Of the Lords Spirituall of Ireland, their Names and Dignities.
The Fift Chapter.
THE spirituall iurisdiction is ordered into foure prouinces, whereof the primasie
was euer giuen (in reuerence of saint Patrike that conuerted the countrie) to the
archbishoprike of Armagh, who is called Primas totius Hiberniœ,
and the archbishop
of Dublin, Primas Hiberniœ.
This custome was since confirmd by Eugenius the
third, 1148, or 1152: who sent withall thrée other palles of archbishops to be
placed, one at Dublin, one at Cashill, & the last at Twene. To these are suffragans
in right nine and twentie, and they all to the Primas
of Armagh, vnder whose
prouince are the bishops of Meeth and Deren, Ardach, Kilmore, Clogher,
Doune, Coner, Clonknos, Raboo, Dromoore. Vnder Dublin, wherevnto Innocentius
the third vnited Glandelagh, the bishop of Elphine, Kildare, Fernes, Ossorie
and Leighlin. Vnder Cashill, the bishop of Waterford, to whome Lismore is
vnited, Corke and Clone, Rosse, Ardigh, Limerike, Emelie, Killalooe, and Ardfert.
Vnder Twene, Kilmaco, Olfine, Auaghdoune, Clonfert, Morroo. In this recount
some difference hapneth by reason of personall and reall vnion of the sees, and for
other alterations. I haue obserued in perusing of old bookes the names of certeine
bishops and archbishops of Dublin: and albeit I could not find a iust register or
catalog of them, yet I tooke it to be better to place such as I could find, than to
omit the whole. ¶ Cormachus was one of the first bishops that I haue read of, but
I am well assured, that there were diuerse others before his time. He flourished
Lib. 10. Scot.
Hist. fol. 212. sect. 40.
about the yeare 893, of this bishop Hector Boetius maketh mention. ¶ Dunanus
was bishop of Dublin long after Cormachus: for Dunanus died in the yeare 1074.
He was buried in Christs church in Dublin, in the vpper part of the chancell on the
¶ Patricius was consecrated bishop of Dublin in Paule his church at London by
the archbishop of Canturburie Lanifranus or Lanfrancus. The reason of this consecration
was, for that as yet the metropolitans of Ireland receiued not their pall. A
pall is an indowment appropriated to archbishops, made of white silke the breadth
Pall what it is.
of a stole, but it is of another fashion. And where you shall espie the armes of anie
archbishop blazed, there you may perceiue the pall set out in white, with a great
manie blacke crosses vpon it. An archbishop within thrée moneths after his consecration
c. quoniam. c. dis.
or confirmation ought to demand his pall, otherwise he may be remooued;
neither ought he to name himselfe archbishop before the rcceit, neither may he
c. quod sicut de elect. penul.
De priuil. & exces. priuil. cap.
Archie. & in glos. c. ex tuarum, & c. adboc. de auct. & vsu. pal.
before summon or call a councell, make chrisme, dedicate churches, giue orders, or
consecrat bishops. He may not weare his pall without the church, neither in other
prouinces; albeit in another prouince he may be in his pontificalibus, so that pontificalia
differeth from the pall. Furthermore, an archbishop may not lend his pall
vnto another, but it ought to be interred with him. But to returne to Patricius,
his time was but short, for soone after as he was crossing the seas to Dublin ward,
he was drowned with his felow passengers the same yere that he was consecrated,
the ninth of October.
¶ Donatus, of some called Bungus, succéeded Patricius, and likewise consecrated
by Lanfrancus archbishop of Canturburie, at the instance of Terdilnacus king of
Ireland, the bishops of Ireland, the clergie and the citizens of Dublin: he deceassed
in the yéere one thousand ninetie and fiue. Samuell succéeded Donatus, and died
in the yéere one thousand one hundred two and twentie. Gregorius did not succéed
immediatlie after Samuell, for there be thirtie yéeres betweene them both. This
Gregorius was the first metropolitan of Dublin, and was consecrated archbishop in
the yéere one thousand one hundred fiftie and two, and died in the yéere one
thousand one hundred thrée score and two.
S. Laurentius Othothille. This prelat was first abbat of S. Keuins in Glindelagh,
and after he was solemnlie consecrated and installed in Christ church at Dublin by
Gelacius the primat of Armagh, and not by Canturburie, as the bishops of Dublin
were before the pall giuen them. He died in Normandie, and was buried in our
ladie church of Angie in the yeare one thousand one hundred and foure score, the
fouretéenth of Nouember.
Iohan Cummin an Englishman succéeded Laurence. This famous prelat being
cloistered vp in the abbeie of Eusham in Worcestershire was highlie renowmed of
all men, as well for his déepe learning, as for the integritie of his life. The clergie
of Dublin being giuen to vnderstand of so woorthie a clerke, became humble petitioners
to the king his maiestie Henrie the second, that through his means such an
vnvaluable iewell should be installed in Laurence his dignitie. The king bowing to
their earnest sute agréed he should be consecrated their archbishop; which was an
happie houre for that countrie. For besides the great trauell he indured in edifieng
his flocke in Christian religion, he was founder of S. Patrike his church in Dublin,
as is before specified. He deceassed in the yéere one thousand two hundred and
twelue, and was intoomed in the quéere of Christs church.
Henrie Londres succéeded Cummin. This man was nicknamed Scorchbill, or
Scorchvillein thorough this occasion. Being setled in his sée, he gaue commandement
to all his tenants to make their appeerance before him at a daie appointed:
and for that he was raw as yet in his reuenues, he tooke it to stand best with their
ease and quietnes, and his commoditie, that ech of them should shew their euidences,
whereby he might learne, by what tenure they held of him. His tenants
mistrusting no sluttish dealing, but construing all to be meant for the best, deliuered
their euidences to their landlord, who did scantlie well peruse them when he
floong them all in the fire. The poore tenants espieng this subtill pranke to be verie
vnfitting for a bishop, could not bridle their toongs, but brake out on a sudden:
Thou an archbishop? Naie, thou art a scorchvillein. But it could not be gessed to
what end this fact of his tended; for notwithstanding this, the tenants inioied their
lands, vnlesse he did it because they should be tenants at will, and so to stand to his
deuotion. This prelat doubtlesse was politike, and well lettered, and for his wisedome
and learning he was elected lord iustice of Ireland. He was the founder of
the castell of Dublin, as is before mentioned. He deceassed in the yeare one thousand
two hundred twentie & fiue, and lieth buried in Christs church. Wherby
appéereth that Matthæus Parisiensis did ouershoot himselfe, in writing one Hu or
Matth. Paris. in vita Ioan, pag. 316.
Hugo to be archbishop of Dublin in the yeare one thousand two hundred and
thirtéene, whereas Londres at that time was in the sée, as from his consecration to
his death may be gathered, being the space of thirtéene yeares.
Iohan Stamford succéeded Londres, but not immediatlie, and was consecrated in
the yeare one thousand two hundred foure score and fiue. This man, vpon the death
of Stephan Fulborne archbishop of Tune, was made lord iustice of Ireland in the
yeare one thousand two hundred foure score and seauen. And soone after being in
England he was sent from Edward the first as ambassador to the French king, and
vpon his returne he deceassed in England, & soone after was buried in saint Patrike
his church at Dublin.
Willielmo Hothom is placed by some antiquaries to be archbishop of Dublin
Ioan. Caius de antiqu. Cant.
Academ. lib. 1.
much about this time, but whether the man haue béene installed in this see at all
or no, I am not able to affirme, nor to denie: but certeine it is that the date is
mistaken, for vpon Iohan Stamford his death, Richard Flerings was consecrated
archbishop of Dublin, betwéene whome and the lord Edmund Butler there arose
Holliwood in Fingall.
a great controuersie in law, touching the manner of Holliwood with the appurtenances.
Which manor the lord Butler recouered by an arbitrement or composition
taken betweene them in the king his bench at Dublin. This prelat departed
this life in the yere one thousand thrée hundred and six.
Richard de Hauerings was successor vnto Flerings, who after that he had continued
welnéere the space of fiue yeares in the see, was sore appalled, by reason of
an estrange and woonderfull dreame. For on a certeine night he imagined that he
had séene an vglie monster standing on his breast, who to his thinking was more
weightie than the whole world, in so much as being as he thought in manner squised
or prest to death with the heff of this huge monster, he would haue departed with
the whole substance of the world, if he were thereof possessed, to be disburdened
of so heauie a load. Upon which wish he suddenlie awooke. And as he beat his
braines in diuining what this dreame should import, he bethought himselfe of the
flocke committed to his charge, how that he gathered their fléeces yearelie, by receiuing
the reuenues and perquisits of the bishoprike, and yet suffered his flocke to
starue for lacke of preaching and teaching. Wherefore being for his former slacknesse
sore wounded in conscience, he trauelled with all spéed to Rome, where he
resigned vp his bishoprike, a burthen too heauie for his weake shoulders, and being
vpon his resignation competentlie beneficed, he bestowed the remnant of his life
wholie in deuotion.
