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PREPOSITIONS. To, radical meaning "motion to;" hence "in addition to"

To1 (see also Verbs, Infin.). Radical meaning motion towards. Hence addition. This meaning is now only retained with verbs implying motion, and only the strong form "too" (comp. of and off) retains independently the meaning of addition. But in Elizabethan authors too is written to, and the prepositional meaning "in addition to" is found, without a verb of motion, and sometimes without any verb. “But he could read and had your languages
And to't as sound a noddle, &c.” B. J. Fox, ii. 1.

“If he . . . to his shape, were heir of all this land.

“And to that dauntless temper of his mind
He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour.

i.e. "in addition to that dauntless temper." To, in this sense, has been supplanted by "beside." Compare also “Nineteen more, to myself.” B. J. E. in &c. iv. 5.

To is used still adverbially in "to and fro," and nautical expressions such as "heave to," "come to." This use explains "Go to," M. of V. ii. 2. 169. "Go" did not in Elizabethan or E. E. necessarily imply motion from, but motion generally. Hence "go to" meant little more than our stimulative "come, come."

1 Comp. πρός throughout.

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