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RELATIVAL CONSTRUCTIONS. "That--as;" "so . . . (as)"

That as. We now use only such with as, and only that with which. Since, however, such was frequently used with which, naturally that was also used with as (in which way) used for which. Thus as approaches the meaning of a relative pronoun.

“I have not from your eyes that gentleness
As I was wont to have.

“Under these hard conditions as this time
Is like to lay upon us.” Ib. 174.

“Those arts they have as I could put into them.

“Methinks the realms of England, France, and Ireland
Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood
As did the fatal brand Althea burned
Unto the prince's heart at Calydon.

“With that ceremonious affection as you were wont.

So after this:

“I beseech you do me this courteous office as to know what my
offence is.


“With hate in those where I expect most love.

Either (1) the nominative is omitted (see 399), or (2) as is put for who, the relative to an implied antecedent, in:

“Two goodly sons,
And, which was strange, the one so like the other
As could not be distinguish'd but by names.

i.e. (1) "so like that (they) could not be," as being used for that (see 109); or (2) "the one so like the other," &c. is loosely used for "the two so like each other as could not be distinguished."

Similarly as is used as a relative after an antecedent implied, but not expressed, by so with an adjective:

“I cannot but be sad, so heavy-sad
As . . . makes me faint.

i.e. "I feel such sadness as."

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