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Reflexive

Verbs Reflexive. The predilection for transitive verbs was perhaps one among other causes why many verbs which are now used intransitively, were used by Shakespeare reflexively. Many of these were derived from the French.

“Advise you.

“Where then, alas! may I complain myself?

“Endeavour thyself to sleep.

“I do repent me.” Ib. v. 3. 52. “Repose you.” Ib. ii. 3. 161.

“He . . . retired himself.

; Coriol. i. 3. 30, which is in accordance with the original meaning of the word.

It has been shown above that "fear" is used transitively for "frighten." Hence, perhaps, as in Greek φοβοῦμαι,

“I fear me.

Appear is perhaps used reflexively in

“No, no; we will hold it as a dream till it appear itself.

“If you could wear a mind
Dark as your fortune is, and but disguise
That which to appear itself must not yet be.

i.e. "that which, as regards showing itself, must not yet have any existence." Though these passages might be perhaps explained without the reflexive use of appear, yet this interpretation is made more probable by

“Your favour is well appear'd.

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