AFTER this, Crathlint being certeinelie knowne to be the sonne of king Findocke, by such
Crathlint is made king.
euident tokens as were shewed by him that brought him vp, was (partlie in respect of his
iust title, and partlie for consideration of his good seruice in deliuering his countrie of so detestable a tyrant) aduanced to the gouernement of the kingdome, by consent of all the estates,
and so being confirmed king, he persuaded the people that all the linage of the late tyrant
Donald might be plucked vp, euen as it were a trée by the roots, least anie of them happilie
remaining aliue, should find meanes afterwards to disturbe the common-wealth. The people
consented lightlie herevnto, as they that beside the mortall hate which they bare towards
Donald, were now suddenlie in loue with Crathlint, not onelie for his wit and other qualities
of the mind, but also by reason of his comelie personage and passing beautie, setting foorth
all his dooings greatlie to his high praise and commendation
The issue therefore with other the kinsmen and alies of Donald were sought for, and those
The kinsmen and friends of Donald of the Iles are persecuted.
The politike gouernment of Crathlint.
that were found, without anie difference or respect of age or sex, were cruellie put to death.
Which doone, Crathlint appointed foorth iudges and other administrators of iustice to see
the laws executed, and the countries gouerned in good and quiet order, euerie man being
assigned to his owne proper circuit. These hée chose out of the most ancient peeres and
barons of his realme. The yoonger sort he reserued to attend vpon his person.
When he had taken direction in this wise for the rule of his kingdome, he went vp into
Crathlint goeth to hunt in the mounteins of Granzbene, ancientlie called Grampeus mons.
An ambassage from the Picts.
The Picts require the league to be renewed.
the mounteins of Granzebene, there to passe the time for a while in hunting the hart, and
other wild beasts, whither came vnto him ambassadors from Thelargus king of the Picts, declaring the ioy which their maister had conceiued for the slaughter of Donald, and the restoring of the right blood againe vnto the estate, requiring that the ancient league betwixt
the Picts and Scotishmen might be once againe renewed. Crathlint receiued these ambassadors most ioifullie, giuing them heartie thanks on the behalfe of their maister for this signification of his good will shewed by their comming, and herewith promised, that during his
life he would gladlie obserue the old ancient amitie established betwixt the two nations:
Crathlint promiseth to obserue the ancient amitie betwixt the Scotishmen and Picts.
The present sent by Crathlint vnto the king of the Picts.
Diuers Pictish lords come to Crathlint to hunt and make merie with him.
A praise of the Scotish dogs.
The Picts steale one of the kings best greihounds.
The Scots & Picts fight for a greihound.
What mischief insued vpon so light an occasion as the stealing of a dog.
This chanced about the yere of Christ 288, as lo. Ma. noteth.
The Scots rob the Pictish borders.
The Scots & Picts incounter in battell.
The Scots discomfited by the Picts.
Of what continuance the league was betwixt the Scots and Picts, & now broken about a small matter as begun about a dog.
Thelargus king of the Picts being an aged man, desireth to haue peace, and therevpon sendeth his ambassadors vnto Crathlint.
A truce granted.
according to the tenor of the old league. Moreouer, when the said ambassadors should depart,
he tooke vnto them to deliuer from him as a present vnto their maister certeine horsses, with
hounds and greihounds, such as he thought that king Thelargus wanted.
And shortlie after the returne of these ambassadors into their countrie, diuerse yoong gentlemen of the Pictish nobilitie repaired vnto king Crathlint, to hunt and make merie with
him: but when they should depart homewards, perceiuing that the Scotish dogs did farre
excell theirs, both in fairnesse, swiftnesse, hardinesse, and also in long standing vp and holding out, they got diuerse both dogs and bitches of the best kinds for breed to be giuen then
by the Scotish lords, and yet not so contented, they stale one belonging to the king from his
kéeper, being more estéemed of him than all the other which he had about him. The
maister of the leash being informed hereof, pursued after them which had stolen that dog,
thinking in déed to haue taken him from them, but they not willing to depart with him, fell
at altercation, and in the end chanced to strike the maister of the leash through with their
borespeares that he died presentlie, wherevpon a noise and crie being raised in the countrie
by his seruants, diuerse of the Scots as they were going home from hunting, returned; and
falling vpon the Picts to reuenge the death of their fellow, there insued a shrewd bickering
betwixt them, so that of the Scots there died thréescore gentlemen, besides a great number
of the commons, not one of them vnderstanding (till all was doone) what the matter ment.
