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DONGARD.

BUT forsomuch as Eugenius left no issue behind him, his brother named Dongard succéed
Dongard king of Scots. 461. H. B. The studie of Dongard for preseruation of iustice and good orders. The reparing of castels by K. Dongard. in the estate. He began his reigne in the yéere 470, and his chéefest studie was, according to his brothers example, to prouide for the maintenance of good orders and iustice, appointing in euerie quarter men of good fame and report to haue the administration vnder him, with commandement that they should diligentlie forsée, that euerie man might inioy his owne. He himselfe tooke vpon him also to see to the reparing of such castels as were decaied, and to the building vp of new in places where he thought most expedient, speciallie néere to the British borders, for he well considered that peace increased riches, riches pride and presumption, with other sinnes, which could not long indure without the plague of wars. Therefore he doubting the changes of scornefull fortune, thought good in time of peace to prouide for the dangers of warre, when the same should happen vnto him.

These ciuill policies and princelie prouisions for defense of his countrie and subiects increased the fame of Dongard mightilie, but that which he did towards the aduancement of religion did most excéedinglie set foorth his commendation. First, all such religious men as followed the trade of life taught by Paladius and others, which came with him from Rome, he caused them to be highlie reuerenced: and for the maintenance of their liuing, he assigned foorth The bountious liberalitie of Dongard towards churchmen. lands, houses, and other kinds of reuenues in diuers places of his realme, and granted not onelie vnto them, but also vnto all other, being within anie orders of clergie, sundrie priuileges, appointing that the churches & abbeies with other holie places should be infranchised and taken for sanctuaries, that all such as fled to the same for safegard of their liues, should Sanctuaries. be suffered to rest in peace, so long as they kept them within the same.

About the same time also, and whilest these things were thus a dooing in Scotland, the Britains being awearied of their seruile estate, through the setting on of Conanus, conspired together, and tooke aduise by what meanes they might best séeke to deliuer themselues from the thraldome of Scots and Picts, and vpon aduise taken they concluded to send ouer into Britaine Armorike some honorable ambassage vnto Androenus the king of that countrie for The Britains send into Britaine Armorike for aid. aid. Héerewith was the archbishop of London appointed as chiefe ambassador to go on that message, which archbishōp vsed such diligence in the matter, that Constantine the sonne of the said Androenus was appointed by his father with a competent power of men to go Aid sent into Britaine from the Armorike Britains. ouer into great Britaine to the aid of the British inhabitants there. Héerevpon, when the men & ships with all necessarie prouision were once readie, he imbarked at Saint Malo, where the assemblie was made, and taking the sea, sailed foorth with prosperous wind and weather, which brought him safelie into great Britaine, where he landed at Totnes in Deuonshire, as you shall find in the chronicles of England. He was receiued with no small ioy, and Constantine proclamed king of Britaine. foorthwith proclamed king of Britine, wherevpon he promised to assaie to the vttermost of his power to recouer againe their whole lands and liberties, and to mainteine them in the same according to their wished desires.

For the more speedie accomplishment héereof, commandement was first giuen, that all The assemblie of the British armie. able men should be in a readinesse, and come togither at a place appointed neere to the riuer of Humber within fortie daies after. Which order being taken by the aduise of the lords and nobles of the realme, the same was put in execution with such diligence, that few or none being apt to beare armor, withdrew themselues, euerie man in manner comming to the appointed place of the assemblie, and offering to go against the enimies, so that it The great earnestnes of the Britains to recouer their libertie. was a woonder to consider the consent of the people now ioined in one mind and will to recouer their former libertie. When Constantine beheld such notable numbers of men, he supposed the same would haue sufficed not onelie to vanquish the Scots and Picts, but also vtterlie to destroie & race them out of all the confines of Albion.

When the newes of all this preparation for warres which the Britains made, was once signified to the Scots and Picts, they likewise made their apprestes to meet with them in the The Scots and Picts make their apprests. The Scots and Picts approch néere to the Britains. field, and therevpon raising their powers, came foorth with the same into Yorkeshire, and pitched their camps within foure miles where Constantine with his people was lodged, and the next day after, vnderstanding how néere vnto the enimie they were, they raised and marched forwards till they came within sight of him, as then incamped with his people aloft vpon certeine hils, néere to the aforesaid riuer side. Here both the kings of Scots and Picts lodging with their armies for that night, made readie for battell against the next day, and in the morning Dongard the Scotish king getting him to a little hill, called his men togither, & there exhorted them by sundrie comfortable means of persuasion to put awaie all Dongard exhorteth his people to fight manfullie. feare, and to fight valiantly, assuring them of victorie if they would kéepe the order of battell by him appointed, and not rashlie breake foorth of the same in following vpon the enimies when they fell to retiring backe.

He had scarse made an end of his woords, but that diuerse of the standing watch came in, and declared how the Britains began to auale the hils where they had lodged, and that the Picts were got foorth alreadie in order of battell, and were marching forwards to incounter them. Dongard shewing himselfe to be right ioifull of these newes, commanded incontinentlie, that the standards should aduance foorth, and euerie man to attend the same according to his appointed order. Also that no man should presume to take anie prisoner before the end of the battell, nor to yéeld himselfe so long as life lasted. So that ioining with his enimies, there followed a verie fierce and cruell battell. At length both the wings The wings of the British armie are put backe. of the Britains gaue backe from the Scotishmen & Picts, the middle ward abiding the brunt verie stoutlie. Where Constantine himselfe stood like a valiant chieftaine, dooing his endeuour to the vttermost of his power, vpon whome Dongard earnestlie preassing, and entring into the thickest throng of his enimies, was there beaten downe amongst the Armorike Dongard is slaine. Britains, and being about to get vp againe by helpe of his weapon, was againe felled to the earth, and slaine with manie a sore wound.

Diuers of the Scots discomfited with this great mishap, fell to running awaie: other kindled with more wrath laid about them more egerlie. The Picts also, for their part fought most constantlie, so that the battell, continuing vntill noone daie with doubtfull successe, at length the Britains were constreined something to giue backe, & after taking The Britains are put to flight. themselues to fearfull flight, declared that the victorie remained with their enimies. There died in this mortall battell néere to the point of 16 thousand of the Britains, and of the Scots & Picts aboue 14 thousand, with Dongard and the Scotish king. Constantine the day next after the battell, withdrew southwards. The Scots carried away with them the corps of their dead king, and conueieng it into the Ile of Iona, now called Colmekill, there buried it in kinglie wise. Dongard was thus slaine, in the fift yéere of his reigne, after the birth 465. H. B. 8. of Leo. H. B. of our Sauior 475 yeeres, and about the second yéere of Zeno the emperor.

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