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Of the Lords Spirituall of Ireland, their Names and Dignities.

The Fift Chapter.

THE spirituall iurisdiction is ordered into foure prouinces, whereof the primasie was euer giuen (in reuerence of saint Patrike that conuerted the countrie) to the archbishoprike of Armagh, who is called Primas totius Hiberniœ, and the archbishop of Dublin, Primas Hiberniœ. This custome was since confirmd by Eugenius the third, 1148, or 1152: who sent withall thrée other palles of archbishops to be placed, one at Dublin, one at Cashill, & the last at Twene. To these are suffragans in right nine and twentie, and they all to the Primas of Armagh, vnder whose
Armagh. prouince are the bishops of Meeth and Deren, Ardach, Kilmore, Clogher, Doune, Coner, Clonknos, Raboo, Dromoore. Vnder Dublin, wherevnto Innocentius Dublin. the third vnited Glandelagh, the bishop of Elphine, Kildare, Fernes, Ossorie and Leighlin. Vnder Cashill, the bishop of Waterford, to whome Lismore is Cashill. vnited, Corke and Clone, Rosse, Ardigh, Limerike, Emelie, Killalooe, and Ardfert. Vnder Twene, Kilmaco, Olfine, Auaghdoune, Clonfert, Morroo. In this recount Twene. some difference hapneth by reason of personall and reall vnion of the sees, and for other alterations. I haue obserued in perusing of old bookes the names of certeine bishops and archbishops of Dublin: and albeit I could not find a iust register or catalog of them, yet I tooke it to be better to place such as I could find, than to omit the whole. ¶ Cormachus was one of the first bishops that I haue read of, but I am well assured, that there were diuerse others before his time. He flourished Lib. 10. Scot. Hist. fol. 212. sect. 40. about the yeare 893, of this bishop Hector Boetius maketh mention. ¶ Dunanus was bishop of Dublin long after Cormachus: for Dunanus died in the yeare 1074. He was buried in Christs church in Dublin, in the vpper part of the chancell on the right hand.

¶ Patricius was consecrated bishop of Dublin in Paule his church at London by 1074. the archbishop of Canturburie Lanifranus or Lanfrancus. The reason of this consecration was, for that as yet the metropolitans of Ireland receiued not their pall. A pall is an indowment appropriated to archbishops, made of white silke the breadth Pall what it is. of a stole, but it is of another fashion. And where you shall espie the armes of anie archbishop blazed, there you may perceiue the pall set out in white, with a great manie blacke crosses vpon it. An archbishop within thrée moneths after his consecration c. quoniam. c. dis. or confirmation ought to demand his pall, otherwise he may be remooued; neither ought he to name himselfe archbishop before the rcceit, neither may he c. quod sicut de elect. penul. De priuil. & exces. priuil. cap. Archie. & in glos. c. ex tuarum, & c. adboc. de auct. & vsu. pal. before summon or call a councell, make chrisme, dedicate churches, giue orders, or consecrat bishops. He may not weare his pall without the church, neither in other prouinces; albeit in another prouince he may be in his pontificalibus, so that pontificalia differeth from the pall. Furthermore, an archbishop may not lend his pall vnto another, but it ought to be interred with him. But to returne to Patricius, his time was but short, for soone after as he was crossing the seas to Dublin ward, he was drowned with his felow passengers the same yere that he was consecrated, the ninth of October.

¶ Donatus, of some called Bungus, succéeded Patricius, and likewise consecrated 1075. by Lanfrancus archbishop of Canturburie, at the instance of Terdilnacus king of Ireland, the bishops of Ireland, the clergie and the citizens of Dublin: he deceassed in the yéere one thousand ninetie and fiue. Samuell succéeded Donatus, and died 1095. in the yéere one thousand one hundred two and twentie. Gregorius did not succéed immediatlie after Samuell, for there be thirtie yéeres betweene them both. This Gregorius was the first metropolitan of Dublin, and was consecrated archbishop in the yéere one thousand one hundred fiftie and two, and died in the yéere one 1152. 1162. thousand one hundred thrée score and two.

S. Laurentius Othothille. This prelat was first abbat of S. Keuins in Glindelagh, and after he was solemnlie consecrated and installed in Christ church at Dublin by Gelacius the primat of Armagh, and not by Canturburie, as the bishops of Dublin were before the pall giuen them. He died in Normandie, and was buried in our ladie church of Angie in the yeare one thousand one hundred and foure score, the fouretéenth of Nouember.

Iohan Cummin an Englishman succéeded Laurence. This famous prelat being cloistered vp in the abbeie of Eusham in Worcestershire was highlie renowmed of all men, as well for his déepe learning, as for the integritie of his life. The clergie of Dublin being giuen to vnderstand of so woorthie a clerke, became humble petitioners to the king his maiestie Henrie the second, that through his means such an vnvaluable iewell should be installed in Laurence his dignitie. The king bowing to 1180. their earnest sute agréed he should be consecrated their archbishop; which was an happie houre for that countrie. For besides the great trauell he indured in edifieng his flocke in Christian religion, he was founder of S. Patrike his church in Dublin, as is before specified. He deceassed in the yéere one thousand two hundred and twelue, and was intoomed in the quéere of Christs church.

Henrie Londres succéeded Cummin. This man was nicknamed Scorchbill, or Scorchvillein thorough this occasion. Being setled in his sée, he gaue commandement to all his tenants to make their appeerance before him at a daie appointed: and for that he was raw as yet in his reuenues, he tooke it to stand best with their ease and quietnes, and his commoditie, that ech of them should shew their euidences, whereby he might learne, by what tenure they held of him. His tenants mistrusting no sluttish dealing, but construing all to be meant for the best, deliuered their euidences to their landlord, who did scantlie well peruse them when he floong them all in the fire. The poore tenants espieng this subtill pranke to be verie vnfitting for a bishop, could not bridle their toongs, but brake out on a sudden: Thou an archbishop? Naie, thou art a scorchvillein. But it could not be gessed to Scorchvillein. what end this fact of his tended; for notwithstanding this, the tenants inioied their lands, vnlesse he did it because they should be tenants at will, and so to stand to his deuotion. This prelat doubtlesse was politike, and well lettered, and for his wisedome and learning he was elected lord iustice of Ireland. He was the founder of the castell of Dublin, as is before mentioned. He deceassed in the yeare one thousand two hundred twentie & fiue, and lieth buried in Christs church. Wherby appéereth that Matthæus Parisiensis did ouershoot himselfe, in writing one Hu or Matth. Paris. in vita Ioan, pag. 316. Hugo to be archbishop of Dublin in the yeare one thousand two hundred and thirtéene, whereas Londres at that time was in the sée, as from his consecration to his death may be gathered, being the space of thirtéene yeares.

Iohan Stamford succéeded Londres, but not immediatlie, and was consecrated in the yeare one thousand two hundred foure score and fiue. This man, vpon the death 1285. of Stephan Fulborne archbishop of Tune, was made lord iustice of Ireland in the yeare one thousand two hundred foure score and seauen. And soone after being in 1294. England he was sent from Edward the first as ambassador to the French king, and vpon his returne he deceassed in England, & soone after was buried in saint Patrike his church at Dublin.

Willielmo Hothom is placed by some antiquaries to be archbishop of Dublin 1297. Ioan. Caius de antiqu. Cant. Academ. lib. 1. much about this time, but whether the man haue béene installed in this see at all or no, I am not able to affirme, nor to denie: but certeine it is that the date is mistaken, for vpon Iohan Stamford his death, Richard Flerings was consecrated archbishop of Dublin, betwéene whome and the lord Edmund Butler there arose Edmund Butler. 1032. Holliwood in Fingall. a great controuersie in law, touching the manner of Holliwood with the appurtenances. Which manor the lord Butler recouered by an arbitrement or composition taken betweene them in the king his bench at Dublin. This prelat departed this life in the yere one thousand thrée hundred and six.

1306. Richard de Hauerings was successor vnto Flerings, who after that he had continued welnéere the space of fiue yeares in the see, was sore appalled, by reason of an estrange and woonderfull dreame. For on a certeine night he imagined that he had séene an vglie monster standing on his breast, who to his thinking was more weightie than the whole world, in so much as being as he thought in manner squised or prest to death with the heff of this huge monster, he would haue departed with the whole substance of the world, if he were thereof possessed, to be disburdened of so heauie a load. Upon which wish he suddenlie awooke. And as he beat his braines in diuining what this dreame should import, he bethought himselfe of the Hauerings dreame. flocke committed to his charge, how that he gathered their fléeces yearelie, by receiuing the reuenues and perquisits of the bishoprike, and yet suffered his flocke to starue for lacke of preaching and teaching. Wherefore being for his former slacknesse sore wounded in conscience, he trauelled with all spéed to Rome, where he resigned vp his bishoprike, a burthen too heauie for his weake shoulders, and being vpon his resignation competentlie beneficed, he bestowed the remnant of his life wholie in deuotion.

