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PREPOSITIONS. In for "during"

In for "during" or "at." In has now almost lost its metaphorical use applied to time. As early as the sixteenth century "In the day of Sabbath" (WICKLIFFE, Acts xiii. 14) was replaced by "on." It is still retained where the proper meaning of "in," "in the limits of," is implied, as with plurals, "Once in ten days" or "for once in my life," or "he does more in one day than others in two." Thus A. V. Gen. viii. 4, "In the seventh month, on the eighteenth day." We also find frequently in the A. V. "In the day of the Lord, in the day when," &c. "in the day of judgment." This may in part be due to a desire to retain the more archaic idiom, as being more solemn and appropriate; but perhaps the local meaning of in may be here recognized. We still say "in this calamity, crisis," &c. where we mean "entangled in, surrounded by the perils of this calamity;" and some such meaning may attach to "in" when we say "In the day of tribulation, vengeance," &c. Occasionally, however, we find "at the day of judgment" (Matt. xi. 22), as also in Shakespeare in the only passage where this phrase occurs. Shakespeare frequently uses in for "at" or "during."

“How! the duke in council
In this time of the night.

“In night.

“In all which time.

“In such a night as this.

“This is, sir, a doubt
In such a time as this, nothing becoming you.

“Nay, we will slink away in supper-time.

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