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AFTER the deceasse of this Edgar, succéeded his brother Alexander the fierce, so called for his rigorous valiancie in pursuing of théeues and robbers. In the beginning of his reigne, the inhabitants of Murrey land and Rosse, beholding him to be most an end in the church at his praiers, and diuine seruice, after the maner of his parents, supposed he would prooue no great quicke iusticier in punishing offendors, and therevpon most presumptuouslie they began to
Théeues of Murrey land and Rosse. The crueltie of théeues. rob and reaue on ech side, not sparing to kill and slea all such as came in their hands, without respect to age or sex; insomuch that the yoong infants smiling vpon the murtherers, being about to execute their detestable crueltie, passed by the swoord as well as the resisters: such rooted malice remained in their beastlie harts, which vpon renewing their old grudges they now accordinglie shewed. King Alexander therefore aduertised heereof, came into those parts with a competent armie, and apprehending the chiefe authors and capteins, stroke off their heads. As he returned backe through Mernes, there came a woman vnto him wéeping in Execution. most lamentable sort, who fell vpon hir knees at his féet, beséeching him to pitie hir case, hauing lost both hir husband & sonne, by the tyrannous crueltie of the maister of Mernes, who The earle of Mernes son. for that they had called him before a iudge in an action of debt, had slaine and murthered as well the one as the other. The king mooued with this detestable kind of iniurie, lighted from his horsse, and would not mount vp againe, till he had séene the author of that heinous trespasse hanged vpon a gibbet. After his comming into Gowrie, he tooke in hand to finish and make A righteous iusticier. The castell of Baledgar. vp the castell of Baledgar, the foundation whereof his brother Edgar had begun, that it might be an aid to chastise a sort of théeues and robbers which haunted the woods thereabout, to the great disquietnes of all the countrie. He gaue also to the maintenance of that house certeine lands, which the earle of Gowrie had giuen him at the font stone, when he became his godfather.

Whilest he was thus busie about the furtherance of that woorke, diuerse of those théeues that were accustomed to liue by robberies in those parts, perceiuing that this castell, which the king was about to build, should turne vnto their destruction, they conspired his death, and Treason of conspirators to haue slaine the king. winning by rewards and promises the helpe of the kings chamberlaine to the accomplishing of their traitorous and most diuelish practises, they entered one night through a priuie into his lodging, in purpose to haue slaine him as he slept in his bedchamber: but he by Gods prouidence hauing knowledge of their comming, started out of his bed, and caught a swoord which hoong néere at hand, wherewith he slue first his chamberlaine that had brought them in, and then dispatched six of the other traitors (which were alreadie entered his chamber) with singular force and manhood: the other fearing least with the noise, his seruants that lodged within The kings manhood. the house should haue beene raised, and so haue hasted to assaile them on the backs, fled in all haste possible. Neuerthelesse, such pursute was made after them, that manie of them were apprehended, &.vpon their examination, being brought before the king, they declared plainlie how they were incouraged to woorke that treason which they had gone about, by sundrie great barons and gentlemen of the countrie. Finallie, the matter was so handled with them, that they disclosed the names of those that had thus procured them to the treason. Wherevpon the king gathering an armie, he marched foorth to pursue them, but before he came vnto the water of Spaie, the conspirators had gotten togither their power, & were lodged on the further The water of Spaie. side of the same water, to stop him from passing ouer.

The king séeing them thus assembled to impeach his passage, sent his banner-man sir Sir Alexander Carron. The rebels are vanquished. Alexander Carron with a chosen part of his armie to passe the water, and to fight with his enimies, where, by the hardie onset of the said sir Alexander, they were quicklie put to flight, and manie of them that were taken in the chase suffered death, according as they had well deserued. The realme after this execution doone on these offendors, continued manie yéeres after in good tranquillitie. This Alexander Carron also for that he was séene in the kings sight that day to fight most manfullie, in sleaing diuerse of the rebels with a crooked swoord which he had in his hand (of which sort manie were vsed in those dales) he was highlie rewarded at the kings hands, & euer after named Skrimgeour, that is to say, An hardie fighter. Skrimgeour. He had also his armes increased with a rampant lion holding a crooked swoord, as is to be séene in the armes of his posteritie vnto this day. ¶ Other there be that say he got the surname of Skrimgeour, bicause he slue an Englishman in a singular combat. The principall of this surname in our time held the constableship of Dundée, bearing in his armes a crooked swoord in fashion of an hooke.

