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CRATHLINT.

AFTER this, Crathlint being certeinelie knowne to be the sonne of king Findocke, by such
Crathlint is made king. euident tokens as were shewed by him that brought him vp, was (partlie in respect of his iust title, and partlie for consideration of his good seruice in deliuering his countrie of so detestable a tyrant) aduanced to the gouernement of the kingdome, by consent of all the estates, and so being confirmed king, he persuaded the people that all the linage of the late tyrant Donald might be plucked vp, euen as it were a trée by the roots, least anie of them happilie remaining aliue, should find meanes afterwards to disturbe the common-wealth. The people consented lightlie herevnto, as they that beside the mortall hate which they bare towards Donald, were now suddenlie in loue with Crathlint, not onelie for his wit and other qualities of the mind, but also by reason of his comelie personage and passing beautie, setting foorth all his dooings greatlie to his high praise and commendation

The issue therefore with other the kinsmen and alies of Donald were sought for, and those The kinsmen and friends of Donald of the Iles are persecuted. The politike gouernment of Crathlint. that were found, without anie difference or respect of age or sex, were cruellie put to death. Which doone, Crathlint appointed foorth iudges and other administrators of iustice to see the laws executed, and the countries gouerned in good and quiet order, euerie man being assigned to his owne proper circuit. These hée chose out of the most ancient peeres and barons of his realme. The yoonger sort he reserued to attend vpon his person.

When he had taken direction in this wise for the rule of his kingdome, he went vp into Crathlint goeth to hunt in the mounteins of Granzbene, ancientlie called Grampeus mons. An ambassage from the Picts. The Picts require the league to be renewed. the mounteins of Granzebene, there to passe the time for a while in hunting the hart, and other wild beasts, whither came vnto him ambassadors from Thelargus king of the Picts, declaring the ioy which their maister had conceiued for the slaughter of Donald, and the restoring of the right blood againe vnto the estate, requiring that the ancient league betwixt the Picts and Scotishmen might be once againe renewed. Crathlint receiued these ambassadors most ioifullie, giuing them heartie thanks on the behalfe of their maister for this signification of his good will shewed by their comming, and herewith promised, that during his life he would gladlie obserue the old ancient amitie established betwixt the two nations: Crathlint promiseth to obserue the ancient amitie betwixt the Scotishmen and Picts. The present sent by Crathlint vnto the king of the Picts. Diuers Pictish lords come to Crathlint to hunt and make merie with him. A praise of the Scotish dogs. The Picts steale one of the kings best greihounds. The Scots & Picts fight for a greihound. What mischief insued vpon so light an occasion as the stealing of a dog. This chanced about the yere of Christ 288, as lo. Ma. noteth. The Scots rob the Pictish borders. The Scots & Picts incounter in battell. The Scots discomfited by the Picts. Of what continuance the league was betwixt the Scots and Picts, & now broken about a small matter as begun about a dog. Cruell wars. Thelargus king of the Picts being an aged man, desireth to haue peace, and therevpon sendeth his ambassadors vnto Crathlint. A truce granted. according to the tenor of the old league. Moreouer, when the said ambassadors should depart, he tooke vnto them to deliuer from him as a present vnto their maister certeine horsses, with hounds and greihounds, such as he thought that king Thelargus wanted.

And shortlie after the returne of these ambassadors into their countrie, diuerse yoong gentlemen of the Pictish nobilitie repaired vnto king Crathlint, to hunt and make merie with him: but when they should depart homewards, perceiuing that the Scotish dogs did farre excell theirs, both in fairnesse, swiftnesse, hardinesse, and also in long standing vp and holding out, they got diuerse both dogs and bitches of the best kinds for breed to be giuen then by the Scotish lords, and yet not so contented, they stale one belonging to the king from his kéeper, being more estéemed of him than all the other which he had about him. The maister of the leash being informed hereof, pursued after them which had stolen that dog, thinking in déed to haue taken him from them, but they not willing to depart with him, fell at altercation, and in the end chanced to strike the maister of the leash through with their borespeares that he died presentlie, wherevpon a noise and crie being raised in the countrie by his seruants, diuerse of the Scots as they were going home from hunting, returned; and falling vpon the Picts to reuenge the death of their fellow, there insued a shrewd bickering betwixt them, so that of the Scots there died thréescore gentlemen, besides a great number of the commons, not one of them vnderstanding (till all was doone) what the matter ment. Of the Picts there were about an hundred slaine.

