THIS Eugenius was the fourth of that name, which had ruled ouer the Scotishmen. As it
S. Colmes prophesie of Eugenius the fourth.
is said, saint Colme prophesied that he should be king long before his fathers death; for
when all the sonnes of king Aidan were brought before him, and that Aidan demanded of
him which of them should reigne after him, he ouerpassing the residue (which he vnderstood
by secret knowledge should die in the wars) appointed fourth this Eugenius, called by some
also Brudus, declaring that it should be onelie he. This Eugenius then being placed in the
A louer of peace and quietnesse.
kinglie seat forgot not such holsome lessons and vertuous precepts, as the foresaid saint
Colme had taught him in his youth, so that studieng how to defend rather that which was his
owne in peace and quietnesse, than to séeke anie waies or means how to inlarge it, by wrong.
full incroching vpon other mens possessions, he grew into such fauour with all good men, as
greater could not be deuised. Unto all offendors he was a sharpe iusticer, not sparing anie
A sharpe iusticer.
transgressour of his lawes, neither in respect of nobilitie or otherwise, but rather those gentlemen which misused themselues in breach of good orders, he chiefelie gaue order to see them
punished; where if they behaued themselues worthilie, and according to their calling, there
was no prince more glad than he to aduance them vnto honor.
By these and the like his princelie dooings, he was both beloued of his people and also feared,
He neither fauoured the Picts nor Saxons of Northumberland, for that the one nation being
ethniks, persisted in their infideltie, and the other ceassed not by all maner of means to support
them; but yet taking a truce with them both, he firmelie caused the same to be obserued. In
the tenth yeare of his reigne Cinigell king of Westsaxons & Elfred king of Northumberland,
with aid of the Picts, vanquished Cadwallo king of Britains, and chased him into Scotland,
Cadwall is restored vnto his kingdome.
Sée more herof in England.
King Edelfred slaine.
where he remained not long, sailing from thence into Britaine in France, and purchasing
aid of the king there named Cadoall, returned into Wales, where vanquishing his enimies
the Saxons, and sleaing manie thousands of them, he was restored againe vnto his kingdome. About the same time was Edelfred king of Northumberland slaine in battell, at a
place called Wintringham, not far from the riuer of Humber, by Redwald and Etheibreth,
the one being king of the cast Angles, and the other of the middle Angles; in reuenge of
such iniuries as the same Edelfred had doone vnto the Saxons of the countrie called Mercia,
conteining (as in the English historie more plainelie may appeare) all those shires from the riuer
of Thames vnto the riuer of Mersée in Lancashire. Then was one Edwine a right christian
prince appointed to reigne in his place, by the assignement of the two forsaid kings Redwald
Whilest these things were a dooing, there were seuen sonnes of the aforesaid Edelfred, that
detesting the vntrue dealing of the Picts, which refused to aid their father in his necessitie, and
doubting to fall into the hands of Edwine, got them to Eugenius the Scotish king for more
suertie of their liues. Their names were Eufreid, Oswald, Oslaws, Oswin, Offas, Osmonda
and Osike. Ebba the onelie daughter of Edelfred being taken amongest other prisoners,
and, escaping from hir taker, miraculouslie got a bore in the riuer of Humber, and with the
same taking the sea alone, without all humane helpe (as hath béene reported) she sailed foorth,
& at length safelie arriued at the point of land which stretched foorth into the sea, in the
mouth of the Forth, called euen vnto this day after hir name, saint Ebbes head, where being
S. Ebbes head.
receiued by the bishop of that diocesse, she was professed a nun, and after continuing in great
perfectnesse of obseruing that profession, she was instituted abbesse of hir house, shewing still
in trade of life an orderlie example for hir flocke to follow.
Eugenius the Scotish king did louinglie receiue the sonnes of Edelfred, though their father
had euer béene a cruell enimie against the Scotish nation; and within a while after their comming into Scotland, hearing oftentimes the godlie sermons and preachings of the bishops and
moonks (who in those daies continuallie gaue themselues vnto that exercise) they finallie
abhorred their superstitious idolatrie, and receiued baptisme, that salutiferous signe and sacrament of our christian religion. Those churches also, which the Saxons in time of the warres
had ouerthrowen and destroied in Galloway and other countries thereabouts, Eugenius caused
to be repared; moreouer also he reedified sundrie castels in those marches, and placed in them
gaisons of souldiers, to defend them against all inuasions that might happen. Thus continuing his reigne the space of fiftéene yeares or thereabouts in honorable peace, to the great
aduancement of the commonwealth of his subiects, he lastlie died in the yeare 620, and was
buried amongest his elders in the Ile of Iona, within the monasterie of Colmekill.
About this time, that reuerend father and bishop Bonifacius Quirinus came foorth of Italie
Bonifacius a godliepreacher.
into Scotland, to instruct the people in the faith of Christ there. Whether he were pope, and
resigning vp the papalitie came thus into Scotland (as some haue supposed) or whether he was
sent from the pope called Bonifacius that succeeded Sauinianus, it is not certeinlie knowne; but
certeine it is, as the Scotish writers affirme, that vpon his first comming into Scotland he arriued
in the water of Taie, comming on land at the mouth of a little riuer, which diuideth the countrie of Gowrie from Angus. His name is yet famous amongest the Scots euen vnto this day,
for that he trauelled through the most part of the land, in preaching and instructing the people to their confirmation in the faith, and erecting diuers churches in the honor of almightie
God, which he dedicated to the name of saint Peter. And amongst other he built one at
the place where he came on land, an other at a village called Tulline, not passing three miles
from Dundée, and the third at Restennoth, where afterwards an house of chanons of saint
Augustines order was builded. At length he came into Rosse, continuing there the residue of
his life, and is buried at Rossemarken.
There was also at the same time amongest the Scots an ancient godlie man named Molocke,
Molocke a preacher.
who following such rules & doctrine as in his youth he had learned of Brandon that reuerend
abbat, he ceassed not to exhort the people of Mar and Argile (in which countries he was most
resident) to flée and forsake their vicious liuing, and to indeuour themselues to imbrace vertue,
Moonks were preachers in those daies.
to the comfort and health of their soules. This Molocke kept continuall companie with the
forenamed Bonifacius after his comming into Scotland: and finallie died also in Rosse, being
about 94 yeares of age, and was buried in the church where Bonifacius lieth, though they of
Argile say that his relikes rest among them in the church of Lismore, which is dedicated to