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INDULPH.

BUT to my purpose. After the corps of Malcolme was once buried (according to the custome) amongst his predecessors in the abbie church of Colmekill, Indulph prince of Cumberland was placed in the marble chaire at Scone, there receiuing the crowne and other the inuestures of the kingdome. In the administration whereof he continued for the space of fiue yeares without anie notable trouble, in the end of which terme, he was required by
Indulph is prouoked by Aualassus to warre against England. His persuasions. messengers sent vnto him from Aualassus, to ioine with him in league against the Englishmen, in reuenge of that ouerthrow, which aswell the Danes as Scots had receiued at Broningfield, alledging that opportunitie was now offered, sith after the decesse of Athelstane, the Englishmen had created Edmund to be their king, a man of a dull wit, & not fit for the administration of high affaires: neither did the league concluded betwixt Athelstane and Malcolme inforce anie impediment, but that he might enter the warre against the Englishmen, considering that both the princes that were the authors of that league were departed out of this life, by whose deceasse the said league was ended.

But Indulph for answere herevnto declared, that the league was concluded betwixt Indulph his answere. Malcolme and Athelstane, by great deliberation of aduise, and by consent of all the estates of both realmes, taking their solemne oths for the true obseruing thereof, so that he could not, vnlesse he should violate that oth, attempt anie thing to the breach of peace with the Englishmen, procuring the iust indignation of almightie God against him and his people in that behalfe. Herevpon the Danes accounting Indulph but a slouthfull and negligent person for The Danes not pleased with such an answere procure warre against England. this kind of answere, as he that regarded not the honor of his realme and people, in letting passe so great opportunitie to be reuenged of the Englishmen for the death of such Scots as died in the ouerthrow at Broningfield, determined not to be noted with the like spot of reproch: but with all speed sending for aid into Norwaie, prepared to passe ouer into England, vnder the conduct of Aualassus, who ioining his power with the Norwegians, which came The Norwegians come to the aid of Aualassus. Rainold a valiant capteine. Elgarine yéelded the forts vnto the Danes. to his aid vnder the leading of a right valiant capteine called Rainold, transported with all spéed ouer into Northumbeland, vnto whome the gouernnour there named Elgarine, acknowledging himselfe to be descended of the Danish bloud, yéelded all the castels, tounes & forts, promising to aid Aualassus against king Edmund to the vtrermost of his power.

These newes comming to the knowledge of Edmund, with all spéed he gathereth his power, and sending into Scotland for such aid as he ought to haue from thence by couenants of the league, there came vnto him ten thousand Scotishmen with ready wils to serue him in these 10000 souldiers sent vnto king Edmund. his wars against the Danes. Then ioining his owne people with those Scotishmen, he set forward towards the enimies. There were an 8000 Northumberland men with Aualassus, the which vpon the first incounter with the Englishmen, fell streight to running away, which made an open and readie breach vnto the English part, to atteine the victorie: for the Danes being not able to resist the violent force of their enimies, incouraged now with the flight of the Northumbers, were quicklie constreined to giue backe, and in the end to flee amaine, the Englishmen and Scots following in the chase with such fiercenesse, that all such as they ouertooke died vpon the sword, though they submitted themselues neuer so humblie in requiring mercie.

Eigarine yet chancing to fall into his enimies hands was taken aliue: for so had Edmund Elgarine is taken prisoner. commanded, that if anie man might take him, he should in anie case saue his life, that he might put him to death in most cruell wise, to the example of other.

After this, and for the space of three daies after the battell, Edmund lay still in the fields néere vnto the place where they fought, and then repaired vnto Yorke, where Elgarine for Elgarine is drawen in péeces. his treason was drawen in péeces with wild horsses. There chanced also no notable trouble in Albion, during the space of foure yeares after this said ouerthrow of the Danes with their capteine Aualassus, who is also otherwise called Aulafe, as is to be séene in the English histories, where the same make mention of the foresaid king Edmund, whome likewise they affirme to be the brother of Athelstane, and not his sonne, as before is partlie touched. Indulph in this meane time did with great diligence sée to the good order of his realme, K. Indulph was diligent in his office. The kings of Denmarke and Norwaie enter with an armie into Scotland. shewing therein what belonged to the office of a woorthie prince. But euen as all things séemed to rest in peace & quietnes through the whole Ile of Albion, Hagon king of Norwaie, and Helrike king of Denmarke, of purpose to reuenge the slaughter of their countrimen latelie made in Northumberland, came with a mightie nauie vnto the coasts of Scotland, assaieng to land with their whole armie, first in the Forth, then in the riuer of Taie; but yet through such resistance as the Scots made, being assembled togither to kéepe them off, they The enimies are put off. were faine to withdraw, and wasting alongst the coasts of Angus, the Marnes, Mar, and Buthqhane, at length faining as though they would haue taken their course homewards, they lanched foorth into the high seas. But within foure daies after returning againe to the shore, they landed their people earlie in one morning vpon the coast of Boen, at a place They land in Boen. called Cullane, a countrie ioining vnto Buthqhane, putting such of the countrie people to flight, as presented themselues to impeach their landing and inuasion.

But Indulph being aduertised hereof, forthwith assembling the whole power of his realme, King Indulph draweth néere towards the enimies. drew towards that part with such spéed, that he was come into Boen before his enimies were certified that he was set forward. So soone therefore as they heard he was come, such as were abroad forraieng the same countrie, were called backe to the campe. But Indulph without K. Indulph prepared to battell. protracting of time came still forward, and vpon his approch to the enimies, he prepared to giue battell, and with a short oration began to incourage his people to fight manfullie. But before he could make an end, the Danes gaue the onset with such violence, that the battell a The Danes gaue the onset. long space continued doubtfull on both sides, the Danes on the one part and the Scots on the other, dooing their vttermost indeuours to atchiue the victorie, till at length they of Louthian with their capteins Dunbar and Grame began to appeare on the backe halfe of the Danes. A supplie sent vnto the Scots. With which sight they were put in such feare, that those which fought in the fore ward, retired backe vnto the middle ward, whome the Scots eagerlie pursuing, beate downe euen till they came vnto the reare ward, which coueting rather to die in the fight, than to giue backe, and so to be slaine in the chase (for those in the reare ward were heauie armed men) continued the battell more with a certeine stiffe stubbornes of mind, than with anie great force or forcast, being so ouermatched as they were, & forsaken of their fellowes: for other of the Danes, namelie the archers and Kernes fied their waies, some towards their ships, and some here and The Danes fled. there being scattered abroad in the fields, fell into the mosses, the maresh grounds, and other streicts, where they were slaine euerie one by such as followed in the chase.

Indulph himselfe with certeine companies about him, departing from his maine battell to The king with few in his companie falleth into the enimies dāger through negligence. K. Indulph was slaine with a dart and died. 961 saith Io. Ma. 968. discouer the fields, as though all had beene quiet on each side, fell by chance vpon a whole band of the Danes, where the same lay in couert within a close vallie, being fied from the field thither vpon the first ioining of the battels, with the which entering into fight, he was shot through the head with a dart, and so died; but not before he was reuenged of those his enimies, the whole number of them being slaine there in the place. His bodie was first buried in Cullane, a towne of Boene, and after translated vnto the abbie of Colmekill, and there interred amongest other his predecessors the Scotish kings. Indulph reignes about nine yeares and died thus valiantlie, though infortunatlie, in the yeare after the incarnation 968, as saith Hector Boetius.

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