency which introduced "more better," "most unkindest," &c., superseded and by and if, an if, and if. There is nothing remarkable in the change of and into an. And, even in its ordinary sense, is often written an in Early English. (See Halliwell.)

And or an is generally found before a personal pronoun, or "if," or "though;" rarely thus:

“And1 should the empress know.

In the Elizabethan times the indicative is often used for the subjunctive.

The following is a curious passage:-- “O. Will it please you to enter the house, gentlemen?
D. And your favour, lady.” B. J. Sil. Wom. iii. 2. med. Apparently, "And your favour (be with us)," i.e. "if you please."

1 So Folio.

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