Of the Picts there were about an hundred slaine.
The kinsmen and friends of the Scots that were thus slaine, were woonderfullie mooued
with the iniurie committed, insomuch that without commandement of king or capteine, they
assembled in great numbers togither, and entring into the Pictish confines, they began to
rob, spoile and kill after the maner of warre, wherewith the Picts being set in a rage, came
foorth togither into the field, and incountering with the Scots, there was fought a sore battell
betwixt them, without capteine, order, or standard, till at length the victorie remained with
the Picts, of whom were slaine notwithstanding the day went on their sides, about two
thousand men, but of the Scots there died aboue thrée thousand, or more, as was supposed.
Thus vpon a light occasion was the league broken betwixt these two nations, who had continued as friends, the one still readie to aid the other, euer sith the daies of king Reutha,
being the 7 in number that reigned after Ferguse.
These two nations being thus fallen at debate, it was woonder to vnderstand with what
crueltie the one sought to destroie the other. No pitie might mooue their cruell harts to
spare either man, woman or child that fell into their hands: such was their inordinate and
like desire which they had to shed each others bloud. At last Thelargus K. of the Picts
being a verie aged man, and perceiuing what mischiefe was happened through the follie of a
few wilfull persons, appointed certeine of his counsell to go as ambassadors vnto king Crathlint, to find some means to haue the matter taken vp, for the auoiding of the imminent
danger that was like to insue to both nations. They according to their instructions comming
to the place where Crathlint as then soiourned, had much adoo to get licence to come vnto
his presence: but at length being admitted, they vsed such humble persuasions grounded
vpon reasonable considerations, that although no peace could be fullie concluded, yet a truce
was granted them for thrée moneths space, which was but sorilie obserued, for deadly
hatred and inward desire of reuenge was entred so farre into the breasts of the commons
on both sides, that neither commandement nor punishment might staie them from the inuading of one anothers confines, mauger their princes and all their sore restraints.
In this meane time was the estate of the Romane empire in Britaine brought into trouble
Carantius named by Eutropius Carausius, troubleth the estate of Britaine.
by Carantius, of whome a little before mention hath béene made. Eutropius nameth him
Carausius: he would not be acknowne at his comming to Rome of what linage he was
descended, and so he was reputed to come of some base stocke, but yet through his worthie
seruice in the warres, he atteined vnto great honor, and was appointed by Dioclesian to haue
the souereigne regard ouer the coasts of the French ocean, to defend the same from pirats
of the Saxons and other Germans, that sore molested the same in those daies. But for that
The wilie practise of Carantius.
he vsed to suffer those rouers to take spoiles and prises, to the end he might in their returne take the same from them againe, and conuert the gaine wholie to his owne vse, without restoring that which was due to the owners, or sending anie portion thereof to the Romane emperor, he was complained vpon, and sent for; but for that he doubted to come
Carantius fereth to come to make answer to such matters as he was charged with.
Carantius reuolting cōmeth into Westmerland, & causeth the people there to take his part against the Romans.
Carantius sendeth messengers vnto king Crathlint, in excusing his fault for his brother Findocks death.
Carantius requireth to be aided against the Romans.
to his answer, as one which knew himselfe guiltie, he furnished his nauie with men, vittels
and ordinance, and with the same tooke his course about the west parts of Britaine, and
landed in Westmerland, where he easilie procured the people there to submit themselues to
be vnder his rule and obeisance, and promised to deliuer them from the gréeuous yoke and
bondage of the Romans.
