PRONOUNS, RELATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE. Which more definite than thatWhich more definite than That. Generally it will be found that which is more definite than that. Which follows a name, that a pronoun:
Sometimes which is used in this sense to denote an individual or a defined class, while that denotes a hypothetical person or an indefinite class. Hence
“Here's the Lord Say which sold the towns in France; he that
made us pay one-and-twenty fifteens.
“And such other gambol faculties a' has, that show a weak mind
and an able body, for the which the Prince admits him.
“She that was ever fair and never proud, &c.
She was a wight, if ever such wight were.
“I find that she which late
Was in my nobler thoughts most base, is now
The praised of the king: who (263), so ennobled,
Is as 'twere born so.
Which states a fact, that a probability, in
“It is a chance which does redeem all sorrows
That I have ever felt.
“Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes,
Which art my near'st and dearest enemy?
Thou that art like enough.
We must explain "all the heads that may happen to look too lofty, and the weeds which, as a fact, suck the fertility," &c. So that introduces an essential, and which an accidental, or at all events a less essential quality, in the two following passages:--
“Cut off the heads of too fast growing sprays
That look too lofty in our commonwealth:
You thus employ'd, I will go root away
The noisome weeds which, without profit, suck
The soil's fertility from wholesome flowers.
“Now for our Irish wars.
“(Thou) commit'st thy anointed body to the cure
Of those physicians that first wounded thee.
We must supplant those rough, rug-headed kerns,
Which live like venom where no venom else,
But only they, have privilege to live.” Ib. 157. That may state a fact with a notion of purpose:
“Now, sir, the sound that tells (i.e. to tell) what hour it is
Are clamorous groans which strike upon my heart,
Which is the bell.