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BRECHUS.

BRECHUS being thus crownd, was the first king that reigned ouer the Scots in Ireland, who began his reigne there, in the yéere from the creation of the world 3270, which time by
4504 H. B. 60 H. B. 696 H. B. Fandufus. maister Harisons account is after the floud 1616, from the first building of Rome 55, after the entrie of Brutus into Britaine 870, and before the incarnation of our sauiour 697. And hauing ruled his subiects with great iustice by the space of fortie yéeres or thereabout, he died, after whose deceasse succéeded Fandufus, who had issue Ethion, and he begat Glaucus, which Glaucus begat Noitafilus, the father of Rothsay: all of them reigned successiuelie ouer the Scotishmen in Ireland, as in the description of that land more plainelie may appéere.

This Rothsay (perceiuing the Scotish nation increased to a greater multitude in Ireland than Rothsay. The Scots ferrie ouer into the westerne Iles. the countrie was well able to susteine) transported ouer certeine numbers of them into the Iles ancientlie called Ebonides, afterwards Hebrides, but now by the Scots, the westerne Iles bicause they lie on the west halfe of Scotland: and there they placed them to inhabit. He named also that Ile which he first began to possesse Rothsay, after his owne name. Which They inhabit the Ile of Rothsay. translation of these Scotishmen into those Iles was 133 yeeres after the coronation of Brechus.

This Rothsay had not béene long in those Iles, but that hearing of his fathers deceasse, he returned into Ireland to succéed in his place. Where the Scotishmen perceiuing the fertilitie of the Iles, and how the same serued well for the breeding of cattell, became so desirous to inhabit there, that they went ouer thither dailie in great numbers, with their wiues, children, and whole families, so that within a short time they multiplied in such wise, that the Iles were not large inough to find them sustenance, by reason whereof diuers companies of them got them The Scots inhabit the maine land of Scotland. 4617 H. B. They inhabit the countrie called Arguile. They make lawes and ordinances. Gouernors had in reuerence. ouer into the maine land of the north part of this our Britaine, called as then Albion, where they first inhabited a waste and desert portion thereof, lieng toward the west, ouer against the foreremembred Iles, by them alreadie inhabited, Anno 3383. That part where they first began to settle themselues, they named Argathelia, after the name of their first captein and guide Gathelus, but the inhabitants at this day call it Arguile.

At their first comming, bicause they perceiued they could not line without lawes and ciuill gouernment, they seuered themselues into tribes, or as it were into hundreds, or wapentakes, euerie of the same hauing a speciall gouernor to see their lawes ministred, and iustice mainteined: which gouernors were had in such reuerence, that they were as much afraid to sweare by the name of any one of them, as they were by the gods. In this state they continued many a yéere, increasing in processe of time vnto a mightie nation, and liued in good They liue in peace. The Picts came into Scotland out of Germanie. rest without trouble of warres or inuasion made vpon them by any forren enimie. In this meane time also, the Picts, which were a certeine people of Germanie, as most writers doo agrée, came and set foot also in another part of Britaine, which now is comprehended likewise within Scotland.

Some saie that they came foorth of the hether part of Scithia, and other there be which hold opinion, that they descended of the people named in old time Agathyrsi, which inhabited in a part of Sarmatia, and were called Picts, bicause they vsed to paint and colour their faces, or (as some suppose) for that they vsed gaie apparell of diuers and sundrie colours; but the same writers generallie confesse, that they first came into Germanie or hither Scythia (that is to meane Denmarke) many yéeres before they entred into Britaine. Truth it is that they The Picts came first into Orkeney, and chaging their scats came into the maine land of Scotland, Pictland, Eirth. first came out of Germanie, into the Iles of Orkeney, and there inhabiting for a season, feried ouer into Gathnesse, whereof it came to passe, that the streict there at this present is called Pictland firth: and so in continuance of time increasing in number, they passed further into the land, and got possession of Rosse, Murrey land, Merne, and Anguse, and after that, entring into Fiffe and Louthian, they droue such Britains from thence as inhabited there before, which were but a simple kind of people, as those that applied nothing but onelie nourishing and bréeding of cattell.

These Picts, as by conference of times may appéere, entred first into Scotland, about the yeare after the creation of the world 3633, and being once arriued, they began to erect and 4867 H. B. The Picts make strong holds. build certeine forts, wherein they might defend themselues, if any force of enimies should chance to put them to such shifts; but perceiuing they could not continue any time without wiues to mainteine their stocke and progenie by bringing foorth issue, they thought it expedient to require of the Scotishmen some number of women to marrie with, that thereby a sure The Picts require womē of the Scots. aliance might be had betwixt both nations, & that if néed required, they might the better defend them from teir common enimies the Britains, whom they knew would be loth to sée the increase of either Scots or Picis, as those that were strangers to them, and vsurpers vpon their confines.

This request was granted, and a full league ratified betwixt the Scotishmen and Picts, A league made. with couenants, that neither of them should seeke to vsurpe any péece of that which the other held, but content themselues with their owne marches. And further, he that attempted to wrong the one, should be accounted an enimie to both: and against whom they should be readie to ioine their powers in either others defense. Also it was accorded, that if at anie time The succession of the gouernement. it were doubtfull who ought to succéed in the gouernement of the Pictish kingdome, some one descended of those Scotish women should be admitted to the throne.

This aliance was euen at the first misliked of the Britains, who doubted, that if these two Their aliance misliked. nations should once be ioined inseparablie togither, they might in time to come increase to greater puissance than should stand well with the suertie of their estate. Therefore studieng how to preuent that danger, they thought the readiest meane to destroie both those nations was Dissention a present destroier. (if they might bring it to passe) to set them first togither by the eares amongst themselues, that afterwards when their powers were by such meanes sore abated, they might the more easilie subdue them at their pleasures. This deuise the Britains kept secret for a time, till occasion serued to worke their intent. In which meane while the affinitie betwixt the Scots and Picts increased to the wealth of both nations, and for the issue sake great loue and friendship was mainteined among them. The Picts applied themselues to tilling the ground, and building of fortresses: The Picts good husbandmen. The Scots giuen to hunting and fouling. the Scots set all their delight in hunting and fouling, vsing about the same to go armed in iacks and light iesternes with bow and arrowes, no otherwise than if it had beene in open warre: for in this exercise they placed all the hope of the defense of their possessions, lands and liberties.

At length, the Britains perceiuing happilie some grudge or enuie to be entred amongst them, The Britains send ambassadors vnto the Picts. A craftie suggestion. they sent solemne ambassadors vnto the Picts, declaring that it were more honorable for them to ioine in league with the Britains, than with the Scots: which Britains were knowne to be famous, both in peace and war, and inhabited a countrie most fruitfull and replenished with all commodities necessarie, hauing therein rich mines of diuers kinds of mettall, where the Scots being a rude nation, wild and sauage, inhabited a barren countrie, full of rough and fruitlesse mounteins, delighting thereto in nothing but in the slaughter of men and beasts. And herevnto they added that (which most mooued the Picts) how it was foretold them by prophesies, that Prophesies. the Scots through treason should vtterlie in time to come extinguish and destroie all the Pictish bloud. Which persuasions induced the Picts at the last, to make a league with the Britains, who promised their aid at all times, in whatsoeuer enterprise the Picts should take in hand against the Scots, and as often as occasion should require.

This league thus being confirmed with the Britains, incouraged the Picts so, that they The Picts become enimies to the Scots. sought dailie how to picke quarels, and fall out with the Scotishmen: wherevpon making proclamation that no Scotishmen should enter into their borders, vpon paine of death: some such as they tooke within the same, they cruellie slue; other they ransomed at excesiue The Scots reuenge the iniurie doone vnto them. summes: wherevpon the Scots being kindled with iust displeasure, on the other side requited them with the like, euer as they caught any of the said Picts by hap or otherwise amongst them, or in their walks.

The one nation séeking thus to be reuenged of the other, there insued open war betwixt them: whervpon the Sotishmen, to the end they might be the better able to mainteine their Scots send for aid into Ireland. quarell, sent ouer their ambassadors vnto their kinsmen in Ireland, requiring them of aid in that present danger, as hauing now not onelie warres with the Picts, but also with the Britains, who minded nothing but the vtter destruction of them and their linage, except speedie remedie were found. And for that they saw it néedful to haue one onelie head and gouernor, They require a gouernor. they made sute also to haue some capteine of honor with them into Albion, vnto whom as to their king they would submit themselues. In that season amongst the Irish Scotishmen, Ferguhardus king in Ireland. there reigned a king named Ferguhardus, who inclining to the petition of the British Scots, caused an huge armie forthwith to be leuied, and thereto he appointed his owne sonne Fergusius sent into Scotland. The marble stone. Fergusius to be generall of the same, a worthie yoong gentleman, and an expert warrior: whome hee sent ouer with his puissant companie, in such speed as was possible. He had also with him the marble stone, that he might conceiue the better hope to reigne there as a king, bicause he went foorth vnto such a dangerous warre.

Such also as went with him in this iournie, had their wiues, their children, and all their substance with them, as the maner of the nation then was, when they went forth into any forren countrie. Now it came to passe that this Fergusius was no sooner come into Albion among Fergusius landed in Albion. A parlement. the Scotishmen there, but that in a parlement called and assembled in Argile for the purpose, they first consulted after what sort they might mainteine themselues against their enimies, and what order for gouernment should be obserued amongst them. Where finallie for auoiding A king is for to be obeied. of such inconueniences, as might rise through manie gouernors, they decréed to choose onlie one, whome in all things, as their king & head, they would from thencefoorth follow and obeie.

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