Thus hauing begun the foundation of that which he purposed to atchiue, for his further
aduancement therein, he sent ambassadors vnto his nephue king Crathlint, both declaring
what he was, and also excusing the trespasse surmised against him, for being of counsell
touching the murther of his brother Findocke, father to the same Crathlint: and therefore
if in putting away all mistrust of his innocencie in that behalfe, he would aid him against
the Romans, he doubted not but that he should in short time vtterlie expell them out of
all Britaine, and enioy all those prouinces within the same (which as then they possessed)
vnto his owne vse, and this he said should be more honor and gaine both to the Scotishmen & Picts, if they could be contented to renew friendship, and ioine with them in aid
against their common enimies, than to séeke to destroie one another, as he latelie vnderstood
they had doone for a dog.
Crathlint hearing the words of these ambassadors, reioised not a little, that his vncle
Crathlist reioiseth to hear that Carantius was aline.
Crathlint resolueth to aid Carantius, & certifieth him of the same.
Carantius was not onelie aliue, but also had through his valiancie atchiued so high renowme
as to be accounted one of the worthiest warriors amongst all the Romane capteins. And
herevpon with good aduise he determined to aid him in that his enterprise for the conquest
of Britaine to the vttermost of his power. Adding further, that if it were not for the warres
which he doubted to haue with the Picts, he would not onlie send him aid of men, but
also come with them himselfe: and hereof he assured the ambassadors both by word of
mouth and letters. Who returning with such answer vnto their maister Carantius, he
The king of the Picts also promiseth to aid Carantius.
reioised not a litle, to vnderstand how well they had sped, and so much the more, for that he
receiued about the same time the like answer from the king of Picts.
Shortlie after he came to an interuiew with the king of Scots at the water of Eske, where
Grathlint king of the Scots and Carantius come to talke togither.
after he had purged himselfe with manie words of excuse, touching the murther of his
brother Findocke, there was an assured friendship concluded betwixt them. And at the
motion of Carantius, Crathlint was contented to come to a communication with the king of
Picts, for the conclusion of a peace, to the intent that both of them might ioine their powers
togither, in aid of Carantius against the Romans. At this communication both the kings
Crathlint and the king of the Picts come to a communication by Carantius his means, who trauelleth to set them at one.
met, and Carantius likewise was there, as a man indifferent betwixt them both, to doo what
he could to linke them both in amitie. And verelie his presence therevnto stood so much
in stéed, that chieflie through his persuasion grounded vpon great reasons and weightie considerations, they agreed to conclude a peace, and to renew the old league in such maner and
forme, and with such conditions, as should be thought requisite by the aduise and discréet
order of eight ancient persons: foure to be chosen on the one part, and foure on the other.
Which eight persons taking the matter in hand, did so aduisedlie giue order for the
Peace confirmed againe betwixt the Scotishmen and Picts.
auoiding of all causes of grudge and hatred, that both parts held them satisfied with their arbitrement
and direction, so that a ioifull peace was confirmed, and all variance vtterlie quenched.
In this meane time Quintus Bassianus the Romane lieutenant in Britaine, vnderstanding
how Carantius was thus reuolted, and had not onelie caused them of Westmerland to rebell,
but also slaine and chased the Romans out of that countrie, he was not a little disquieted,
and determined with all spéed to go against him, and to reuenge these iniuries. Within a
Quintus Bassianus entreth into Westmerland, but hearing that his enimies were at Yorke he turneth thitherwards.
few daies after, hauing his armie readie, he entered into Westmerland: but hearing that his
enimies were alreadie come to Yorke, and had woone the citie by surrender, he turned his
force thitherward, in purpose to fight with them, though he vnderstood they were in thrée
great battels, as the Scots in one, the Picts in another, and those of Carantius retinue in the
third. He lodged that night within a verie strong place, fensed about with marishes.
But Carantius vnderstanding all the maner of his enimies by his espials, and being in
campe within ten miles of them or thereabout, in the same night he raised his field without
anie great brute, and by the leading of certeine guides he marched streight toward the place
where Bassianus was incamped, so that anon after the spring of the day he came thither:
whereof Bassianus being aduertised, and perceiuing he should haue battell, maketh readie for
the same, giuing the best exhortation he could vnto his people to plaie the men: but forsomuch as the most part of his armie were Britains, all his words nothing auailed: for they
desirous to sée the vtter ruine of all the Romane power, euen at the verie point when the
The Britains betray the Romans.
battels should haue ioined, withdrew themselues apart without anie stroke striken, and got
them vp into the next mounteins, to see what would insue. The residue of the Romane
armie, seeing themselues thus forsaken of their fellowes, and their sides left bare and open
for the enimie to enter vpon them, fell to plaine running away, but by reason of the
The Romans are discōfited.
marish ground compassing them in on each side, seruing well to purpose for the Scots,
and other the confederates, a great number of the Romans, and other of their part were
The slaughter of the Romans.
ouertaken and slaine. Amongst whome Bassianus himselfe was one, and Hircius the emperors procurator an other.
