CONJUNCTIONS. But taking the place of the subjectBut (in phrases like "there is no man but hates me," where a subject immediately precedes but) often expels the subject from the following relative clause. This perhaps arose in part from a reluctance to repeat a subject which was already emphatically expressed. See 244. For the same reason the relative is omitted in such expressions as
In such cases we still sometimes omit the subject, but perhaps not often where but is separated from the preceding subject, as in
“There is no creature loves me.
On the other hand, this omission is not found in the earliest stages of the language (Mätzner, iii. p. 469), and thus we find the subject frequently retained in Shakespeare:
“There is no vice so simple but assumes
Some mark of virtue in its outward parts.
“I found no man but he was true to me.
Less frequently but expels the object in the relative clause:
“There's ne'er a villain dwelling in all Denmark
But he's an arrant knave.
“No jocund health that Denmark drinks to-day
But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell.