previous next

CONJUNCTIONS. So == "provided that;" so with the optative

So is used with the future and the subjunctive to denote "provided that."

“I am content so thou wilt have it so.

“So it be new, there's no respect how vile.

So seems to mean "in this way," "on these terms," and the full construction is "be it (if it be) so that." "Be it" is inserted in

“Be it so (that) she will not.

"That" is inserted in Chaucer, Piers Ploughman, &c. “(Be it) So that ye be not wrath.” CHAUCER, C. T. 7830. means "provided you will not be angry." So

“Poor queen! So that thy state might be no worse
I would my skill were subject to thy curse.

So, thus meaning "on condition that," is sometimes used where the context implies the addition of "even."

Messenger. Should I lie, madam?
Cleopatra. O, I would thou didst
So (even if) half my Egypt were submerged.

Sometimes the subjunctive inflection is neglected and "so as" is used for "so that."

“So as thou livest in peace, die free from strife.

We must distinguish the conditional "so heaven help me" from the optative "so defend thee heaven" (Rich. II. i. 3. 34), where the order of the words indicates that "be it . . . that" cannot be understood. Here so means "on the condition of my speaking the truth," and is not connected with defend. Compare Rich. III. ii. 1. 11, 16. See also 275-283.

That. See Relative.

That omitted before the subjunctive. See 311.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: