RELATIVAL CONSTRUCTIONS. That, a conjunctional affixThat as a conjunctional affix. Just as so and as are affixed to who (whoso), when (whenso), where (whereas, whereso), in order to give a relative meaning to words that were originally interrogative, in the same way that was frequently affixed.1
; T. N. v. 1. 398.
“When that the poor have cried.
So A. Y. L. ii. 7. 75; iv. 3. 117. This, with the above, explains
“You may imagine him upon Blackheath,
Where that his lords desire him to have borne
His bruised helmet and his bended sword
Before him through the city.
Gradually, as the interrogatives were recognized as relatives, the force of that, so, as, in "when that," "when so," "when as," seems to have tended to make the relative more general and indefinite; "who so" being now nearly (and once quite) as indefinite as "whosoever." The "ever" was added when the "so" had begun to lose its force. In this sense, by analogy, that was attached to other words, such as "if," "though," "why," &c.
“Edmund. When by no means he could.
Gloucester. Pursue him, ho! go after. By no means what?
Edmund. Persuade me to the murder of your lordship,
But that I told him, &c.
“If that the youth of my new interest here
Have power to bid you welcome.
; T. N. i. 5. 324, v. 1. 375. So Lear, v. 3. 262; Rich. III. ii. 2. 7. The fuller form is found, CHAUC. Pard. Tale, 375: "If so were that I might;" and Lodge writes, "If so I mourn." Similarly,
“If that rebellion
Came like itself, in base and abject routs.
“If so be thou darest.
; Lear, iv. 6. 219; T. N. i. 3. 48.
; T. N. iii. 4. 384.
"So as that," frequently found.
; Rich. III. v. 3. 202. "How that" is also frequent. We also find that frequently affixed to prepositions for the purpose of giving them a conjunctival meaning: "For that" (Macb. iv. 3. 185); "in that;" "after that," &c. The Folio has
The Globe omits the full stop after "face," making "for that" (because) answer to "therefore." Others remove the stop after "privilege" and place it after "for that." Hence we find "but that" where we should certainly omit that
“Your vertue is my priuiledge: for that
It is not night when I doe see your face.
Therefore I thinke I am not in the night.
“The breath no sooner left his father's body
But that his wildness, mortified in him,
Seem'd to die too.