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THIS Iosina being proclaimed king, renewed the ancient leagues with the Picts and Britains. He had physicians in great estimation; for that during his abode in Ireland, he was nourished of a child amongest them, and by reason thereof had some knowledge in the facultie, speciallie he vnderstood the vertues and properties of herbes, wherewith in those daies the Scots vsed to heale and remedie all maner of sores and diseases, which as then were few in number, in respect of the sundrie kinds which are now knowen amongst vs; and all by reason of the superfluous féeding and excesse of meats and drinks vsed in our time, whereas our elders
Surfeting the cause of strange diseases, which so commonlie now reigne. Two ancient philosophers through shipwrack arriue in Scotland, and are ioifullie receiued of the king. sufficed with a little, liued without surfeting, the chiefest bréeder of such strange and manifold sicknesses. In this Iosina his daies it chanced that a Portingale ship was driuen and drowned by force of a streinable tempest néere vnto the shore of one of the Scotish Iles, where diuerse of those that were within the same ship, mariners and other escaped to land, amongest whome were two ancient and fatherlie old men of right reuerend aspect and countenance.

These two in companie with some of the inhabitants of that Ile came ouer into Beregonium, where the king as then soiourned. They were Spanish priests of the pagane religion, whose purpose was to haue gone vnto Athens in Grecia (as some write) but whence soeuer they were, and what purpose soeuer they had, certeine it is they were philosophers; and therefore the king receiued them most ioifullie, dooing them all the honor he could deuise, and commanding that they should be lodged within his owne palace, where they had all things néedfull, and accordinglie ministred vnto them.

These philosophers, after they had refreshed themselues at their ease for the space of 14 daies, the king caused them to come before him, requiring them to shew their opinion what they thought by the nature of the soile, the maners and customs of his people, so far forth as they had séne and heard. They without pausing for answere declared, that as yet they had not had time to learne those things, but onelie thus far by coniecture they supposed, that the ground was more like to be fruitfull of mettall mines, than of corne and graine, as conteining far more riches vnderneath the earth than aboue; and this they said that they gathered by the influence of the heauens vnder the which it laie. And as for the rites and vsages of the people, in one point they could in no wise commend them, for that in religion they followed The Scotish religion reproued. the superstitious rites of the Aegyptians, woorshipping the immortall gods in the shape of beasts and fouls, whereas God was euen the same that did comprehend both heauen and earth, with the waters and all things in them conteined, whome they named nature, and as it were the primordiall cause or beginning of all things, vnto whome it was not possible to deuise anie similitude of liuing thing that might in anie wise represent him. Therefore (said they) men ought to worship the liuing God with fire and deuout praier, building him a temple for that purpose, and onelie vnto him to burne incense, and to performe vowes: at whose hands such as liued chastlie, vprightlie, and according to the rules of iustice, ought euer to Vpright liuing well rewarded at Gods hands. looke for some high benefit, where other that liued contrarilie might euer stand in doubt of contrarie reward.

With these their sensible instructions they persuaded manie of the Scotish nation vnto then opinion, though the greatest part would by no means follow anie other kind of religion, than that which they had receiued from their elders: neither could anie of them be brought to thinke otherwise of the sun, the moone, and stars, but that there was a certeine diuine power or godhead in euerie one of them. And thus much of these strangers brieflie and by the way, who came into Scotland at this present: but now to procéed with our purpose. When Iosina had reigned 24 yeares, he departed out of this world at Beregonium, being a Iosina departeth this life. man of verie great age. He left behind him a sonne named Finnanus, who a little before his fathers deceasse was by consent of the people proclaimed king of Scotland.

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