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EDERUS.

AFTER the decease of Ewin, Ederus was, in maner before expressed, receiued for king by the whole assent of all the Scotishmen. Whose chéefe delight was altogither in hunting and kéeping of hounds and greihounds, to chase and pursue wild beasts, and namelie the woolfe the heardmans fo, by meanes whereof his aduancement was much more acceptable amongst the nobles, who in those daies were wholy giuen to that kind of pleasure and pastime. In the beginning of his reigne there was no trouble towards, the publike state of the realme being mainteined by vpright iustice, and all transgressions through terror of due punishment politikelie repressed.

The first that went about to put him to any notable trouble, was one Bredus of the Iles, Bredus inuadeth the Scots. néere of kin to Gillus that vsurper and murtherer, who with a power of Irishmen, and other of the westerne Iles landed in Argile, wasting & spoiling the countrie with fire & sword, wherof Ederus being aduertised (who was at the same time in those parts hunting amongst the mounteins) gathered an armie with all spéed, and hasting to the place where his enimies Ederus burneth his enimies ships. ships laie at anchor, he first burned the same, to take awaie all meanes from them to escape by flight. The morning next following he did set vpon them also at vnwares: of whom some he slue, and the residue being taken, either in the fight or chase by his commandement were hanged, and cruellie executed to the example of all others.

After this, he passed ouer into the westerne Iles, where he did execution vpon such as had aided Bredus, putting some to death, and causing other to fine at his pleasure, and depriuing some vtterlie of all that euer they had. At his returne againe into Scotland, there Cassibilane king of the Britains requireth of the Scotishmen aid against the Romans. met him ambassadors sent from Cassibilane king of the Britains, requiring him of aid against Iulius Cesar, who (as the same king had perfect vnderstanding) was appointed verie shortlie to passe the seas from France, ouer into this Ile, with a mightie power of Romans, to subdue the inhabitants vnto the seigniorie and iurisdiction of Rome.

Ederus receiued these ambassadors verie courteouslie: and forsomuch as their maisters Androgeus chéefe ambassador of the Britains declareth the effect of his message. request required counsell, he caused his lords which were then present, to assemble togither the next daie, afore whome he willed that Androgeus, cheefe of the British ambassadors, should declare the effect of his message, which he did so eloquentlie, and vttering such sensible matter, how it stood the Scotishmen vpon to aid the Britains against such common enimies to all nations as the Romans were, that in the end it was concluded by the king, with the aduise of his nobles, that he should not onlie send a power to aid the Britains against the Romans, but also send some of his lords with Androgeus and his associats vnto Gethus king The Scots grant to aid the Britains against the Romans. of the Picts, to mooue him to doo the like: who hearing how reasonable their demands were, promised further to accomplish the same.

Thus the British ambassadors hauing sped according to their desires, repaired homewards: immediatlie vpon whose departure, both the kings Ederus & Gethus leuied their armies, & sent them foorth towards London, whereas then Cassibilane soiourned. I find that the Scors were ten thousand men vnder the leading of Cadallane gouernor of Galloway, the sonne of Cadallane & Douald with ten thousand Scotishmen send to aid the Britains. 5139 H. B. 60 H. B. Cadall before remembred, and one Douald gouernor of Argile. But what successe followed of this first iournie which Cesar made into Britaine, ye shall find the same in the historie of England more at length expressed. The yéere that lulius Cesar came to inuade Britaine, was the fourth of Ederus his reigne, from the creation of the world 3912 complet, which is after Maister Harisons account 54 before the comming of our Sauiour, and 692 after the building of Rome.

The Scotishmen and Picts hauing their part of the spoile which the Romans at their departure left behind them, were sent home to their countries with great thanks and rewards for their pains, but the Briains were so exalted in pride by the departure of the Romans, that they beléeued verelie they shuld haue no more to doo with those enimies, or if they had they thought themselues strong inough to repell them without aid of other. By meanes wherof when king-Ederus was informed how the Romans prepared to inuade them afresh, and had sent them word thereof, offering to them his aid: they made no account of that The Britains refuse aid being offered them. offer, but answered that it was not necessarie, for euerie light inuasion of forren enimies, to séeke helpe at other mens hands, being of puissance sufficient of themselues to resist the same well inough.

