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THIS Gregorie being knowne to be a man woorthie of the roome, though he himselfe onlie was against it, at length by persuasion receiued the inuesture of the kingdome at Scone, with all due solemnitie. Ethus hearing thereof, through anguish of mind died within thrée daies after, in the second yeere of his reigne, and 876, after the birth of our Sauiour. There be
876. H. B. 875. Io. Ma. that write how he was strangled inprison by Dongall his procurement, least by aduenture he might haue béene restored vnto libertie, and withall haue made claime to the crowne againe. Gregorie being thus established in the estate, considering that the suertie of all realmes rested in the hands of the diuine maiestie, to begin his gouernment with some luckie enterprise, caused a conuocation to be holden at Forfair, for the aduancement of Christs religion: where A conuocation of the eleŕgie. Priests are frée of all tribute. amongst other things, it was ordeined, that priests from thencefoorth (to the end they might more freelie attend to their vocation) should be exempt from paieng of tribute and all maner of exactions. Also that they should not be constreined to go vnto the warres, neither to come They should not be called to serue in the warres. Authoritie giuen vnto bishops to order kings. before anie temporall iudges, but onlie before their ordinaries and bishops, by whome they should be iudged in all causes. The same ordinaries and bishops should also haue authoritie to order all men, both publike and priuate, aswell for the kéeping of faith giuen, as to constreine them to confirme the same, and to punish such as should be found in the contrarie; likewise in causes of controuersie touching matrimonie, tithes, testaments, legacies, and such like: moreouer the correcting of those that blaspheme either God or his saints.

Heretikes and necromancers, with other the like offendors against the lawes and articles of the christian religion, was assigned vnto the bishops and their substituts, so that all those which were found disobedient vnto them, and refused to be at their commandement, they should haue authoritie to excommunicate them out of the church, and from companie kéeping with anie of the cōgregation, so as they that were thus excommunicated, should be depriued of all abilitie to inioy anie inheritance or right to lands or possessions whatsoeuer they were. Neither should they be accepted as a witnesse in anie maner of cause, neither beare anie office or rule in the common wealth. This Gregorie also (as is said) was the first author of that When the Scotish kings first began to promise by eth to mainteine the libertie of the church. ordinance, by the which the Scotish kings at their coronation vse of ancient custome to vow by solemne oth, that during their liues, they shall mainteine and defend the church with his ministers, in all ancient liberties and priuileges, and not to suffer anie man to hurt or infringe the same.

There was suerlie in this Gregorie a certeine naturall inclination to vertue, with such King Gregorie was giuen wholie vnto godlinesse. King Greogorie was neuer maried. He was sober. He made an expedition into fife. The Picts fled into Louthian. aduisednesse in all his woords, that he vttered few or none but that the same séemed to be spoken with verie great consideration. He was neuer maried, but continued in chastitie all his life time. Of meate & drinke he was verie spare, delighting in all kind of sobrietie, more watchfull than giuen to sléepe. But his fame increased most for his mainteining of iustice and ciuill administration concerning the state of the common-wealth, not omitting the practise of warre, where necessitie required. The first expedition which he tooke in hand, he made into Fife, to recouer that countrie to the crowne of Scotland. At whose entrance into the same, the Picts, whome the Danes had left in those parties at their departure thence, being striken with feare to fall into the hands of the Scots their ancient enimies, fled foorthwith into Louthian, leauing Fife in manner void, and without anie that would offer to defend it against the Scots.

Wherevpon Gregorie so finding it desolate of inhabitants, sent for people out of other parts The king set inhabitants in Fife. He subdued Louthian. of his realme, appointing them dwellings in that countrie as he thought most expedient. This doone he passed into Louthian, where taking the fortresses and places of defense, some by force, and some by surrender, he easilie reduced that countrie into his subiection, so that within a few daies, hauing there all at his pleasure, he camevnto Berwike, where there were agreat The Danes and Picts ioine themselues toguher. number of Danes ioined togither with the Picts, as men not minding to flee anie further, but to fight with the Scots euen there, if they should come forward vpon them. But when they saw whatnumber the Scots were of, and héerewith doubting the Englishmen to come on their backs if the matter went not well with them; they thought it best that such Danes as were of anie great reputation of nobilitie, should withdraw into Berwike before the enimies were at hand, and the residue to passe ouer Twéed into Northumberland, there to ioine with other Danes that in They fled into Northumberland. The Danish nobilitie fled into Berwike. those parties were latelie arriued.

But the Englishmen within Berwike, abhorring nothing more than to be vnder subiection of the Danes, in the euening after the receiuing of the Danish nobles into their towne, deliuered it togither with their ghests vnto the Scotishmen, who suffering the Englishmen at their pleasure either to go their waies with all their goods, or to remaine still in their houses, slue The Danes are slaine in Berwike. the Danes, without sparing either man, woman, or child. Then leauing a strong garrison of Scotishmen within Berwike, Gregorie marched foorth with the residue of his people into Northumberland, to vnite that countrie to other of his dominions that bordered vpon the same.

In those parties at that selfe time there were two armies lodged in the fields, the one of Danes not far from Yorke, vnder the leading of one Herdunt, who had latelie taken and sacked that citie, and the other of Englishmen that laie 20 miles off from the said Danes. Herdunt hearing of the slaughter which the Scots had made of his countriemen at Berwike, Herdunt threatned the Scots. threatned sore that he would not leaue a man aliue of the Scotish race within anie part of the confines of Albion. Which vow manie of the companie, following their capteins example, likewise made. Shortlie after, hearing of their enimies approch, the whole host (by The Danes prepare to the battell. The Scots egerlie inuade their enimies. commandement of Herdunt) issued foorth of their campe to giue battell.

Héere the Scotish king standing with his people in order of battell, had thought to haue vsed some comfortable speech vnto them, thereby to incourage them to fight: but such hast was made by the Scots to preasse vpon their enimies, that he saw it more needfull to take héed to the ordering of them in perfect araie, than to stand about to exhort them, whome he saw readie inough of their owne accord to fight. Therefore he said no more vnto them, as he King Gregorie his saieng to the souldiers. went amongst the ranks, but onelie willed them to remember how cruellie Constantine their king was sometime murthered, after he had yéelded himselfe prisoner to these enimies, with whome they should now ioine.

The Scots héerevpon running to the battell with no lesse stoutnesse of mind than violent force, gaue their enimies scarse space to charge their weapons, but bare them downe with long speares and iauelins, and withall the bilmen following them made great slaughter on ech side, so that there néeded neither exhortation of capteins, nor diligence of wiflers to keepe them in araie. For the wrathfull stomachs of the souldiers onelie wrought the feat in such sort, The Danes fled to their campe. that the Danes were quicklie put to flight and chased. Those that could not escape to the campe, got them vnto the next mounteins, who chanced vpon better lucke than those that escaped to the campe, for the egernesse of the Scots was such in chasing the enimies, that neither ditch nor rampire could staie them from entring the campe vpon the Danes where they made greater slaughter than they had doone in the field.

The next daie Herdunt goeth about to assemble his men togither againe, being dispersed here Herdunt assembled his men togither. Herdunt went toward Rasin, chiefe generall of the Danes in England. and there; but when he vnderstood how he had lost the more halfe of his whole host he cursed that vnhappie day, and determined to retire vnto Rasin, who as then was capteine generall of all the Danes that were in England. But Herdunt by reason of his wounded men, whome he was faine to carie with him, could not make forward with anie great speed, so that he was scarse fortie miles got foorth on his waie, when woord came to him that Rasin fighting with the Englishmen vnwarilie, at a place called Helcades, chanced to be slaine with a great multitude of his people: and therevnto his head was caried abroad vp and downe the countrie from towne to towne to be séene. By such mishaps the prosperitie of the Danes so much flourishing of late, began now manifestlie to decaie.

Herdunt although he was not a little discouraged therewith, yet he chose foorth a plot Herdunt remained in campe. of ground most meet for his purpose, where he determined to abide in campe, till he might vnderstand what the Danes in other places were minded to doo. But Gregorie king of Scots, hauing thus expelled the Danes foorth of Northumberland, brought that countrie vnder his King Gregorie suffered the inhabitants of Northumberland to inioy their lands King Gregorie wintered a Berwike. King Gregorie prepared an armie against the Britains. subiection: neuerthelesse he permitted the inhabitants to inioy all their possessions still, onelie receiuing of them in name of souereigntie a yéerelie tribute. So that within a few daies after, he brake vp his armie, and went himselfe into Berwike, where he remained all the winter season in consultation with his nobles about the publike affaires of the realme.

In the beginning of the next summer, he prepared againe for warre, and raising an armie, be purposed to make a iournie against the Britains, who held (as before ye haue heard) a great part of Scotland. But he was not driuen to vse anie force in this warre: for the Britains being vexed afore this time with warre by the Danes, had compounded with them for an huge summe of monie to haue truce for twentie yéeres space: but the Danes without regard to their promise, shortlie after (with a greater power than at the first) entered into the British borders, renewing the warre so fiercelie, that albeit their force was sore enféebled, by reason of the two last ouerthrowes; yet the Britains doubting the woorst, feared to incounter with them, and therefore after consultation had, they thought it best to assaie if they might happilie allure the Scots, of their enimies to become their friends. Héerevpon sending vnto the The Britains send to king Gregorie. Scotish king an herald, they require to ioine with them in armes against the Danes, common enimies to both their countries, promising that if they would so doo, they would willinglie ren der into his hands all such possessions which they held at anie time belonging vnto the Scotish kingdome.

Gregorie weieng with himselfe how necessarie this friendship should be, not onelie to the King Gregorie his consideration. publike weale of all the whole land of Albion, but also of the good suertie and aduancement of Christes religion, whereof the Danes were greeuous aduersaries (for this he thought, that if Scots, Englishmen, and Britains did ioine in one, and knit themselues togither in aiding each other, there was no nation in the world that they néeded to feare) he consented vnto the request of the Britains, and so accepting their offer, he had all those regions which perteined A peace concluded, and lands surrendered to the Scots. sometime to the Scots, and were now in possession of the Britains, surrendered into his hands, and so by this means were the Scotish confines inlarged and extended vnto their owne ancient limits and former bounds.

This dissention and variance being ceassed after this maner, it greatlie reioised the minds of all the inhabitants of this Ile, but contrariwise, the Danes looked for nothing more than present destruction to insue vpon them, if this amitie should continue anie while amongest them enimies. Wherefore they practised sundrie means to breake th' amitie thus remaining betwixt their aduersaries, Scots, Englishmen, and Britains. Wherein they néeded not greatlie to trauell, for within a short time after the conclusion of the same league, the prosperous successe of the Englishmen (which for a season had followed them vnder the conduct and gouernement of their king Alured against the Danes) occasioned the Britains also (hauing now The Britains repent them of the league made with the Scots. no further feare of the Danish puissance) to repent themselues of the league, which they had latelie made with the Scots, so that Constantine, whome a little before they had receiued to be their king after the deceasse of his father, raised a power, and with the same entered into Annandale, to recouer that countrie out of the Scotishmens hands. But hearing in the end that Gregorie was comming with a great armie to succour his subiects, whome the said Britains on each side had sore afflicted, they began to draw backe towards Cumberland with their bootie, thinking there to be in safetie, vntill a time more conuenient.