Iohan Lech nephue to Hauerings, vpon the resignation was consecrated archbishop. 1311. This prelat was at contention with the primat of Armagh, for their iurisdictions: insomuch as he did imbarre the primat from hauing his crosse borne before him within the prouince of Leinster, which was contrarie to the canon law, that De priui. & excest. pri. c. Archiep. admitteth the crosier to beare the crosse before his archbishop in an other prouince. This man deceassed in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and thirtéene.

Alexander Bigenor was next Lech consecrated archbishop with the whole consent 1313. aswell of the chapter of Christs church as of S. Patriks. Howbeit vpon the death of Lech there arose a schisme & diuision betwéene Walter Thorneburie lord chancellour of Ireland and Bigenor then treasuror of the same countrie. The cancellor to further his election determined to haue posted to Rome, but in the waie he was drowned with the number of 156 passengers. Bigenor staieng in Ireland, with lesse aduenture and better spéed, with the consent of both the chapters was elected archbishop. And in the yeare 1317 there came buls from Rome to confirme the former election. At which time the archbishop and the earle of Vlster were in England. This prelat soone after returned lord iustice of Ireland, and 1318 soone after he had landed at Yoghill, he went to Dublin, where as well for his spilituall iurisdiction, as his temporall promotion he was receiued with procession and great solemnitie. In this man his time was there an vniuersitie founded in Dublin, 1320 whereof maister William Rodiard was chancellor, a well learned man and one that procéeded doctor of the canon law in this vniuersitie. Bigenor deceased in the yéere 1349.

1349 Iohn de saint Paule was consecrated archbishop vpon Bigenor his death. He deceased in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred sixtie and two. Thomas Minot 1363 succéeded Iohn, and died in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred seuentie & six. 1375 Robert Wikeford succéeded Thomas, and died in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and nintie. Robert Waldebie succéeded Wikeford, this prelat was first an 1390 Augustine frier, and a great preacher, and accounted a vertuous and sincere liuer. He deceassed in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred ninetie and seauen. Richard 1397 Northalis was remooued from an other sée and chosen archbishop of Dublin, who likewise deceassed the same yeare he was elected. Thomas Craulie an Englishman succéeded him the same yeare, and came into Ireland in the companie of the duke of Surreie. This archbishop was chosen lord iustice of Ireland in the yeare one thousand foure hundred and thirtéene. In whose gouernement the English did 1413 The skirmish of Kilka. skirmish with the Irish in the countie of Kildare néere Kilka, where the English vanquished the enimie, slue an hundred of the Irish. During which time the archbishop being lord iustice, went in procession with the whole clergie in Triffeldermot, or Castledermot, a towne adioining to Kilka, praieng for the prosperous successe of the subiects that went to skirmish with the enimie. This prelat was of stature tall, well featured, and of a sanguine complexion, decking his outward comelinesse with inward qualities. For he was so liberall to the rich, so charitable to the poore, so déepe a clerke, so profound a doctor, so sound a preacher, so vertuous a liuer, and so great a builder, as he was not without good cause accounted the phenix of his time. In dailie talke as he was short, so he was swéet. Hard in promising, bountifull in performing. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred and seuenteene, he sailed into England, and ended his life at Faringdon, and was buried in New college at Oxford. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred thirtie 1439 & nine, there hath béene one Richard archbishop of Dublin, and lord iustice of Ireland, before whome a parlement was holden at Dublin, in the eightéenth yéere of the reigne of king Henrie the sixt. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred 1460 and sixtie, Walter was archbishop of Dublin, & deputie to Iasper duke of Bedford, lieutenant of Ireland. I found in an ancient register the names of certeine The bishops of Kildare. bishops of Kildare, that were in that sée since the time of saint Brigid; the names of whome I thought here to insert. Lonie was bishop in saint Bridgids time, which was about the yeare of our Lord foure hundred fortie and eight; the rest doo hære 418 follow:

  1. Inor.
  2. Conlie.
  3. Donatus.
  4. Dauid.
  5. Magnus.
  6. Richard.
  7. Iohn.
  8. Simon.
  9. Nicholas.
  10. Walter.
  11. Richard.
  12. Thomas.
  13. Robert.
  14. Bonifacius.
  15. Madogge.
  16. William.
  17. Galfride.
  18. Richard.
  19. Iames.
  20. Wale.
  21. Baret.
  22. Edmund Lane, who florished in the yeare 1518.

There hath béene a worthie prelat, canon in the cathedrall church of Kildare, Maurice lake. 1319 The bridge of Kilcoollen, and Leighlin. named Maurice Iake, who among the rest of his charitable déeds, builded the bridge of Kilcoollen, and the next yeare fellowing he builded in like maner the bridge of Leighlin, to the great and dailie commoditie of all such as are occasioned to trauell in those quarters.

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