The kinsmen and friends of the Scots that were thus slaine, were woonderfullie mooued with the iniurie committed, insomuch that without commandement of king or capteine, they assembled in great numbers togither, and entring into the Pictish confines, they began to rob, spoile and kill after the maner of warre, wherewith the Picts being set in a rage, came foorth togither into the field, and incountering with the Scots, there was fought a sore battell betwixt them, without capteine, order, or standard, till at length the victorie remained with the Picts, of whom were slaine notwithstanding the day went on their sides, about two thousand men, but of the Scots there died aboue thrée thousand, or more, as was supposed. Thus vpon a light occasion was the league broken betwixt these two nations, who had continued as friends, the one still readie to aid the other, euer sith the daies of king Reutha, being the 7 in number that reigned after Ferguse.

These two nations being thus fallen at debate, it was woonder to vnderstand with what crueltie the one sought to destroie the other. No pitie might mooue their cruell harts to spare either man, woman or child that fell into their hands: such was their inordinate and like desire which they had to shed each others bloud. At last Thelargus K. of the Picts being a verie aged man, and perceiuing what mischiefe was happened through the follie of a few wilfull persons, appointed certeine of his counsell to go as ambassadors vnto king Crathlint, to find some means to haue the matter taken vp, for the auoiding of the imminent danger that was like to insue to both nations. They according to their instructions comming to the place where Crathlint as then soiourned, had much adoo to get licence to come vnto his presence: but at length being admitted, they vsed such humble persuasions grounded vpon reasonable considerations, that although no peace could be fullie concluded, yet a truce was granted them for thrée moneths space, which was but sorilie obserued, for deadly hatred and inward desire of reuenge was entred so farre into the breasts of the commons on both sides, that neither commandement nor punishment might staie them from the inuading of one anothers confines, mauger their princes and all their sore restraints.

In this meane time was the estate of the Romane empire in Britaine brought into trouble Carantius named by Eutropius Carausius, troubleth the estate of Britaine. by Carantius, of whome a little before mention hath béene made. Eutropius nameth him Carausius: he would not be acknowne at his comming to Rome of what linage he was descended, and so he was reputed to come of some base stocke, but yet through his worthie seruice in the warres, he atteined vnto great honor, and was appointed by Dioclesian to haue the souereigne regard ouer the coasts of the French ocean, to defend the same from pirats of the Saxons and other Germans, that sore molested the same in those daies. But for that The wilie practise of Carantius. he vsed to suffer those rouers to take spoiles and prises, to the end he might in their returne take the same from them againe, and conuert the gaine wholie to his owne vse, without restoring that which was due to the owners, or sending anie portion thereof to the Romane emperor, he was complained vpon, and sent for; but for that he doubted to come Carantius fereth to come to make answer to such matters as he was charged with. Carantius reuolting cōmeth into Westmerland, & causeth the people there to take his part against the Romans. Carantius sendeth messengers vnto king Crathlint, in excusing his fault for his brother Findocks death. Carantius requireth to be aided against the Romans. to his answer, as one which knew himselfe guiltie, he furnished his nauie with men, vittels and ordinance, and with the same tooke his course about the west parts of Britaine, and landed in Westmerland, where he easilie procured the people there to submit themselues to be vnder his rule and obeisance, and promised to deliuer them from the gréeuous yoke and bondage of the Romans.

