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DONALD.

IN his place succeeded his brother Donald, a prince of a farre contrarie nature and conditions, for he was free, courteous, and without all deceit, more righteous than rigorous, and afore all things desirous that peace and concord might prosper among his subiects. Neither
Donald studieth to reduce his subiects vnto all ciuilitie. Lucius king of Britaine dieth. bare he with offendors, but such as were disobedient against the lawes and wholsome ord nances of the realme he caused to be dulie punished: finallie he tooke such order for reformation of things, that he reduced his subiects as it had beene from a wild and sauage rudenesse, vnto a perfect ciuill trade of humanitie. About the same time Lucius king of the Britains being dead, the Romans perceiuing that a kings authoritie among the Britains, did nothing else but diminish the maiestie of the imperiall iurisdiction amongst them, determined not to suffer any more of the British nation to inioy that title.

This thing mooued the Britains to such indignation, that by procurement of one Fulgentius, diuers of them rebelled, and choosing the same Fulgentius to their generall, they directed a The Britains rebell and choose one Fulgentius to their captein, who sendeth for aid vnto the Scotishmen. messenger with letters vnto Donald king of the Scots, requiring him to ioine with them in league against their ancient enimies the Romans, whose endeuor (as he knew) had euer béene from time to time, how to bring the whole Iland vnder their subiection, and to extinguish all the nobilitie and ancient inhabitors of the same: adding furthermore, that if he would now put to his helping hand, the time neuer serued better for the dispatching of them wholie out of the Ile, considering the sundrie rebellions attempted as well by the people of Germanie and France, as also of the easterlie nations and countries.

Donald receiued the messenger most friendlie, and being glad to vnderstand of these newes, he promised to aid Fulgentius with all the power he was able to make, and to méet him at Donald promiseth to aid Fulgentius. The Britains come to Adrians wall, and pull it downe to let in the Scots. The Scotish men & Picts come to the aid of the Britains. such daie and place as he should afterward appoint. The like answer was made also by the king of Picts, vnto whome in semblable wise Fulgentius had directed his letters. Thus the Britains (being confirmed with hope of great aid from the Scots and Picts) assembling their host togither, resorted vnto the wall of Adrian, which they ouerthrew in diuers places, that their friends might haue the more frée accesse and entrie vnto them by the same. Neither were the Scots and Picts slow for their part to make forward: so that they likewise comming thither, holpe to throw down that wall, and to fill vp the trench or ditch that went alongst the same.

This doone, ioining their powers togither, they passed forth towards Yorke, in hope to The Scots and Picts inuade the Britains. The Scots helpe the Britains to spoile their owne countrie. haue found the Romane lieutenant Trebellius within that citie and to haue besieged him therein: but hauing knowledge how he was withdrawne into Kent, there to gather a power, they left their purpose of besieging that citie, and fell to spoiling & harrieng of the countrie abroad on euerie side, constreining the most part of the people to come in and yéeld themselues vnder their obeisance. Thus they continued in passing from one quarter of the countrie to another, till winter inforced them to breake vp their campe, and to licence the souldiers to depart home into their countries, till they had new summons to assemble and meet againe.

In this meane time Trebellius certified the emperor Seuerus of all this trouble and rebellion Trebellius certifieth the emperor of the state of Britaine. in Britaine: whervpon hé with all spéed leuied an armie, & set forward with the same himselfe in person toward Britaine, as in the English historie more plainlie may appéere. At his comming into Britaine, he slacked no time, but assembling his power, prepared to go against the enimies. Fulgentius doubting the force of his enimie, sent ambassadors vnto him to treat for peace, but Seuerus would not grant to anie, wherevpon Fulgentius confirmed the Fulgentius incourageth the Britains to sticke vnto their begun enterprise. minds of the Britains with all comfortable words, in the best wise he could, exhorting them to sticke to their necessarilie begun enterprise, for recouerie of their long wished libertie, which he doubted not, but by vanquishing the emperor at that present they should assuredlie atteine: and as for victorie, he was in no doubt, so that they would plucke their harts vnto them, and trie it forth manfullie by dint of sword, like fellowes and brethren knit in one faithfull band of trustie concord, considering the enimies armie being gathered of so manie sundrie nations & languages that consent in one opinion, the cheefest meane for the obteining of victory must néeds be wanting among them.

The Britains mooued herewith, promised him to liue and die in the quarrell. Wherevpon he tooke aduise with them, which waie to mainteine themselues against Seuerus, of whose comming they were alreadie certified. For Seuerus hauing dispatched the British ambassadors from him, set incontinentlie forward towards Yorke, leauing his yoongest sonne Geta in the Seuerus setteth foorth towards his enimies. Seuerus commeth to Yorke. south parts to haue the gouernance of the same in his absence. His eldest sonne Antoninus he tooke with him in his iournie against his enimies. At his comming to Yorke, he did sacrifice to the gods, according to the Ethnish custome, & also tooke aduise with his capteins how to procéed in his enterprise against his enimies.