After that king Alexander had appeased the intestine commotions thus within his realme, he set in hand to repare the abbeie of Scone, wherein he placed regular canons, dedicating the The abbeie of Scone. church in the honor of the Trinitie, and saint Michaell. Not long after this also, he chanced to come into saint Colmes Inch, where he was constreined to abide thrée dales togither Saint Colmes Inch. through violent rage of weather and tempests: and bicause he found some reliefe of meate & drinke, by meanes of an heremit that dwelt within the same Inch, and kept a chappell there dedicated to saint Colme, he made of that chappell an abbeie of regular canons, in the honor The abbeie of saint Colmes Inch builded. of saint Colme, endowing it with sundrie lands and rents for the maintenance of the abbat and conuent of that house. He also gaue to the church of saint Andrewes, the lands called the Lands named the Boarrinke. Bore tusks. Boarrinke, so named, for that a great bore was slaine vpon the said ground, that had doone much hurt in the countrie thereabout. The tusks of this bore doo hang in chaines vpon the stalles of the quier in saint Andrewes church afore the high altar, and are 16 inches in length, & foure inches in thickenesse. Moreouer, the abbeie of Dunfirmling was finished by king The abbeie of Dunfirmling. Alexander, and endowed with sundrie lands and possessions.

Whilest king Alexander was thus occupied in building and reparing of religious houses, Dauid brother to king Alexander. Woldosius earle of Northumberland and Huntington. his brother Dauid liued in England with his sister quéene Mauld, & through fauour which the king hir husband bare towards him, he obteined in marriage one Mauld, daughter vnto Woldosius or rather Waitheof earle of Huntington and Northumberland, begot of his wife the ladie Iudith that was neece vnto king William the Conqueror. And for that the said Woldosius or Waltheof had no other issue to inherit his lands, Dauid in right of his wife Mauld inioied the same, and was made earle of Huntington and Northumberland, and had issue by his wife a son named Henrie, by whome the lands of Huntington, and some part of Northumberland were The lands of Huntington and Northumberland annexed to the crowne of Scotland. annexed vnto the crowne of Scotland, as after shall appéere. Mauld the daughter of king Henrie Beauclerke, was maried vnto Henrie the emperor, the fourth of that name. William, Richard, and Eufeme, the residue of the issue which the same Henrie Beauclerke had by his wife (surnamed for hir singular bounteousnesse, the good quéene Mauld) in comming foorth of France to repasse into England, perished in the sea by a tempest, to the great dolour of the king their father, and to all other his subjects of ech estate and degree. Their mother the said Mauld was before that time departed out of this life. It was not long after, The death of king Alexander. 1124. H.B. but that Alexander deceassed also, and was buried in Dunfirmling besides his fathers sepulture, in the 17 yéere of his reigne complet, and from the incarnation of Christ 1125 yéeres.

In the daies of this king Alexander, the kinred of the Cummings had their beginning, by The beginning of the Cummings. one Iohn Cumming, a man of great prowesse and valiancie, obteining of the king in respect therof, certeine small portions of lands in Scotland. The house of these Cummings rose in processe of time thus from a small beginning to high honor and puissance, by reason of the great possessions & ample reuenues which they afterwards atteined. At length (as often hapneth) the importable height of this linage was the onelie cause of the decaie and finall ruine thereof, as in the sequele of this historie ye may at full perceiue. Also in the daies of king Alexander, the order of knights of the Rhodes had their beginning, and likewise the order Knights of the Rhodes. White moonks. Richard de sancto Victore. of White moonks, the author whereof was one Nodobert. About the same time liued that holie man Richard de sancto Victore, a Scotishman borne, but dwelled for the more part of his time at Paris in France, where he died, & was buried within the cloister of the abbeie of saint Victor, being a brother of the same house.

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