But king Gregorie coasting the countrie, met with them at Lochmaben, and there gaue The Scots ouerthrow the Britains. them battel, wherein when Constantine perceiued how his people began to shrinke backe, as one hauing more regard to his honor than to the suertie of his life, he rushed foorth into the formost prease, there to succour and relieue his standards: but being compassed about amongest a great companie of his enimies, his chance was there to be slaine with a number of Constantine is slaine. the chiefest rods of all the Briths nation The other multitude séeing the day go thus against them, fied to saue their liues, leauing the victorie so vnto the Scots.

This ouerthrow did put the Britains in danger to haue bin vtterlie ouerrun, what by the Scots on the one side, and Danes ou the other: for as for forren aid to be looked for of the English, they had plaine answer they should haue none, sith they had so vniustlie broken the league concluded with their confederats the Scots, to the great hinderance of the prosperous procéedings of all the inhabitants of this Ile, against their common enimies the Danes. Yet the better to establish the estate of their countrie, and in hope of some recouerie of their former damages; they crowned to their king one Herbert or (as some copies haue) one Hebert the Herbert king of Britaine sent ambassadors to Gregorie. brother of the last Constantine, and herewith sent ambassadours vnto Gregorie king of the Scotishmen to excuse themselues, in that they had so wrongfullie attempted the warres against him and his people, laieng all the fault in Constantine, who against the wils and contrarie to the minds of his subiects, did take vpon him that dishonorable and most infortunat enterprise.

Gregorie hauing heard the message of these ambassadours, for answere declared vnto them, King Gregorie his answere. that he vnderstood well inough, that the Britains now sued for peace vpon no reuerend consideration they had vnto their oths of couenant; but onelie for that they saw how if they should pursue the warre still, they were sure that in the end they should be like to haue the foile: and therefore he was fullie thus resolued, not to conclude anie peace or truce with such disloiall people, till they had resigned ouer into his hands the whole possession of the countries of Gregorie required a resignation of Cumberland and Westmerland. Cumberland and Westmerland, with assurance neuer to pretend anie claime or title vnto those dominions from thenceforth: and herewith for performance of couenants, to render into his hands not onelie the keies of all the townes, castels and fortresses in the same countries, and to auoid quite their waies into Wales to other their countriemen there, but also to deliuer sixtie noble mens sonnes and heires apparant as pledges to remaine with the Scots.

The ambassadours returning home with this message, and reporting it accordinglie vnto their king, when all men had said their aduise, in the end they condescended to conclude a peace with the rehearsed conditions prescribed by the Scotish king, sith they saw no better meane to preserue their nation from present destruction. And thus deliuering the appointed number of pledges, they left the countries of Cumberland and Westmerland void, surrendering Peace was concluded. into the Scotishmens hands the possessions of all the townes, castels and fortresses, and therewith departed into Northwales, where they placed themselues in the countrie betwixt Humf. Lhoid. 870. Conway and the riuer of Dée, out of the which they expelled the Englishmen (that were then in possession thereof) and therewith they erected a kingdome there, which they named Stradcluid, mainteining warres against the Englishmen manie yeares after.

King Gregorie hauing thus inlarged his kingdome, assembled his nobles at Carleill, where he resolued (with their aduise) to follow such good fortune as by Gods prouidence dailie chanced vnto them. Wherevpon it was agréed, that they should go first vnto Yorke to The policie of the Scots to haue taken Yorke. conquere that citie, whilest the Englishmen in Kent were occupied with the Danes that were come thither; so as neither the one nation nor the other could attend to make anie attempt to hinder the Scotishmens enterprise. But in the meane time came ambassadours vnto Gregorie King Alured sent ambassadours vnto king Gregorie. from king Alured, to congratulat his prosperous successe against his enimies the Danes and others. These ambassadours also willed to haue the ancient league betwixt Englishmen and Scots renewed, by which means both their powers might ioine togither against their common enimies, when they should attempt anie wrongfull inuasion.

