AFTER him succéeded Eugenius the fift of that name, nephue to Maldwin, as sonne to
Eugenius the fift.
his brother Dongard. About the same time Eugenius king of Scots sent with all diligence
his ambassadors vnto Egfred king of Northumberland, to mooue him vnto peace. Egfred
Egfred king of Northumberland.
hauing heard the ambassadors which were thus sent, feined as though he had béene willing
to haue had peace, where he minded nothing more than to haue warres with the Scots, so
soone as his prouision should be once readie, and héerevpon granted to them a truce for the
A truee granted.
space of 11 moneths, in which meane time he might make his preparation. Eugenius
hauing some secret knowledge of Egfreds purpose, prouided likewise for the warres on his
part: but for that he would not séeme to giue the occasion, he streictlie commanded that
Eugenius his commandement.
none of his subiects should be so hardie, as to attempt anie thing sounding to the breach
of the truce.
In the tenth moneth Egfred hauing all his preparation readie, sent a companie of his
men of war into the Scotish borders, to fetch some bootie, whereby the peace might be
The truce broken.
broken. Those that were thus sent, fetched not onelie from thence a great number of
cattell, but also slue diuers of the borderers that went about to rescue their beasts and cattell.
Immediatlie herevpon were sent ambassadors from Eugenius to demand restitution: but
Ambassadors sent by Eugenius vnto Egfred for restitution.
they not without much adoo, after certeine daies attendance, got audience, and boldlie declaring vnto Egfred their message, receiued for answer a plaine publication of warre. For
he alledging how the Scots, since the truce was granted, had sundrie times fetched booties
out of the confines of his dominions, and therefore had well deserued farre more damage
than as yet they had receiued, wherevpon he minded not to continue friendship with them
that knew not how to kéepe their hands from robbing and stealing from their neighbours:
so that he commanded them to declare vnto their king, that within eight daies after, he
should looke for open warre at the hands of him and other his alies.
Eugenius receiuing this answer from Egfred, besought God, sith the other onelie sought
to violate the peace, that the vengeance might light vpon his owne head, that had thus giuen
the occasion. Héerewith gathering his power togither, he repaired into Galloway, into the
Eugenius gathereth an armie.
which he had knowledge that his enimies would first enter. But before he could get thither,
a great armie of Englishmen were come alreadie into that countrie, and had besieged a
strong castell called Downske, the chiefest fortresse in those daies of all Galloway. And
The castell of Downske besieged.
yer Egfred might winne the same, he was constreined to raise his siege, and to march foorth
to incounter with Eugenius, who hasted fast towards him. They met néere to the banks
of the water of Lewis, as then being verie déepe, by reason it was raised with abundance of
raine which latelie before had fallen, where they fought a verie sore and bloudie battell:
for the Scots had vowed neuer to giue ground to the enimies, so long as anie life remained
in their breasts.
At the first there was no great aduantage perceiued on either side, the kings, according
to the duties of valiant capteins, exhorting their people to sticke to it manfullie: but in the
meane time, certeine bands of Egfreds part getting themselues to the side of an bill, gaue
the looking on, without comming downe at all to aid their friends: which manner the residue of his people perceiuing, doubted of some treason deuised against them, and therevpon
began to shrinke backe. Egfred aduised therof, came amongst the foremost ranks of his
battell, desiring the Englishmen in no wise to giue place to their enimies: and for that daies
seruice he promised them high rewards, and all the pleasure that afterward he might be
anie waies able to shew or doo them. But whilest he was thus busilie occupied in comforting & exhorting his men to fight stoutlie, he himselfe chanced to be wounded in the face
King Egfred slaine.
