previous next


PRONOUNS, PERSONAL. His, her, your, &c., antecedents of relatives

His, her, &c. being the genitives of he, she (she in E. E. had, as one form of the nom., "heo," gen. "hire"), &c. may stand as the antecedent of a relative. Thus:

“In his way that comes in triumph over Pompey's blood.

i.e. "in the way of him that comes."

“Love make his heart of flint that you shall love.

“Unless her prayers whom heaven delights to hear.

“If you had known . . . her worthiness that gave the ring.

“Armies of pestilence, and they shall strike
Your children yet unborn and unbegot
That lift your vassal hands against my head.

i.e. "the children of you who lift your hands."

“Upon their woes whom fortune captivates.

So Lear, v. 3. 2.

“And turn our impress'd lances in our eyes
Which do command them.

In

“Alas, their love may be call'd appetite,
No motion of the liver, but the palate,
That suffer surfeit, cloyment and revolt,

it seems better to take that as the relative to "them," implied in "their (of them)," rather than to suppose "suffer" to be the subjunctive singular (367), or that to be the relative to "liver" and "palate" by confusion. It is true that is not often so far from its antecedent, but the second line may be treated as parenthetical.

This is perhaps not common in modern poetry, but it sometimes occurs: “Poor is our sacrifice whose eyes
Are lighted from above.” NEWMAN.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: