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A Catalog of the kings and princes of this Iland.

A Catalog of the kings and princes of this Iland, first from Samothes vnto the birth of our sauiour Christ, or rather the comming of the Romans: secondlie of their Legates: thirdlie of the Saxon princes according to their seuerall kingdomes: fourthlie of the Danes, and lastlie of the Normans and English princes, according to the truth conteined in our Histories.



Of the Kings of Britaine, from Samothes to Brute.

  • Samothes.
  • Magus.
  • Sarronius.
  • Druiyus.
  • Bardus.
  • Longho.
  • Bardus Iunior.
  • Lucus.
  • Celtes.
  • Albion.

    Celtes after Albion slaine.

  • Galates.
  • Harbon.
  • Lugdus.
  • Beligius.
  • Iasius.
  • Allobrox.
  • Romus.
  • Paris.
  • Lemanus.
  • Olbius.
  • Galates.
  • Nannes.
  • Remis.
  • Francus.
  • Pictus.

After whom Brute entreth into the Iland, either neglected by the Celts, or otherwise by conquest, and reigned therein with his posteritie by the space of 636. yeares, in such order as foloweth.

  • Brute.
  • Locrinus.
  • Gwendolena his widow.
  • Madan.
  • Mempricius.
  • Ebracus.
  • Brutus Iunior.
  • Leil.
  • Rudibras.
  • Bladunus.
  • Leir.
  • Cordeil his daughter.
  • Cunedach and Morgan.
  • Riuallon.
  • Gurgustius.
  • Sisillus.
  • Iago.
  • Kimmachus.
  • Gorbodug.
  • Ferres and Porrex.

These 2. being slaine, the princes of the land straue for the superioritie and regiment of the same, by the space of 50. yéeres (after the race of Brute was decaied) vntill Dunwallon king of Cornwall subdued them all, & brought the whole to his subiection, notwithstanding that the aforesaid number of kings remained still, which were but as vassals & inferiours to him, he being their chéefe and onelie souereigne.

  • Dunwallon reigneth.
  • Belinus his sonne, in whose time Brennus vsurpeth.
  • Gurgwinbatrus.
  • Guittellinus.
  • Seisili.
  • Kymarus.
  • Owan aliàs Ellan.
  • Morwich aliàs Morindus.
  • Grandobodian aliàs Gorbonian.
  • Arcigallon.
  • Elidurus aliàs Hesidor.
  • Arcigallon againe.
  • Elidurus againe.
  • Vigen aliàs Higanius, & Petitur aliàs Peridurus.
  • Elidurus the third time.
  • Gorbodia aliàs Gorbonian.
  • Morgan.
  • Meriones aliàs Eighuans.
  • Idouallon.
  • Rhimo Rohugo.
  • Geruntius Voghen.
  • Catellus.
  • Coellus.
  • Pyrrho aliàs Porrex.
  • Cherinus.
  • Fulganius aliàs Sulgenis.
  • Eldadus.
  • Androgius.
  • Vrian.
  • Hellindus.
  • Dedantius Eldagan.
  • Clotenis Claten.
  • Gurguintus.
  • Merian.
  • Bledunus Bledagh.
  • Cophenis.
  • Owinus aliàs Oghwen.
  • Sisillus or Sitsiltus.
  • Blegabridus.
  • Arcimalus Archiuall.
  • Eldadus.
  • Ruthenis thrée moneths.
  • Rodingarus aliàs Rodericus.
  • Samulius Penysell.
  • Pyrrho 2.
  • Carporis aliàs Capporis.
  • Dynellus aliàs Dygnellus.
  • Hellindus a few moneths.
  • Lhoid.
  • Casibellane.
  • Theomantius.
  • Cynobellinus.
  • Aruiragus.
  • Marius.
  • Coelius.
  • Lucius.

Hitherto I haue set foorth the catalog of the kings of Britaine, in such sort as it is to be collected out of the most ancient histories, monuments and records of the land. Now I will set foorth the order and snccession of the Romane legates or deputies, as I haue borowed them first out of Tacitus, then Dion, and others: howbeit I cannot warrant the iust course of them from Iulius Agricola forward, bicause there is no man that reherseth them orderlie. Yet by this my dooing herein, I hope some better table may be framed hereafter by other, wherof I would be glad to vnderstand when soeuer it shall please God that it may come to passe.

  • Aulus Plautius.
  • Ostorius Scapula.
  • Didius Gallus.
  • Auitus.
  • Veranius a few moneths.
  • Petronius Turpilianus.
  • Trebellius Maximus.
  • Vectius Volanus.
  • Petilius Cereails.
  • Iulius Frontinus.
  • Iulius Agricola.
Hitherto Cornelius Tacitus reherseth these vicegerents or deputies in order.

