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CONJUNCTIONS. But in Early English

But is almost always used in Layamon for "unless" or "without" (prep.), or "without" (adv.) in the sense of "outside." Thus (i. 159): "that a queen should be king in this land and their sons be buten," (l. t. boute), i.e. "without (the land)." So (i. 215) "buten laeve," i.e. "without leave." It occurs adversatively in (i. 353) a passage which illustrates the transition, "If thou wilt receive his reconciliation, it will be well; but, he will never deliver Evelin to thee." Here but is the preposition "without," used adverbially as "otherwise."

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