This request was granted, so that shortlie therevpon peace was established betwixt those Peace confirmed. princes and their people, with confirmation of the old league, whereto were added these articles; That the Scots should inioy possession of Northumberland without anie claime to be New conditions of peace. No passage to be granted vnto the enimie. Punishment of robbers. made to the same by the Englishmen ; If the Danes chanced to inuade either of their dominions, the warre should be accounted as common to them both ; Neither should the Scots grant passage to anie enimie of the Englishmen through Scotland, neither the Englishmen suffer the Scotishmens enimies to passe through England; If anie Englishmen did rob or steale anie thing out of Scotland, that should not breake the league; but the offendors with the receiuers should be deliuered to the Scotish magistrats, to be punished according to the qualitie of the ofense; and the like should be obserued by the Scots towards the Englishmen.

Thus things being quieted with the Englishmen, as Gregorie was about to lay armour aside, Galloway inuaded by the Irish men. word came to him of new troubles forth of Galloway, by reason of an inuasion made by the Irishmen into that countrie. For the Irishmen hauing knowledge that the inhabitants of Galloway had spoiled two ships of Dubline arriuing on their coast, sent ouer a great power of men, the which landing in Galloway, made great slaughter of the people on each side. King Gregorie being aduertised hereof, streitwaies made towards them, but they hauing knowledge of his comming drew to their ships with a great prey of goods and cattels, and returned therewith immediatlie backe into their owne countrie.

Herevpon Gregorie without delaie got togither his ships and followed the enimie with all his armie, and landing in Ireland, put the nobles of that realme in great feare, who as then were in contention togither which of them should haue the gouernement, by reason their king was latelie dead, and had left a sonne behind him being but a child in yéeres, to succéed him in his throne. Some therefore of the wiser sort, and such as tendered the wealth of their countrie, went earnestlie about to agree the parties, but when they saw that it would not be, they did so much preuaile, that a truce was taken betwixt them for a while, least fighting still A truce was taken betwixt the two parties. The two Irishmen gather their powers amongst themselues, they should put their countrie in danger to be ouerrun of the Scots: against whome when they had agréed vpon the foresaid truce, either of the factions raised a power, one Bren being generall of the one, and Cornelius of the other; for these two princes were heads of the parties, betwixt whom the controuersie for the gouernement of the realme rested, and therevpon by consent of the residue had the leading of all them that were of their faction.

These two capteins with their armies incamped themselues vpon the banke of the riuer Two armies one néere the other. The Irishmens practise. Bane, vnder the mounteine called Fute: their camps being seuered by a small distance the one from the other, in such a strong place, that it was not possible for the enimies to approch them without manifest danger to cast away themselues. Their chiefe purpose was to prolong the time here in this place, till they had famished the Scotish armie, and then to deale with them at their pleasure. But the industrious prouision of Gregorie passed the politike deuise of the Irishmen: for he had commanded that euerie one of those Scotishmen, which The Scots had made prouision of vittels afore hand. passed the seas with him, should purueie himselfe of vittels, according to the custome of the countrie, for fiftie daies space, as of bread, chéese, butter, lard, and powdered biefe: as for drinke, they knew they should not néed to care, sith they were sure to find water inough in euerie place where they chanced to come: for as yet filthie & seruile gluttonie had not softned nor inured* with wanton delicacie the warlike natures of the Scotish people.

[* Sic. qu. iniured.] The kings deuise. In the end Gregorie, hauing for certeine daies rested himselfe and his men, and deuising in the meane time which way he might best indamage the enimies; at length concluded to send in the night season two thousand of his souldiors vp to the ridge of the forenamed mounteine called Fute, through the thicke bushes and woods, wherewith the same was couered, to the end that getting to the top of that hill, right ouer where the Irish camps laie, they might in the morning (at what time Gregorie with the rest of the armie went about to assaile his enimies) tumble downe stones from the browes of the hill vpon them, thereby either to destroy great numbers of them, either else to constreine them to come foorth of their strength into the plaine fields, and so to fight with them in a place indifferent.

