previous next

EUGENIUS.

THIS Eugenius was the fourth of that name, which had ruled ouer the Scotishmen. As it
S. Colmes prophesie of Eugenius the fourth. is said, saint Colme prophesied that he should be king long before his fathers death; for when all the sonnes of king Aidan were brought before him, and that Aidan demanded of him which of them should reigne after him, he ouerpassing the residue (which he vnderstood by secret knowledge should die in the wars) appointed fourth this Eugenius, called by some also Brudus, declaring that it should be onelie he. This Eugenius then being placed in the A louer of peace and quietnesse. kinglie seat forgot not such holsome lessons and vertuous precepts, as the foresaid saint Colme had taught him in his youth, so that studieng how to defend rather that which was his owne in peace and quietnesse, than to séeke anie waies or means how to inlarge it, by wrong. full incroching vpon other mens possessions, he grew into such fauour with all good men, as greater could not be deuised. Unto all offendors he was a sharpe iusticer, not sparing anie A sharpe iusticer. transgressour of his lawes, neither in respect of nobilitie or otherwise, but rather those gentlemen which misused themselues in breach of good orders, he chiefelie gaue order to see them punished; where if they behaued themselues worthilie, and according to their calling, there was no prince more glad than he to aduance them vnto honor.

By these and the like his princelie dooings, he was both beloued of his people and also feared, He neither fauoured the Picts nor Saxons of Northumberland, for that the one nation being ethniks, persisted in their infideltie, and the other ceassed not by all maner of means to support them; but yet taking a truce with them both, he firmelie caused the same to be obserued. In the tenth yeare of his reigne Cinigell king of Westsaxons & Elfred king of Northumberland, with aid of the Picts, vanquished Cadwallo king of Britains, and chased him into Scotland, Cadwall vanquished. Cadwall is restored vnto his kingdome. Sée more herof in England. King Edelfred slaine. where he remained not long, sailing from thence into Britaine in France, and purchasing aid of the king there named Cadoall, returned into Wales, where vanquishing his enimies the Saxons, and sleaing manie thousands of them, he was restored againe vnto his kingdome. About the same time was Edelfred king of Northumberland slaine in battell, at a place called Wintringham, not far from the riuer of Humber, by Redwald and Etheibreth, the one being king of the cast Angles, and the other of the middle Angles; in reuenge of such iniuries as the same Edelfred had doone vnto the Saxons of the countrie called Mercia, conteining (as in the English historie more plainelie may appeare) all those shires from the riuer of Thames vnto the riuer of Mersée in Lancashire. Then was one Edwine a right christian Edwine. prince appointed to reigne in his place, by the assignement of the two forsaid kings Redwald and Ethelbreth.

Whilest these things were a dooing, there were seuen sonnes of the aforesaid Edelfred, that detesting the vntrue dealing of the Picts, which refused to aid their father in his necessitie, and doubting to fall into the hands of Edwine, got them to Eugenius the Scotish king for more suertie of their liues. Their names were Eufreid, Oswald, Oslaws, Oswin, Offas, Osmonda and Osike. Ebba the onelie daughter of Edelfred being taken amongest other prisoners, and, escaping from hir taker, miraculouslie got a bore in the riuer of Humber, and with the same taking the sea alone, without all humane helpe (as hath béene reported) she sailed foorth, & at length safelie arriued at the point of land which stretched foorth into the sea, in the mouth of the Forth, called euen vnto this day after hir name, saint Ebbes head, where being S. Ebbes head. receiued by the bishop of that diocesse, she was professed a nun, and after continuing in great perfectnesse of obseruing that profession, she was instituted abbesse of hir house, shewing still in trade of life an orderlie example for hir flocke to follow.

Eugenius the Scotish king did louinglie receiue the sonnes of Edelfred, though their father had euer béene a cruell enimie against the Scotish nation; and within a while after their comming into Scotland, hearing oftentimes the godlie sermons and preachings of the bishops and moonks (who in those daies continuallie gaue themselues vnto that exercise) they finallie abhorred their superstitious idolatrie, and receiued baptisme, that salutiferous signe and sacrament of our christian religion. Those churches also, which the Saxons in time of the warres had ouerthrowen and destroied in Galloway and other countries thereabouts, Eugenius caused to be repared; moreouer also he reedified sundrie castels in those marches, and placed in them gaisons of souldiers, to defend them against all inuasions that might happen. Thus continuing his reigne the space of fiftéene yeares or thereabouts in honorable peace, to the great aduancement of the commonwealth of his subiects, he lastlie died in the yeare 620, and was 620. buried amongest his elders in the Ile of Iona, within the monasterie of Colmekill.

About this time, that reuerend father and bishop Bonifacius Quirinus came foorth of Italie Bonifacius a godliepreacher. into Scotland, to instruct the people in the faith of Christ there. Whether he were pope, and resigning vp the papalitie came thus into Scotland (as some haue supposed) or whether he was sent from the pope called Bonifacius that succeeded Sauinianus, it is not certeinlie knowne; but certeine it is, as the Scotish writers affirme, that vpon his first comming into Scotland he arriued in the water of Taie, comming on land at the mouth of a little riuer, which diuideth the countrie of Gowrie from Angus. His name is yet famous amongest the Scots euen vnto this day, for that he trauelled through the most part of the land, in preaching and instructing the people to their confirmation in the faith, and erecting diuers churches in the honor of almightie God, which he dedicated to the name of saint Peter. And amongst other he built one at the place where he came on land, an other at a village called Tulline, not passing three miles from Dundée, and the third at Restennoth, where afterwards an house of chanons of saint Augustines order was builded. At length he came into Rosse, continuing there the residue of his life, and is buried at Rossemarken.

There was also at the same time amongest the Scots an ancient godlie man named Molocke, Molocke a preacher. who following such rules & doctrine as in his youth he had learned of Brandon that reuerend abbat, he ceassed not to exhort the people of Mar and Argile (in which countries he was most resident) to flée and forsake their vicious liuing, and to indeuour themselues to imbrace vertue, Moonks were preachers in those daies. to the comfort and health of their soules. This Molocke kept continuall companie with the forenamed Bonifacius after his comming into Scotland: and finallie died also in Rosse, being about 94 yeares of age, and was buried in the church where Bonifacius lieth, though they of Argile say that his relikes rest among them in the church of Lismore, which is dedicated to his name.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: