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Personification analysed.--Though we cannot expand a Personification into a simile, we can explain the details of it. The same analogy which leads men to find a correspondence between visible and invisible objects leads them also to find a similarity between cause and effect. This belief, which is embodied in the line--
Who drives fat oxen should himself be fat,
is the basis of all Personification. Since fear makes men look pale, and dishonour gives a dark and scowling expression to the face, it is inferred that Fear is "pale," and Dishonour "dark." And in the same way Famine is "gaunt;" Jealousy "green-eyed;" Faith "pure-eyed;" Hope "white-handed."

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