Of king Helie who gaue the name to the Ile of Elie, of king Lud, and what memorable edifices he made, London sometimes called Luds towne, his bountifulnes, and buriall.
The Ninth Chapter.
HERE note by the waie a thing not to be forgotten, that of the foresaid Helie the last of the said 33 kings, the Ile of Elie tooke the name, bicause that he most commonlie did there
Whereof the Ile of Elie tooke name
inhabit, building in the same a goodly palace, and making great reparations of the sluces, ditches & causies about that Ile, for conueiance awaie of the water, that els would sore haue indamaged the countrie. There be that haue mainteined, that this Ile should rather take name of the great abundance of éeles that are found in these waters and fennes wherwith this Ile is inuironed. But Humfrey Llhoyd holdeth that it tooke name of this British word Helig, which signifieth willowes, wherwith those fennes abound.
AFTER the decesse of the same Helie, his eldest son Lud began his reigne, in the yéere
after the creation of the world 3895, after the building of the citie of Rome 679, before the comming, of Christ 72, and before the Romanes entred Britaine 19 yéeres. This Lud
A worthie prince.
proued a right worthie prince, amending the lawes of the realme that were defectiue, abolishing euill customs and maners vsed amongst his people, and repairing old cities and townes which were decaied: but speciallie he delited most to beautifie and inlarge with buildings the citie of Troinouant, which he compassed with a strong wall made of lime and stone, in the
London inclosed with a wal.
best maner fortified with diuerse faire towers: and in the west part of the same wall he
erected a strong gate, which he commanded to be called after his name, Luds gate, and so vnto this dale it is called Ludgate, (S) onelie drowned in pronuntiation of the word
In the same citie also he soiorned for the more part, by reason whereof the inhabitants increased,
Fabian. Gal. Mon. Matt. West.
and manie habitations were builded to receiue them, and he himselfe caused buildings to be made betwixt London stone and Ludgate, and builded for himselfe not farre from the said gate a faire palace, which is the bishop of Londons palace beside Paules at this daie,
The bishops palace.
as some thinke; yet Harison supposeth it to haue bin Bainards castell, where the blacke friers now standeth. He also builded a fairer temple néere to his said palace, which temple (as some take it) was after turned to a church, and at this daie called Paules. By reason that king Lud so much esteemed that citie before all other of his realme, inlarging it so greatlie as he did,
The name of Troinouant changed and called London.
and continuallie in manner remained there, the name was changed, so that it was called Caerlud, that is to saie, Luds towne: and after by corruption of spéech it was named London.
Beside the princelie dooings of this Lud touching the aduancement of the common wealth by studies apperteining to the time of peace, he was also strong & valiant in armes, in subduing his enimies, bountious and liberall both in gifts and kéeping a plentifull house, so that he was greatlie beloued of all the Britaines. Finallie, when he had reigned with great honour for the space of 11 yéeres, he died, and was buried néere Ludgate, leauing after h m two sons, Androgeus and Theomancius or Tenancius.