But of this refusall of so friendlie an offer, it was not long yer the Britains sore repented them. For shortlie after Iulius Cesar with a farre greater power than that which he brought Iulius Cesar inuadeth this land the second time. The Britains are ouerthrowne. with him at the first time, landed here in this Ile amongst them againe: and being at thrée sundrie times fiercelie incountred by king Cassibilane, at length he put the same Cassibilane with his Britains to flight, slaieng and taking a great number of them. Amongst other of the prisoners were thrée of their cheefest capteins, Androgeus, Cisentoriges, and Tenantius. By reason of which ouerthrow Cassibilane was so discouraged, that doubting further mischéefe, he yéelded himselfe vnto Cesar, accepting such conditions of peace as were appointed him, and for performance of couenants, deliuered sufficient pledges.

Cesar hauing thus conquered the Britains, sent his ambassadors vnto the kings of the Iulius Cesar his message to the Scots and Picts. Scotishmen and Picts, requiring them to submit themselues as Cassibilane had doone, or else he bad them looke for open warres at the Romans hands, which they might assure themselues they should in no wise be able to susteine, considering their mightie and huge puissance, hauing the most part of the whole world at their commandement alreadie. The answer of the Scots and Picts vnto Cesar his ambassadors. Wherevnto aswell the one king as the other made this or much-what the like answer, that they were bent sooner to lose their liues than their libertie. Which their resolution, if they were put to the triall, should be euidentlie prooued by the déed it selfe.

Cesar hauing receiued this answer from these two nations, he sendeth new messengers Cesar sendeth new messengers vnto the Scots and Picts, but they spéed much like to the former. vnto them with a more rough message, who not onlie by threats but also by great reasons went about to persuade them vnto submission. But they persisting in their former opinion for defense of their liberties, and vtterlie refusing all maner of bondage, would incline by no meanes to come in any bond of fréendship with the Romans. After the returne of these last messengers, Cesar was fullie resolued to enter into their countries, to force them vnto that by dint of sword, wherevnto by treatie he might not induce them: and had set forward on that iournie shortlie after indéed, if he had not béene called backe into France, to pacifie sundrie commotions there raised by the reuolting of the people inhabiting in those countries, where the Picards and Normans, with other the inhabitants néere about Chartres doo now dwell.

The common Scotish chronicles record, how Iulius Cesar came as far as Kalendar wood, Kalendar or Caledon wood. This cannot be true, for Cesar came not néer Scotland, as in the historie of England it appéereth. and there wan by force the citie of Camelon, where the Pictish kings vsed most to soiourne. Herevnto the same chronicles adde, that Cesar builded a great stonehouse of 24 cubits in heigth, & of 12 cubits in bredth, of square hewen stones, right workemanlie framed, which house they saie Cesar caused to be vsed in steed of a iudgement hall, and here placed it néere the riuer of Caron, ouer against the forenamed citie of Camelon, as a witnesse that the Romans armie had béene so far forward within that countrie. Such an house there remaineth to be séene euen vnto this daie, and is called Iulius hoff, that is Iulius hall, or Iulius court. Iulius hoff. Howbeit, other more agréeable to the likeliehood of a truth, write that this house was sometimes a temple builded to the honor of Claudius Cesar, and of the goddes Victoria, by the Romane capteine Vespasian, at such time as he made wars in that countrie, before his aduancement to the empire.

But to returne vnto Ederus. About the same time, in which he looked to be inuaded by Iulius Cesar and the Romans, and for that purpose had sent for them of the westerne Iles to reinforce his host, he was now inforced to conuert it another waie, for there was one Murketus, Murketus nephue vnto Gillus inuadeth the westerne Iles. nephue vnto the aboue remembred Gillus, that came with a nauie out of Ireland to rob and spoile those Iles, being destitute as then of men to resist him. But Ederus hearing thereof, dispatched Cadallanus with an armie into those parties for defense of his subiects: which Cadallanus behaued himselfe so politikelie in this exploit, that setting vpon the enimies as they laie at anchor, he tooke them in the night season, without making any great defense, and after hanged them vp along the shore side within the Ile of Gowre: Murket himself being Murket is hanged with manie more. 48 H. B. 26 H. B. honored with an higher place to hang in than all the rest, as due to him that was their chéefe head and leader in that voiage. The remnant of Ederus his reigne passed without anie other notable trouble: and so after he had reigned 38 yeeres, he deceased a verie old man, about the 23 yeare of the empire of Augustus Cesar. He was buried also at Dunstafage with all due pompe & solemnitie, hauing diuers obelisks (as the custome then was) erected Ederus departeth this life. and set vp about the place where he was so intumulate.

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