Kenneth Cullan the thane of Carrike, tooke vpon him to haue the conduct of them that Kenneth Cullan. King Greogorie assailed the Irishmen. should go about this interprise, who conueieng his band ouer the water of Bane, and so vp on the backeside of the mounteine, in the morning when their felows fell in hand to assaile the Irish campe, where Bren lodged, they tumbled such plentie of mightie stones downe vpon thé Irishmen, that aboue a thousand of them being slaine, all the residue were forced to forsake their ground, & to flée in maner without anie stroke striken. The Scots that were sent to The Irish are pursued. pursue them, tooke a great number of them prisoners, and slue but a few, hauing before hand such commandement from their prince.

Whilest this mischiefe fell vpon Bren and his people, Cornelius with his folkes curssing that infortunate daie, left their lodgings, and marched their waies in good order of battell, till they were farre inough out of danger. The bodie of Bren also was found amongst other Bren was slaine. in the rifling of the campe, with the head bruised in péeces, and the braines dashed out with some stone throwne downe by the Scotishmen from the hill side: which Gregorie at the request of some of the prisoners, caused to be buried in christian sepulchre. He caused also women Women and children are kept harmles. Unarmed men were spared. Vittels were commanded to be prouided. and children to be sent awaie harmelesse, onelie reteining the men of able age prisoners. Furthermore he commanded that they should vse neither fire nor sword, but against such onelie as with weapon in hand made anie resistance: and commanded them also that they should prouide themselues of vittels to serue them, whilest they should lie abroad & remaine there in that countrie.

Herevpon manie of the Irish people thus tasting the mercifull clemencie of the Scotish king, yéelded themselues vnto him with sundrie fortresses, so that Gregorie finding sufficient prouision of vittels to serue his host for a long season, he went vnto the strong citie of Doungarg, Doungarg or Doungard besieged. The towne was yéelded. or Doungard, which he enuironed about with a strong siege, & continuing the same certeine daies, at length they within wearied with continuall trauell and lacke of vittels, opened the gate, and suffered him to enter. He would not perit his men to meddle with anie of the spoile, but appointed the townesmen to redéeme the same (their armour excepted) of his A gentle ransome. souldiors for a péece of monie.

Afterward, tarieng in this citie by the space of thrée daies, he departed and came afore another citie called Pontus, which he receiued by surrender, and therfore preserued the Pontus was surrendred also. citizens from all hurt & annoiance. From thence he purposed to haue gone vnto Dublin, about 14 miles distant from Pontus, but as he marched thitherwards, he was aduertised that Cornelius was comming towards him with such an huge armie, as the like had not béene Cornelius came with an huge armie. séene within the memorie of man in that Ile. Whervpon Gregorie changing his purpose of going to Dublin, vpon report of these newes, he got him vp into the next mounteine.

The next day came the Irishmen ranged in thrée battels. In the first there was a The Irishmen came in thrée battels. Kernes. These might we name Gallowglasses, if they had béene furnished with axes. The Scots came in two wings. great multitude of Kernes with darts and bowes: in the second were a great number of mightie tall men, armed in cotes of male, with bucklers and great long swoords, which they czried vpon their right shoulders. In the third battell, wherein stood their generall Cornelius, with all the chiefest nobles of the countrie, were an infinite companie of all sorts of souldiors, chosen foorth of all the whole numbers. The Scots (according to their custome) diuided themselues into two wings, and a middle ward, in euerie of the which were thrée sorts of souldiors: as frist archers, and those with long speares, then bilmen, and last of all such as bare long swoords and leaden malles.

Thus the battels being ordered on both parts, forward they make one towards another to Two battels ioine. begin the fight. The Scots (after their shot and throwing of darts was spent, and that they came to ioine) kept off their enimies with long speares or iauelins, in such sort, that they were not able to come néere them: which disaduantage Cornelius perceiuing, commanded on high, that they should with their swoords cut those iauelins in sunder. And as he lifted vp the visor of his helmet, the better to exhort his people to the execution hereof, he was so wounded in the Cornelius was sore wounded. The Irish ran away. face with a speare, that he was faine to withdraw apart out of the field. The Irishmen supposing he had fled, incontinentlie to saue themselues, threw off their armor and fell to running awaie. Thus did the victorie incline to the Scotish standards.

