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PREPOSITIONS. For == "instead of," "as being"

(I.) For, meaning "in front of," is connected with "instead of," "in the place of," "as being." “Or for the lawrell he may gain a scorne.” B. J. on Shakespeare i.e. "instead of the laurel."

“See what now thou art,
For happy wife, a most distressed widow,
For joyful mother, one that wails the name,
For queen, a very caitiff crown'd with care.

“Thyself a queen, for me that was a queen.” Ib. i. 3. 202. Between this and the following meanings we may place

“Learn now, for all.

“This is for all.

i.e. "once instead of, or in the place of, all."

“I abjure
The taints and blames I laid upon myself
For (as being) strangers to my nature.

“Conscience . . . is turned out of all towns and cities for a
dangerous thing.

“How often have I sat crown'd with fresh flowers
For summer's queen!” B. and F. Fair Sh. i. 1.

Hence for is nearly redundant in

“Let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound.

There is a play on the word in

“On went he for a search, and away went I for (packed up in a
basket and treated like) old clothes.

“Three dukes of Somerset three-fold renown'd
For hardy and undoubted champions.

(Where probably hardy means Fr. hardi, "bold;" and "undoubted" means "not frightened," "doubt" like "fear" being used for "frighten.")

Perhaps for comes under this head in

“What is he for a fool that betroths himself to unquietness.

i.e. "What is he, as being a fool." It is more intelligible when the order is changed: "For a fool, what is he," i.e. "considered as a fool--it being granted that he is a fool--what kind of fool is he?"

So “What is he for a vicar?” B. J. Sil. Wom. iii. 1. med. So in German "was für ein?"

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