  • Salustius Lucullus.
  • Cneius Trebellius.
  • Suetonius Paulinus.
  • Calphurnius Agricola.
  • Publius Trebellius.
  • Pertinax Helrius.
  • Vlpius Marcellus.
  • Clodius Albinas.
  • Heraclius.
  • Carus Tyrannus.
  • Iunius Senerus, aliàs Iulius Seuerus.
  • Liuius Gallus.
  • Lollius Vrbicus.
  • Maximus.
  • Octauius.
  • Traherus.
  • Maximinianus.
  • Gratianus.
  • Aetius.
Other Legates whose names are taken out of the Scotish historie but in incertein order.

  • Fronto sub Antonino.
  • Publius Trebellius.
  • Aulus Victorinus.
  • Lucius Antinoris.
  • Quintus Bassianus.

WALES.

¶ The Romans not regarding the gouernance of this Iland, the Britons ordeine a king in the 447. after the incarnation of Christ.
  • Vortiger.
  • Vortimer.
  • Aurelius Ambrosius.
  • Vther.
  • Arthur.
  • Constantine.
  • Aurelius Conanus.
  • Vortiporius.
  • Maglocunus.
  • Caretius.
  • Cadwan.
  • Cadwallon.
  • Cadwallader.

¶ The kingdome of Wales ceaseth, and the gouernance of the countrie is translated to the Westsaxons by Inas, whose second wife was Denwalline the daughter of Cadwallader: & with hir he not onlie obteined the principalitie of Wales but also of Corinwall & Armorica now called little Britaine, which then was a colonie of the Britons, and vnder the kingdome of Wales.


KENT.

¶ Hengist in the 9. of the recouerie of Britaine proclaimeth himselfe king of Kent, which is the 456. of the birth of our Lord & sauior Jesus Christ.
  • Hengist.
  • Osrijc aliàs Osca.
  • Osca his brother.
  • Ermenricus.
  • Athelbert.
  • Eadbaldus.
  • Ercombert.
  • Ecbert.
  • Lother.
  • Edrijc.
  • The seat void.
  • Withredus.
  • Adelbert Iunior.
  • Eadbert.
  • Alrijc.
  • Eadbert.
  • Guthred.
  • Alred.

¶ As the kingdome of Wales was vnited vnto that of the Westsaxons by Inas, so is the kingdom of Kent, at this present by Ecbert in the 827. of Christ, who putteth out Aldred and maketh Adelstane his owne base sonne Hertoch of the same, so that whereas it was before a kingdome, now it becometh an Hertochie or Dukedome, and so continueth for a long time after.


SOUTHSEX.

¶ Ella in the 46. after Britaine giuen ouer by the Romanes erecteth a kingdom in Southsex, to wit, in the 402. of Christ whose race succeedeth in this order.
  • Ella.
  • Cyssa.
  • Ceaulijn.
  • Celrijc.
  • Kilwulf.
  • Kinigils.
  • Kinwalch.
  • Ethelwold.
  • Berthun.
  • Aldwijn.

¶ This kingdome endured not veris long as ye may sée, for it was vnited to that of the Westsaxons by Inas, in the 4689. of the world, which was the 723. of Christ, according to the vsuall supputation of the church, and 232. after Ella had erected the same, as is aforesaid.


ESTSEX.

¶ Erkenwijn in the 527. after our sauiour Christ beginneth to reigne ouer Estsex, and in the 81. after the returne of Britaine from the Romaine obedience.
  • Erkenwijn.
  • Sledda.
  • Sebertus.
  • Sepredus and Sywardus.
  • Sigebert fil. Syward.
  • Sigebert.
  • Swithelijn.
  • Sijgar and Sebba.
  • Sebba alone.
  • Sijgard.
  • Offa.
  • Selredus.
  • Ethelwold.
  • Albert.
  • Humbcanna.
  • Sinthredus.

¶ In the 303. after Erkenwijn, Ecbert of the Westsaxons vnited the kingdome of Estsex vnto his owne, which was in the 828. after the birth of our saniour Christ. I cannot as yet find the exact yéeres of the later princes of this realme, and therefore I am constrained to omit them altogither, as I haue done before in the kings of the Britons, vntill such time as I may come by such monuments as may restore the defect.


WESTSEX.

¶ Cerdijc entreth the kingdome of the Westsaxous, in the 519. of the birth of Christ, & 73. of the abiection of the Romaine seruitude.
  • Cerdijc aliàs Cercit.
  • Cenrijc.
  • Ceaulijn.
  • Kilriic aliàs Celrijc.
  • Kilwulf.
  • Kinigils.
  • Ceuwalch.
  • Sexburgh.
  • The seat void.
  • Centwinus.
  • Cadwallader.
  • Inas.
  • Ethelard.
  • Cuthreadus.
  • Sigebert.
  • Kinwulf.
  • Brithrijc.
  • Ecbert.
  • Ethelwulf.
  • Ethebald.
  • Ethelbert.
  • Ethelfrid.
  • Alfrid.
  • Edward 1.
  • Adelstane.
  • Edmund.
  • Eadred.
  • Edwijn.
  • Edgar.
  • Edward 2.
  • Eldred.
  • Edmund 2.
  • Canutus.
  • Harald.
  • Canutus 2.
  • Edward 3.
  • Harald 2.