This doone he marcheth forth with his armie towards them, who being alreadie ioined with the Scots and Picts, were determined to abide him, insomuch that those of the one side came no sooner in sight of the other, but that they hasted foorth to ioine togither in battell, whereof Seuerus is in countred by his enimies. insued great slaughter betwixt them, though the British part (notwithstanding their aid of Scots and Picts) were not able long to endure against the great multitude and practised skill of the Romane souldiers, so that in the end they were opened perforce and put to flight with the Fulgentius is put to flight and his armie discomfited. losse of thirtie thousand, what of Britains, Scotishmen and Picts.

Fulgentius himselfe, seeing the discomfiture and huge slaughter made of his people, had runne in amongst the thickest prease of his enimies, had not those that were about him led him awaie by force, and so at length he got him amongst the troops of the Scotishmen and Picts, and togither with them passed ouer Tine, and so into the borders of his friends where he got Fulgentius withdraweth into Pictland. togither such souldiers as he could, that had escaped from the battell, and reteined them with wages so well as he might, in hope vpon occasion to imploie them eftsoones against his enimies. The Scots also sent into Ireland for aid, and the Picts into Denmarke and Norwaie. Such of the British nobilitie as fell into the hands of the Romans, Seuerus punished most gréeuouslie, but the commons he vsed more gentlie, as it were making excuse for them being procured thereto by their capteins. After this, when winter was come, he appointed his men of warre to draw vnto places conuenient for them to lodge in, till the next spring. He himselfe Seuerus wintereth at Yorke. wintered at Yorke.

In the next summer there was little doone worthie to be spoken of, but that there were certeine skirmishes betwixt the Romans lieng on the borders, and the Scots and Picts, euer as occasion serued, either of the parties to worke any exploit for their aduantage. But forsomuch as the Scots had no aid sent them foorth of Ireland, they were not minded to ieopard againe in a foughten field, supposing it sufficient if they might defend their owne, though they gained nothing as then, considering the puissance that was readie bent against them. At length Seuerus fell sicke at Yorke, and his son Antoninus lieng on the borders beyond Tine, caused Seuerus sickneth. The wall is repared. the wall afore mentioned, diuiding the Britains from the Scots and Picts, to be repared. This wall was built (as is before recited) first by Adrian the emperor, to staie the Scotishmen from inuading the lands apperteining to the subiects of the Romane empire, & after ouerthrowne in diuers places as well by Scots and Picts, as by the Britains, in sort as before is partlie mentioned. Antoninus caused it to be fortified with bastilions, one placed so néere to another, as trumpets being appointed in each of them, the sound might be heard betwixt to warne one another vpon the first descrieng of the enimies approch.

Finallie Seuerus dieth, though not so soone as his son Antoninus wished, in hope after him Seuerus dieth. Antoninus in hope to be emperor concludeth a peace with the enimies. to atteine the imperiall dignitie. Concluding therefore a leage with the Scotishmen and Picts, and granting peace to Fulgentius, and other such British rebels as were fled with him into Pictland, he receiued sufficient pledges, and then returned towards London, where his mother with his brother Geta as then laie. Shortlie after both the brethren departed forth of the Ile, & went to Rome, as in the historie of England it appeereth. But now to returne vnto Donald the Scotish king, ye shall vnderstand, that being deliuered of forren trouble, he Donald studious to mainteine his subiects in peace and concord. studied chéeflie how to preserue his people in good peace and perfect tranquillitie. Which mind our Sauiour Christ the author of all peace and concord had giuen vnto him, being latelie afore conuerted vnto the true faith from his wicked paganisme and heathenish idolatrie.

For as we find in Hector Boetius, in the daies of the aboue said emperor Seuerus, he sent Donald conuerted vnto christian beléefe in the daies of the emperor Seuerus. a messenger with letters vnto pope Victor (Zepherinus saith Harison) being the 15 in number, as they saie, after saint Peter, declaring vnto him that he was fullie minded to receiue the christian religion, and vtterlie to forsake the superstitious seruice of the heathenish gods, and therefore instantlie required him to send ouer into Scotland some godlie learned men, to instruct him in the right beléefe. The pope hearing this, and being glad to increase the faith of Christ through all parts of the world, sent with all spéed into Scotland such well disposed persons as he thought most méet for that purpose, who at their arriuall there, did their endeuour in such diligent sort, that not onelie the king, but also through his example a great number of the nobilitie were baptised, and cleerelie forsooke their former errors and idolatrie. The Scotish men receiued the faith in the yéere of our Sauiour 203. 5399 H. B. 533 H. B. This was in the yeare after the birth of our sauiour 203, from the creation of the world 4170, & after the first erection of the Scotish kingdome 330, as W. Harison in his chronologie dooth manifestlie confirme.

Moreouer this Donald was the first as the Scotish chronicles alledge, that caused siluer and gold to be coined in his realme. The stampe which he deuised for the same, was a crosse on the one side, and his face on the other. Before that time the Scots vsed no coine, but either exchanged and bartered ware for ware, either else occupied with British and Romane monie, as diuers marble chests full of the same which haue béene found of late yeeres in sundrie parts of Scotland doo verie well witnesse. Finallie K. Donald in the 21 yeare of his reigne departed Donald departeth out of this world. 216 H. B. out of this life, and was buried according to the maner of our christian religion, without any heathenish ceremonies.

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