Thus hauing begun the foundation of that which he purposed to atchiue, for his further aduancement therein, he sent ambassadors vnto his nephue king Crathlint, both declaring what he was, and also excusing the trespasse surmised against him, for being of counsell touching the murther of his brother Findocke, father to the same Crathlint: and therefore if in putting away all mistrust of his innocencie in that behalfe, he would aid him against the Romans, he doubted not but that he should in short time vtterlie expell them out of all Britaine, and enioy all those prouinces within the same (which as then they possessed) vnto his owne vse, and this he said should be more honor and gaine both to the Scotishmen & Picts, if they could be contented to renew friendship, and ioine with them in aid against their common enimies, than to séeke to destroie one another, as he latelie vnderstood they had doone for a dog.

Crathlint hearing the words of these ambassadors, reioised not a little, that his vncle Crathlist reioiseth to hear that Carantius was aline. Crathlint resolueth to aid Carantius, & certifieth him of the same. Carantius was not onelie aliue, but also had through his valiancie atchiued so high renowme as to be accounted one of the worthiest warriors amongst all the Romane capteins. And herevpon with good aduise he determined to aid him in that his enterprise for the conquest of Britaine to the vttermost of his power. Adding further, that if it were not for the warres which he doubted to haue with the Picts, he would not onlie send him aid of men, but also come with them himselfe: and hereof he assured the ambassadors both by word of mouth and letters. Who returning with such answer vnto their maister Carantius, he The king of the Picts also promiseth to aid Carantius. reioised not a litle, to vnderstand how well they had sped, and so much the more, for that he receiued about the same time the like answer from the king of Picts.

Shortlie after he came to an interuiew with the king of Scots at the water of Eske, where Grathlint king of the Scots and Carantius come to talke togither. after he had purged himselfe with manie words of excuse, touching the murther of his brother Findocke, there was an assured friendship concluded betwixt them. And at the motion of Carantius, Crathlint was contented to come to a communication with the king of Picts, for the conclusion of a peace, to the intent that both of them might ioine their powers togither, in aid of Carantius against the Romans. At this communication both the kings Crathlint and the king of the Picts come to a communication by Carantius his means, who trauelleth to set them at one. met, and Carantius likewise was there, as a man indifferent betwixt them both, to doo what he could to linke them both in amitie. And verelie his presence therevnto stood so much in stéed, that chieflie through his persuasion grounded vpon great reasons and weightie considerations, they agreed to conclude a peace, and to renew the old league in such maner and forme, and with such conditions, as should be thought requisite by the aduise and discréet order of eight ancient persons: foure to be chosen on the one part, and foure on the other. Which eight persons taking the matter in hand, did so aduisedlie giue order for the Peace confirmed againe betwixt the Scotishmen and Picts. auoiding of all causes of grudge and hatred, that both parts held them satisfied with their arbitrement and direction, so that a ioifull peace was confirmed, and all variance vtterlie quenched.

In this meane time Quintus Bassianus the Romane lieutenant in Britaine, vnderstanding how Carantius was thus reuolted, and had not onelie caused them of Westmerland to rebell, but also slaine and chased the Romans out of that countrie, he was not a little disquieted, and determined with all spéed to go against him, and to reuenge these iniuries. Within a Quintus Bassianus entreth into Westmerland, but hearing that his enimies were at Yorke he turneth thitherwards. few daies after, hauing his armie readie, he entered into Westmerland: but hearing that his enimies were alreadie come to Yorke, and had woone the citie by surrender, he turned his force thitherward, in purpose to fight with them, though he vnderstood they were in thrée great battels, as the Scots in one, the Picts in another, and those of Carantius retinue in the third. He lodged that night within a verie strong place, fensed about with marishes.

But Carantius vnderstanding all the maner of his enimies by his espials, and being in campe within ten miles of them or thereabout, in the same night he raised his field without anie great brute, and by the leading of certeine guides he marched streight toward the place where Bassianus was incamped, so that anon after the spring of the day he came thither: whereof Bassianus being aduertised, and perceiuing he should haue battell, maketh readie for the same, giuing the best exhortation he could vnto his people to plaie the men: but forsomuch as the most part of his armie were Britains, all his words nothing auailed: for they desirous to sée the vtter ruine of all the Romane power, euen at the verie point when the The Britains betray the Romans. battels should haue ioined, withdrew themselues apart without anie stroke striken, and got them vp into the next mounteins, to see what would insue. The residue of the Romane armie, seeing themselues thus forsaken of their fellowes, and their sides left bare and open for the enimie to enter vpon them, fell to plaine running away, but by reason of the The Romans are discōfited. marish ground compassing them in on each side, seruing well to purpose for the Scots, and other the confederates, a great number of the Romans, and other of their part were The slaughter of the Romans. ouertaken and slaine. Amongst whome Bassianus himselfe was one, and Hircius the emperors procurator an other.

