previous next

RELATIVAL CONSTRUCTIONS. That for "because," "when," &c.

That, for because, when. Since that represents different cases of the relative, it may mean "in that," "for that," "because" ("quod"), "or at which time" ("quum").

In, or for that:

“Unsafe the while that we must lave our honours, &c.

“O, spirit of love! How quick and fresh art thou
That (in that), . . . nought enters there but, &c.

“Like silly beggars
Who sitting in the stocks refuge their shame,
That (because) many have and others must sit there,
And in this thought they find a kind of ease.

At which time; when: “In the day that thou eatest thereof.” Gen. ii. 17.

“Now it is the time of night
That the graves all gaping wide,
Every one lets forth his sprite.

“So wept Duessa until eventyde,
That shynyng lamps in Jove's high course were lit.” SPENS. F. Q. i. 5. 19.

“Is not this the day
That Hermia should give answer of her choice?

“So, till the judgment that yourself arise,
You live in this and dwell in lovers' eyes.

Compare "Then that," apparently "then when." (2 Hen. IV. iv. 1. 117.)

These uses of that are now superseded by the old interrogatives why and when, just as, even in Shakespeare's time, many of the uses of that had been transferred to the interrogatives who and which.

“Albeit I will confess thy father's wealth
Was the first motive that I wooed thee, Anne.

i. e. "for which, or why, I wooed thee."

The use of that for when is still not uncommon, especially in the phrase "now that I know," &c. It is omitted after "now" in

“But now (that) I am return'd, and that war thoughts
Have left their places vacant, in their rooms
Come thronging soft and delicate desires.

So Rich. III. i. 2. 170; M. N. D. iv. 1. 67, 109.

That = "in which" in

“Sweet Hero, now thy image doth appear
In the sweet semblance that I loved it first.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: