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CONUALL.

AFTER his funerall obsequies finished in Colmekill, where he lieth buried amongest his
Conuall elected king of Scotland. ancestors, his brother Conuall was chosen to succéed him in administration of the kingdome, a prince of such inclination to vertue and godlines, as all men may iustlie woonder thereat. He bare such zealous deuotion towards the worshipping of the crosse (a thing to put men Conuals deuotion to the crosse. in remembrance of Christs passion as he tooke it) that which way soeuer he rode (as it is reported) hée had the same borne before him, and at his getting vp and lighting downe from his horsse, he with all the multitude of people standing about him, would worship it, knéeling downe, & reuerentlie kissing it. This crosse was of siluer with a crucifix thereon, and letters grauen in a plate fastened to the staffe, conteining these two words: Christianorum gloria. He commanded also that the signe of the crosse should be set vpon the tops of Crosses set vpon the tops of stééples. stéeples, and on the highest towers of the gates of castels & townes. Moreouer he forbad the crosse to be grauen or painted vpon anie pauement, least anie man should vnreuerentlie tread vpon it. Furthermore he had priests and other religious men in such honor, as Conuals deuotion towards church men. nothing could be more, appointing them to haue the tenths of all those fruits which the earth yéelded. Sundrie ordinances he made also, for the gréeuous punishment of all such as in anie wise misused a priest, or other religious person: as he that gaue any of them a blow, should loose his hand for it: and hée that slue one of them, should forfeit his goods, and bée burned quicke. Againe, he bestowed manie rich iewels, and gaue diuers great gifts Conuals liberalitie toward churches. vnto churches, prouiding the ministers of sufficient liuings, and appointed that they should haue their houses néere vnto their churches, to be readie to execute that which apperteined vnto their offices, when anie néed required.

The king being thus vertuouslie disposed, caused the whole number of his subiects by his example to be the better affectioned towards the aduancement of religion. The report and fame whereof mooued that holie man saint Colme or Colombe, to come ouer foorth of Saint Colme commeth ouer forth of Ireland into Scotland. Ireland (where he had the gouernance of sundrie houses of moonks) with twelue other vertuous persons into Albion, and there gathering togither a great number of moonks being here and there dispersed abroad in the countrie, he placed them orderlie in such houses, as king Conuall had builded and founded for that purpose, appointing amongst them rulers & ministers, such as he thought most conuenient. But saint Colmo himselfe, and the other twelue, which he brought ouer with him from Ireland, placing themselues to the lie of Iona, now called Colmekill tooke great paines to instruct the Scots and Picts in the true articles of the faith.

Amongst the Picts at the same time the heresie of Pelagius had infected the minds of many, The heresie of Pelagius in Pictland. by meane that diuerse of that nation hauing dwelled a long time in Britaine, returning into their countrie, brought that pestilent doctrine home with them, and taught it vnto other. Saint Colme therefore informed hereof, passed into Louthian vnto Brudeus as then king of the Picts, earnestlie trauelling to instruct both him and his people in the right beliefe, and to extirpe out of their hearts all ercnious opinions of that damnable sect of the Pelagians lore. At the same time, that blessed man Kenrigerne, otherwise called Mungo, gouerned the Kentigerne bishop of Glascow, otherwise called Mungo bishop of Vasco. church of Glascow, as bishop of the same, who resorting into the companie of this saint Colme, had much conference with him, to both their comforts, concerning the true articles of our faith.