There died but a few (to speake of) in the battell, howbeit in the chase there was a woonderfull number slaine : for the Scots pursued them euen vnto Dublin gates, which citie the next Dublin besieged. daie Gregorie beset on each side with a mightie siege. There was got into this citie at the same time a woonderfull multitude of people, what of such as were receiued into it fléeing from the battell, as also of other which were there assembled before, in hope of assured victorie and safegard of their goods. By reason wherof being thus besieged, they began quicklie to want vittels, so that either they must of necessitie yeeld, either else by some issue auoid that danger wherein they were presentlie bewrapped.

But forsomuch as they saw no great likelihood of good successe in that exploit, in the end it was concluded amongst them, that (sith there was no meane for those noble men which were inclosed within that citie to escape the enimies hands, and that there were none other of anie reputation abroad able to defend the countrie from the Scotishmens puissance) they should fall to some treatie with the Scotish king for a peace to be had, with so reasonable conditions They consult vpon a treatie of peace to be made. as might be obteined: for other remedie in that present mischiefe they could deuise none, and therefore this was iudged the best waie of the whole number, namelie of Cormach bishop of Dublin, a man for his singular vertue and reputation of vpright life, of no small authoritie amongst them.

He tooke vpon him also to go vnto Gregorie to breake the matter, & so comming afore Cormach B. of Dublin went vnto K. Gregorie. his presence, besought him most humblie to haue compassion vpon the poore miserable citie, and in such sort to temper his wrath, if he had conceiued anie péece of displeasure against the citizens, that it might please him yet vpon their humble submission to receiue them vnto his mercie, and further to accept into his protection his cousine yoong Duncane, vnto whome Duncane. the kingdome of Ireland was due of right, as all the world well vnderstood. He besought him also to remember, that it apperteined more to the honor of a king, to preserue the lawfull A wittie saieng right of other kings and princes with the quiet state of cities and countries, than by violent hand to séeke their destruction.

Wherevnto the king answered, that he was not come into Ireland for anie couetous desire King Gregorie his wise & godly answer. he had to the realme, or to the intent to spoile his kinsman of the gouernement thereof, but onelie to reuenge such iniuries as the Irishmen had doone to his subjects. Not the Scots but the Irishmen themselues were they that had giuen the occasion of the warre, which they had déerelie bought with no small portion of their bloud (which had bene shed) as punished for that crime worthilie by the just iudgement of almightie God. But as touching an end to be had of his quarell, & for the reseruing of the kingdome vnto yoong Duncans behoofe, when he had the citie at his pleasure, he would then take such order as he should thinke most conuenient.

This answer of the Scotish king being reported vnto them within the citie, they determined Dublin is surrendered vnto K. Gregorie. foorthwith to set open their gates to receiue him: who, when he had caused search to be made whether all things were truelie ment according to the outward shew or not, he marched foorth towards the citie to enter the same in order of battell, with all his whole armie, into the which Gregory was receiued with procession. Cormach bishop of Dublin becōmeth a crosse-bearer. he was receiued with procession of all the estates: for first there met him all the priests and men of religion, with the bishop the foresaid Cormach, who hauing vpon him his pontificall apparell, bare in his hand the crucifix: then followed the nobles with the other multitude.

