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VARIABLE SYLLABLES. Words shortened by want of emphasis

On the other hand, when the word increases in emphasis, the converse takes place. “And lét | thy blóws, | dóubly | redóub | (eléd.Rich. II. i. 3. 80.Virg. O, héavens, | O, héav | ens.
Coriol. Náy, | I prí | thee, wóman.” Coriol. iv. 1. 12. “Wás it | his spírit | by spír | its táught | to wríte?” Sonn. 86. “And wíth | her pérson | age, hér | tall pér | sonáge.M. N. D. iii. 2. 292.Március | would háve | all fróm | you--Már | ciús,
Whom láte | you have námed | for cónsul.” Coriol. iii. 1. 95. Even at the end of the verse Marcius has but one accent, as a rule. But here it is unusually emphasized. “And whé'r | he rún | or flý | they knów | not whéther.V. and A. 304.King. Be pát | ient, gént | le quéen, | and I' | will stáy.
Queen. Whó can | be pát | iént | in thése | extrémes.” 3 Hen. VI. i. 1. 215-6.Yield, my lórd | protéct | or, yí | eld, Wínch | estér.” 1 Hen. VI. iii. 1. 112.Citizens. Yield, Már | cius, yí | eld.
Men. Hé | ar (480) mé, | one wórd.” Coriol. iii. 1. 215. “A dévil (466), | a bór | n (485) dé | vil, ín | whose náture.” Tempest, iv. 1. 188. So arrange “You héavens (512), |
Gíve me | that pát | ience, pát | iénce | I néed.” Lear, ii. 4. 274. ("Patient" was treated as a trisyllable by the orthoepists of the time.) “Being hád, | to trí | umph bé | ing (on the other hand)
láck'd, | to hópe.” Sonn. 52. Similarly “Which árt | my néar'st | and déar | est én | emý.” 1 Hen. IV. iii. 2. 123.

On the other hand, perhaps, "sire," and not "cówards," is a dissyllable in “Cowards fá | ther cówards, | and báse | things sí | re base.” Cymb. iv. 2. 26. So, perhaps, “Pánting | he líes | and bréath | eth ín | her fáce.” V. and A. 62. Here "lies" is unemphatic, "breatheth" emphatic.

For diphthongic monosyllables see 484.

The same variation is found in modern poetry. In the following line there is, as it were, an antithetical proportion in which the two middle terms are emphatic, while the extremes are unemphatic: “Tówer be | yond tów | er, spí | re bé | yond spíre.TENNYSON.

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