The Britains (who as is said refused to fight in the beginning of the battell) yéelded The Britains yéeld themselues vnto Carantius. themselues vnto Carantius, and sware to be his true liege men and subiects. In like maner Carantius appointed all such of the nobilitie as were betwixt twentie yéeres and thréescore, to remaine with him in hostage: but the spoile of the field he diuided amongest his people equallie, so that as well the Scotishmen and Picts, as also his owne souldiers held them well contented and satisfied therewith. After this victorie Carantius caused himselfe to be Carantius or Carausius, as Eutropius nameth him, vsurpeth the kingdome of Britaine. proclamed king of Britaine, vsurping the gouernment therof wholie to himselfe, and reteining two thousand of the Scots and Picts to attend vpon the safegard of his person, sent the residue home laden with riches of the enimies spoile. He sent also with them his ambassadors, to render thanks vnto both the kings for their aid in this so prosperous a victorie, assigning vnto them as a portion of the conquest, the countries of Westmerland and Carantius hauing got the victorie, diuideth the gaine in assigning to his cōfederats their due portions. Cumberland, with all that region which lay betwixt Adrians wall, and the citie of Yorke, to inioy as their owne proper patrimonie for euermore. Finallie the said Carantius was slaine by his companion Alectus, as in the English historie ye may find more at large.

After this, Crathlint king of Scots deliuered from troubles against the Romans, deuised sundrie good ordinances for the quiet state of the Scotish common-wealth causing the peace to be diligentlie obserued betwixt him and the Picts. Also in his daies the persecution of The persecution of the christians by Dioclesian. the christians chanced, which the emperour Dioclesian commanded to be executed in most furious wise, so that there were few partes of the world (where anie christians were knowne to inhabit) that tasted not of that his cruell ordinance and scourge in that behalfe. In Britaine also, as well as in other places, there was no small quantitie of innocent bloud shed, with most vnmercifull murther committed, to the great triumph of Christs crosse, that glorious ensigne of our religion.

In which time Constantius Chlorus father to Constantine the great, was resident in Britaine, who adiudging the Scots to be a people wholie giuen to pillage and sláughter, as they were in déed, determined with himselfe to haue brought them to subiection. But yer he could atchiue any notable enterprise, he died, leauing behind him the fame of a right gentle and woorthie prince, sauing that in one point he sore stained his honor, for that he was one of the chiefe that persecuted the christian flocke vnder Dioclesian, forcing no small number of Constantius persecuteth the christians. Manie of the Britains flée to the Scots to auoid persecution. the faithfull amongst the Britains, to flée vnto the Scots and Picts to auoid his persecution. Whome Crathlint receiued for his part most louinglie, and assigned vnto them (as the Scots say) the Ile of Man for a place of habitation, destroieng all such temples of the heathens religion belonging to the Druides, which had continued there since the begining; and vtterlie abolished all the superstitious rites and customes of the same Druides, with their whole order Crathlint destroieth the temples of the false gods in Man. The fist bishops sée in Scotland. Sodorensis ecclesia. Crathlint departeth out of this world. and brotherhood. He erected a temple there, which hée dedicated vnto Iesus Christ our sauiour, wherein the christians might celebrate their diuine seruice, according to their profestion. This church being richlie indowed, was the first bihops sée amongst the Scots, and therevpon was taken for the mother church of the realme. It is now called the church of saint Sauiour. Finallie Crathlint departed out of this life, after he had reigned 24 yéeres, being much praised aswell for his politike gouernement, as for his great and earnest zeale which he bare toward the aduancement of the true christian religion.

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