Which order when Gregorie beheld, he commanded his battell to staie a little, and therewith he himselfe aduanced foorth on foot till he came to the bishop, and falling downe vpon his knées, he reuerentlie kissed the crucifix, wherevpon receiuing humble thanks with high He kisseth the Crucifix. commendation of the bishop for such his clemencie, he entered the citie, not staieng till he came into the market place, where commanding one part of his armie to keepe their standing, he went with the residue vnto the church of our ladie, and after to that of saint Patrike, where hearing the celebration of diuine seruice, when the same was ended, hée entered the castell, He entred the castell. where his lodging was prepared. In the morning he caused execution to be doone of certeine vnrulie persons of his armie, who in the night passed had broken vp the houses of some of the citizens, and rauished diuerse women. And for this act Gregorie being had in high reuerence of the Irish people, lodged part of his armie within the citie, and part he commanded to lodge without in the campe.

At length hauing remained a season in this estate at Dublin, he caused the Irish lords to A peace concluded with Ireland. Articles of couenant. Their yoong king to be wel brought vp. K. Gregorie to haue the gouernment of the realme. He should also appoint the magistrates. assemble in counceill, where in the end the peace was concluded betwixt him and them, with these articles and couenants. First it was agréed that the yoong king Duncane should be brought vp vnder the gouernement of wise and discréet persons, to be instructed in all princelie knowledge, within a strong castell, (wherein he had hitherto remained euer since his fathers decease) till he came to yéeres of discretion. And that in the meane time Gregorie should haue the gouernance of the realme, receiuing all the fortresses into his possession. He should also haue the appointment of the magistrates, who should sée iustice ministred according to the old statutes & ordinances of the Irish kingdome. That the Irishmen should receiue neither Englishman, Britaine, nor Dane, into their countrie, no not so much as for trade of merchandize, without safe conduct to be granted by him. So that things being thus brought to a No man to traffike in Ireland with out a pasport. K. Gregorie returned into Scotland. quietnesse in Ireland, he receiued an oth of the chiefest of them for performance of the couenants, and herewith taking with him thréescore hostages, he returned with his victorious armie backe into Scotland.

After this there chanced no notable trouble to the Scots, neither forreine nor ciuill, by all the time of king Gregories reigne, so that passing the rest of his life in quietnesse, he studied chieflie for the politike gouernement of his people in good order and rule, to the aduancement of the common-wealth : and finallie died an happie old man, in a castell called Doundore The king died. within the countrie of Garioth, in the 18 yeere after his entring into his estate, and after the birth of our Sauiour 893. He was neuer maried, but liued in continuall chastitie : for his famous 893. victories and other his princelie dooings, he deserued of the Scots to be numbered amongst their most high and renowmed princes. Amongst other his princelie acts which he set forward in his life time, to the adornement of his countrie and common-wealth ; Aberdine (of a Aberdine is made a citie. village) was aduanced by him to the state and dignitie of a citie, and the church there indowed with faire reuenues, and sundrie priuiledges. His bodie was conueied vnto the abbeie King Gregorie is buried in Colmekill. of Colmekill, and there buried with all solemne pompe and exequies: ouer the which his next successor, Donald the fift of that name, caused a faire toome to be erected,

In the daies of this Gregorie also, there liued that famous clearke Iohn Scot, a Iohn Scot. Some hold that he was an Englishman. Bale. Scotishman in déed borne, but brought vp in studie of good literature at Athens, where hauing learned the Gréeke toong, he was sent for into France, to come vnto the emperour Lewes, with whom he remained in seruice for a time: and by whose commandement he translated the booke of saint Dionyse, intituled Hierarchia, into Latine. Afterwards being sent ambassador Dionys. Areopagita was translated by Iohn Scot. He taught K. Alured in England. He taught in Malmesburie. He was killed of his scholers. from the same Lewes vnto Alured or Alfred king of England, he continued with him and taught his children, hauing a place thereto appointed him within the abbeie of Malmesburie, where he had such resort of bearers and scholers, that it was a woonder to behold. Notwithstanding, at length when he ceassed not to blame and sharpelie to reprooue the corrupt maners of such his scholers, as were giuen more to libertie than learning, he was by them murthered with daggers, as he was reading vnto them, and was afterwards registred amongst the number of martyrs.

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