¶ The Saxons hauing reigned hitherto in this land, and brought the same into a perfect monarchie, are now dispossessed by the normans, & put out of their hold.


BERNICIA.

¶ Ida erecteth a kingdome in the North, which he extended from the Humber mouth to S. Johns towne in Scotland, & called it of the Northumbers. This was in the 547. after the birth of our sauiour Christ.
  • Ida.
  • Adda.
  • Glappa.
  • Tidwaldus.
  • Fretwulfus.
  • Tidrijc.
  • Athelfrid.
  • Edwijn.
  • Kinfrid.
  • Oswald.
  • Oswy.
  • Egfrid.
  • Alfrid.
  • Osred.
  • Kinred.
  • Osrijc.
  • Kilwulf.
  • Edbert.
  • Offulse.
  • Ethelwold.
  • Elred.
  • Ethelred.
  • Alswold.
  • Osred.
  • Ethelred.
  • Osbald.
  • Eardulf.
  • Aldeswold.
  • Eandred.
  • Edelred.
  • Redwulf.
  • Edelred againe.
  • Osbright.
  • Ecbert.
  • Ricisiuus a Dane.
  • Ecbert againe.

¶ Alftide king of the Westsaxons subdueth this kingdome in the 878. after our sauiour Christ, and 33. after Ida.


DEIRA.

¶ Ella brother to Adda is ouer the south Humbers, whose kingdome reched from Humber to the These, in the 590. after the incarnation of Jesus Christ our sauiour.
  • Ella.
  • Edwijn.
  • Athelbright.
  • Edwijn againe.
  • Osrijc.
  • Oswald.
  • Oswijn.

¶ Of all the kingdomes of the Saxons, this of Deira which grew by the diuision of the kingdome of the Northumbers betwéene the sons of Ida was of the smallest continuance, & it was vnited to the Northumbers (wherof it had bene I saie in time past a member) by Oswijn in the 91. after Ella, when he had most traitorouslie slaine his brother Oswijn in the yéer of the world, 4618. (or 651. after the comming of Christ) and conteined that countrie which we now call the bishoprike.


ESTANGLIA.

¶ Offa or Vffa erecteth a kingdome ouer the Estangles or Offlings in the 561. after the natiuitie of Christ, and 114. after the deliuerie of Britaine.
  • Offa.
  • Titellius.
  • Redwaldus.
  • Corpenwaldus.
  • The seat void.
  • Sigebert.
  • Egricus.
  • Anna.
  • Adeler.
  • Ethelwold.
  • Adwulf.
  • Beorne.
  • Ethelred.
  • Ethelbert.

¶ Offa of Mercia killeth Ethelbert, and vniteth Estanglia vnto his owne kingdome, in the 793. of Christ, after it had continued in the posteritie of Offa, by the space of 228. yéers and yet of that short space, it enioyed onelie 35. in libertie, the rest being vnder the tribute of the king of Mercia aforesaid.


MERCIA.

¶ Creodda beginneth his kingdome of Mercia, in the 585. of our sauiour Christ, and 138. after the capituitie of Britaine ended.
  • Creodda.
  • Wibba.
  • Cherlus.
  • Penda.
  • Oswy.
  • Weada.
  • Wulferus.
  • Ethelred.
  • Kinred or Kindred.
  • The seat void.
  • Kilred.
  • Ethebald.
  • Beorred.
  • Offa.
  • Egferth.
  • Kinwulf.
  • Kenelme.
  • Kilwnlf.
  • Bernulf.
  • Ludicane.
  • Willaf.
  • Ecbert.
  • Willaf againe.
  • Bertulf.
  • Butred.
  • Kilwulf.

¶ Alfride vniteth the kingdome of Mercia, to that of the Westsaxons, in the 291. after Creodda, before Alfred the Dane had gotten hold thereof, and placed one Cleolulphus therein, but he was soone expelled, and the kingdome ioyned to the other afore rehearsed.

    * The Succession of the kings of England from WILLIAM bustard, unto the first of Queene ELIZABETH.

  • William the first.
  • William his sonne.
  • Henrie 1.
  • Stephen.
  • Henrie 2.
  • Richard 1.
  • Iohn.
  • Henrie 3.
  • Edward 1. aliàs 4.
  • Edward 2.
  • Edward 3.
  • Richard 2.
  • Henrie 4.
  • Henrie 5.
  • Henrie 6.
  • Edward 5. aliàs 7.
  • Edward 5.
  • Richard 3.
  • Henrie 7.
  • Henrie 8.
  • Edward 6.
  • Marie his sister.
  • Elizabeth.

¶ Thus haue I brought the Catalog of the Princes of Britaine vnto an end, & that in more plaine and certeine order than hath béene done hertofore by anie. For though in their regions since the conquest few men haue erred that haue vsed any diligence, yet in the times before the same, fewer haue gone any thing néere the truth, through great ouersight & negligence. Their seuerall yéeres also doo appéere in my Chronologie insuing.

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