The Britains (who as is said refused to fight in the beginning of the battell) yéelded
The Britains yéeld themselues vnto Carantius.
themselues vnto Carantius, and sware to be his true liege men and subiects. In like maner
Carantius appointed all such of the nobilitie as were betwixt twentie yéeres and thréescore,
to remaine with him in hostage: but the spoile of the field he diuided amongest his people
equallie, so that as well the Scotishmen and Picts, as also his owne souldiers held them
well contented and satisfied therewith. After this victorie Carantius caused himselfe to be
Carantius or Carausius, as Eutropius nameth him, vsurpeth the kingdome of Britaine.
proclamed king of Britaine, vsurping the gouernment therof wholie to himselfe, and reteining two thousand of the Scots and Picts to attend vpon the safegard of his person, sent
the residue home laden with riches of the enimies spoile. He sent also with them his ambassadors, to render thanks vnto both the kings for their aid in this so prosperous a victorie,
assigning vnto them as a portion of the conquest, the countries of Westmerland and
Carantius hauing got the victorie, diuideth the gaine in assigning to his cōfederats their due portions.
Cumberland, with all that region which lay betwixt Adrians wall, and the citie of Yorke, to inioy
as their owne proper patrimonie for euermore. Finallie the said Carantius was slaine by his
companion Alectus, as in the English historie ye may find more at large.
After this, Crathlint king of Scots deliuered from troubles against the Romans, deuised
sundrie good ordinances for the quiet state of the Scotish common-wealth causing the peace
to be diligentlie obserued betwixt him and the Picts. Also in his daies the persecution of
The persecution of the christians by Dioclesian.
the christians chanced, which the emperour Dioclesian commanded to be executed in most
furious wise, so that there were few partes of the world (where anie christians were knowne
to inhabit) that tasted not of that his cruell ordinance and scourge in that behalfe. In
Britaine also, as well as in other places, there was no small quantitie of innocent bloud shed,
with most vnmercifull murther committed, to the great triumph of Christs crosse, that glorious
ensigne of our religion.
In which time Constantius Chlorus father to Constantine the great, was resident in Britaine,
who adiudging the Scots to be a people wholie giuen to pillage and sláughter, as they were
in déed, determined with himselfe to haue brought them to subiection. But yer he could
atchiue any notable enterprise, he died, leauing behind him the fame of a right gentle and
woorthie prince, sauing that in one point he sore stained his honor, for that he was one of
the chiefe that persecuted the christian flocke vnder Dioclesian, forcing no small number of
Constantius persecuteth the christians.
Manie of the Britains flée to the Scots to auoid persecution.
the faithfull amongst the Britains, to flée vnto the Scots and Picts to auoid his persecution.
Whome Crathlint receiued for his part most louinglie, and assigned vnto them (as the Scots
say) the Ile of Man for a place of habitation, destroieng all such temples of the heathens
religion belonging to the Druides, which had continued there since the begining; and vtterlie
abolished all the superstitious rites and customes of the same Druides, with their whole order
Crathlint destroieth the temples of the false gods in Man.
The fist bishops sée in Scotland.
Crathlint departeth out of this world.
and brotherhood. He erected a temple there, which hée dedicated vnto Iesus Christ our
sauiour, wherein the christians might celebrate their diuine seruice, according to their profestion. This church being richlie indowed, was the first bihops sée amongst the Scots, and
therevpon was taken for the mother church of the realme. It is now called the church of
saint Sauiour. Finallie Crathlint departed out of this life, after he had reigned 24 yéeres,
being much praised aswell for his politike gouernement, as for his great and earnest zeale
which he bare toward the aduancement of the true christian religion.