Sée more héereof in England.
with an arrow so sore that immediatlie he fell downe and died in the place. The Englishmen discouraged with this mischance, were quicklie therevpon put to flight and chased, a
great number of them tooke the riuer so to escape the enimies hands, of whome the more
part being pressed downe by weight of their armor, were drowned in the raging waues of
the floud, the residue by casting from them their armors and clothes, escaped by swimming
ouer to the other side, but those that made their course by land, being cumbred in mires
and mosses, also amongst streicts, rocks, mounteins and cliffes, were ouertaken by the
Scots and slaine. Few of that number escaped awaie in safetie, so that there died in the
fight and chase at the point of twentie thousand Saxons with their king the foresaid Egfred:
Twentie thousand Saxons slaine.
of the Scots were slaine, besides those that were hurt and wounded, not manie aboue six
thousand. By this ouerthrow the force of those Saxons or Englishmen of Northumberland
was not onelie sore diminished, but also of such other Saxons, the which in no small
number were come vnto Egfred, to aid him against the Scots in that iournie.
Brudeus the Pictish king hauing knowledge of this slaughter, which had chanced betwixt
Brudeus king of the Picts.
the Englishmen and Scots, was nothing sorie, as one that was friend to neither part, and
now perceiuing that the Northumberland men were so weakened, that they were not able
Inuasion into Northumberland.
to resist an inuasion, he entred with his whole power which he had raised, into Northumberland, sore afflicting th' inhabitants, insomuch that he had vndoubtedlie either subdued that
countrie wholie vnto his dominion, either els vtterlie destroied it, had not the deuout praiers
of S. Cutbert (who then held the sée of Lindesferne) preserued the people from that present
desolation. For at length after the Picts had raged a while through the countrie, they
chanced to fall at variance amongst themselues for parting of the spoile, and buckling togither by the eares, there was an huge slaughter made amongst them. And this was the
A slaughter amongst the Picts.
cause, that contenting themselues with those countries about Berwike, ancientlie called Deira,
out of the which they expelled the Saxons, they absteined from all the residue, as not willing to deale withall. Neither were the Saxons of Northumberland, being thus scourged,
able to recouer their former forces againe, of manie yéeres after insuing.
Héere is to be noted, that whereas the Scotish writers ascribe the victorie of that battell,
Egfred slaine by Picts and not by Scots.
Eugenius the fift died
Eugenius the sixt succéedeth Eugenius the fift.
A league betwéene the Scots and Northumberland men.
Truce taken with the Picts.
Warre without anie notable incounter.
The death of Eugenius the sixt.
Woonderfull visions séene.
wherein Egfred was slaine, vnto their king Eugenius, Beda which then liued, declareth that
the Picts were those that fought with him and slue him. Finallie, Eugenius departed this
life in the 4 yéere of his reigne, and after the incarnation 688. After Eugenius the fift,
succéeded Eugenius the sixt, who was the sonne of Ferquhard, and by persuasion of bishop
Adannan (with whome he was brought vp) & of S. Cutbert, he entered into league with the
Northumberland men: but he would at no hand ioine in amitie with the Picts, notwithstanding he was contented to take truce with them. But when he saw the same oftentimes
by them violated & broken, to the great perill, damage, and hinderance of his subiects, he
caused the warre to be proclamed, and sent them his defiance by an herald. Howbeit,
through the earnest praiers (as is supposed) of the two bishops, Cutbert and Adannan
(who had laboured earnestlie to haue brought those people to a quietnesse) this warre continued without anie notable incounter, saue onelie by light incursions (wherein no great
bloudshed chanced) euen vnto the death of Eugenius, which fell in the yéere of our Lord
697, and in the tenth yeere of his owne reigne. He was buried togither with the other
Eugenius, that lastlie reigned afore him, in the Ile of Colmekill, amongst their predecessors.
Manie woonderfull visions were séene that yéere in Albion, as the Scotish chronicles make
mention. In the riuer of Humber there appéered in the sight of a great multitude of men,
a number of ships vnder saile, as though they had béene furnished foorth for the warres.
In the church at Camelon there was heard a noise, as it had béene the clattering of armor.
Milke was turned into bloud in diuers places in Pictland, and chéese conuerted into a
bloudie masse or cake. Corne, as it was gathered in the haruest time appeered bloudie.
In the furthermost parts of Scotland, it rained bloud. These sights being séene of some, &
declared to other, caused a woonderfull feare in the peoples harts, imagining some great
alteration to insue.