This Kentigerne was descended of the bloud roiall of the Pictish kings, as son vnto that Thamew or Thametes rauished by Eugenius king of Scotland, of which rauishment she bare the foresaid Kentigerne. vertuous woman Thametes or Thamew, daughter vnto Loth king of the Picts, whome a yoong lustie gentleman, or (as some haue written) the last mentioned Eugenius the Scotish king rauished by force, and begot of hir the said Kentigerne. He was greatlie in fauour with the foresaid Brudeus the Pictish king, as one that was néere of his bloud. For the same Brudeus was nephue vnto the foresaid Loth by his brother called Melethon, and therefore succéeded in the kingdome of the Picts, after that Mordred was slaine, as before is expressed. Kentigerne went with saint Colme vnto the castell of Calidon, otherwise called The castell of Calidon now Dounkeld. Dounkeld, where they remained six moneths in a monasterie there, builded by king Conuall, teaching and preaching vnto the people of Athole, Calidon, and Angus, that in great numbers came vnto them, to heare their godlie instructions. There is in the same place, where the said castell sometimes stood, a church dedicated vnto saint Colme, built of faire square stone, being at this day a bishops see, commonlie called Dounkeld, indowed with manie faire The bishops sée of Dounkeld. reuenues and great possessions, for the maintenance of the bishop and his canons.

At the six moneths end, those two vertuous persons taking their leaue each of other, not without shedding of teares, departed in sunder, Kentigerne returning into Glascow, and saint Colme into Ireland, where reporting manie things, touching the great vertue and holines Saint Colme returneth into Ireland. of king Conuall, and with what deuotion he had béene receiued both of him and his people, he mooued manie to woonder greatlie thereat, to heare that a king in the midst of all his allurements to pleasure, should yet be so mindfull of dioine meditations and godlie exercises. In the yere following, saint Colme prepared to returne into Scotland, taking Aidan ouer Saint Colme cōmeth againe into Scotland, bringing with him Aidan sonne to king Conran. The death of Conuall. 578. H. B. with him thither, by commandement of king Conuall, which Aidan (as ye haue heard) to auoid the traines of Eugenius, fled ouer into Ireland with his mother, for doubt to bée made away by the same Eugenius. Saint Colme taking the sea with this Aidan, and comming on land on the coasts of Scotland, was no sooner there arriued, but that presentlie he had knowledge how the king was dead, being the yeere of his reigne the 10, and after the birth of our Sauiour 579.

Saint Colme then being throughlie certified of his death, and that the corps was forward Saint Colme present at the buriall of king Conuall. on the way towards Colmekill, there to be buried, hée thought it a péece of his dutie to go thither to be at the funerall, and so dooing, was as one of the chielest there in executing of the obsquies. Which being ended, and hearing that Kinnatill the brother of Conuall was Kinnatil elected king of Scotland. inthronized king in Argile, by the frée election of all the estates, he neuerthelesse kept on his former purposed iournie, and came vnto Kinnatill, bringing Aidan with him (appointed by Conuall to haue receiued the gouernement of the kingdome if he had liued) they were both receiued with all beneuolence of the said Kinnatill cōtrarie to most mens expectation: Saint Colme and Aidan receiued by Kinnatill. The prophesy of Kinnatill. insomuch that imbracing Aidan, he bad him be of good cheere, for it should shortlie come to passe, that he should atteine to the possession of his grandfathers dominions, and haue issue that should succeed him, to the great reliefe of the Scotish common-wealth.

By what spirit of prophesie he vttred these words, it is vncerteine, but sure it is that his purpose was to haue giuen ouer the gouernement of the kingdome (as he confessed himselfe lieng vpon his death bed) and to haue restored it vnto Aidan who had a right therevnto. Howbeit being preuented by death, he could not haue time to accomplish his desire, for within twentie daies after his coronation, being surprised with a grieuous disease of a catarrhike rheume, and the squinancie, he was constreined to kéepe his chamber, committing the publike administration of the realme vnto Aidan. Herevpon followed a feuer through The death of Kinnatill. Kinnatill lieng vpon his death bed, surrendereth his kingdome into Aidans hands. increasing of a flegmatike humor bred by long rest, that after 14 moneths space vnbodied his ghost, which by instruction of saint Colme, being present with him at the houre of his death, he rendred in most deuout wise into the hands of his redéemer; appointing his kingdome as it were by deliuerie of seisin, euen there vpon his death bed vnto the foresaid Aidan.

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