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PRONOUNS, RELATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE. Which with repeated antecedent

Which with repeated antecedent. Which being an adjective frequently accompanies the repeated antecedent, where definiteness is desired, or where care must be taken to select the right antecedent.

“Salisbury. What other harm have I, good lady, done
But spoke the harm that is by others done?
Constance. Which harm within itself so heinous is--

“And, if she did play false, the fault was hers,
Which fault lies, &c.

; Rich. II. i. 1. 104.

This may sometimes explain why which is used instead of that, and why that is preferred after pronouns: “Let my revenge on her that injured thee
Make less a fault which I intended not.” F. Sh. v. 1.

An antecedent noun ("fault") can be repeated, and therefore can be represented by the relative which; an antecedent pronoun "her" cannot.

Sometimes a noun of similar meaning supplants the antecedent:

“Might'st bespice a cup
To give mine enemy a lasting wink,
Which draught to me were cordial.

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