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CONJUNCTIONS. And emphatic with participles

And (in old Swedish œan [Wedgewood] is used for "and," "if," and "even") emphatically used for "also," "even," "and that too." We still use "and that" to give emphasis and call attention to an additional circumstance, e.g. "He was condemned, and that unheard." This construction is most common in participial phrases. The "that" is logically unnecessary, and is omitted by Shakespeare.

“Suffer us to famish and their storehouses crammed with grain.

“And shall the figure of God's majesty
Be judged by subject and inferior breath,
And he himself not present?

“When I have most need to employ a friend,
And most assured that he is a friend,
Deep, hollow, treacherous, and full of guile
Be he unto me.

In the last two passages an ellipsis of "be" or "to be" might be understood, but scarcely in the following:

“So may he ever do and ever flourish
When I shall dwell with worms, and my poor name
Banish'd the kingdom.

“The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them to the soul with hoops of steel.” Hamlet. i. 3. 62. Compare 3 Hen. VI. i. 2. 47; Tr. and Cr. i. 3. 51.

So perhaps Hamlet, iii. 3. 62; T. N. i. 1. 38; and in the following irregular sentence:

“But a man that were to sleep your sleep, and a hangman to help
him to bed, I think he (redundant pronoun: see 243) would change
places with his officer.

i.e. "and that too a hangman being ready to help him to bed."

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