Iohan Lech nephue to Hauerings, vpon the resignation was consecrated archbishop.
This prelat was at contention with the primat of Armagh, for their iurisdictions:
insomuch as he did imbarre the primat from hauing his crosse borne before
him within the prouince of Leinster, which was contrarie to the canon law, that
De priui. & excest. pri. c. Archiep.
admitteth the crosier to beare the crosse before his archbishop in an other
prouince. This man deceassed in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and thirtéene.
Bigenor was next Lech consecrated archbishop with the whole consent
aswell of the chapter of Christs church as of S. Patriks. Howbeit vpon the
death of Lech there arose a schisme & diuision betwéene Walter Thorneburie lord
chancellour of Ireland and Bigenor then treasuror of the same countrie. The
cancellor to further his election determined to haue posted to Rome, but in the
waie he was drowned with the number of 156 passengers. Bigenor staieng in Ireland,
with lesse aduenture and better spéed, with the consent of both the chapters
was elected archbishop. And in the yeare 1317 there came buls from Rome to
confirme the former election. At which time the archbishop and the earle of Vlster
were in England. This prelat soone after returned lord iustice of Ireland, and
soone after he had landed at Yoghill, he went to Dublin, where as well for his spilituall
iurisdiction, as his temporall promotion he was receiued with procession and
great solemnitie. In this man his time was there an vniuersitie founded in Dublin,
whereof maister William Rodiard was chancellor, a well learned man and one that
procéeded doctor of the canon law in this vniuersitie. Bigenor deceased in the
Iohn de saint Paule was consecrated archbishop vpon Bigenor his death. He
deceased in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred sixtie and two. Thomas Minot
succéeded Iohn, and died in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred seuentie & six.
Robert Wikeford succéeded Thomas, and died in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred
and nintie. Robert Waldebie succéeded Wikeford, this prelat was first an
Augustine frier, and a great preacher, and accounted a vertuous and sincere liuer.
He deceassed in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred ninetie and seauen. Richard
Northalis was remooued from an other sée and chosen archbishop of Dublin, who
likewise deceassed the same yeare he was elected. Thomas Craulie an Englishman
succéeded him the same yeare, and came into Ireland in the companie of the duke
of Surreie. This archbishop was chosen lord iustice of Ireland in the yeare one
thousand foure hundred and thirtéene. In whose gouernement the English did
The skirmish of Kilka.
skirmish with the Irish in the countie of Kildare néere Kilka, where the English
vanquished the enimie, slue an hundred of the Irish. During which time the archbishop
being lord iustice, went in procession with the whole clergie in Triffeldermot,
or Castledermot, a towne adioining to Kilka, praieng for the prosperous successe
of the subiects that went to skirmish with the enimie. This prelat was of
stature tall, well featured, and of a sanguine complexion, decking his outward
comelinesse with inward qualities. For he was so liberall to the rich, so charitable
to the poore, so déepe a clerke, so profound a doctor, so sound a preacher, so vertuous
a liuer, and so great a builder, as he was not without good cause accounted
the phenix of his time. In dailie talke as he was short, so he was swéet. Hard
in promising, bountifull in performing. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred
and seuenteene, he sailed into England, and ended his life at Faringdon, and was
buried in New college at Oxford. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred thirtie
& nine, there hath béene one Richard archbishop of Dublin, and lord iustice of
Ireland, before whome a parlement was holden at Dublin, in the eightéenth yéere
of the reigne of king Henrie the sixt. In the yeare one thousand foure hundred
and sixtie, Walter was archbishop of Dublin, & deputie to Iasper duke of Bedford,
lieutenant of Ireland. I found in an ancient register the names of certeine
The bishops of Kildare.
bishops of Kildare, that were in that sée since the time of saint Brigid; the names
of whome I thought here to insert. Lonie was bishop in saint Bridgids time, which
was about the yeare of our Lord foure hundred fortie and eight; the rest doo hære
- Edmund Lane, who florished in the yeare 1518.
There hath béene a worthie prelat, canon in the cathedrall church of Kildare,
The bridge of Kilcoollen, and Leighlin.
named Maurice Iake, who among the rest of his charitable déeds, builded the
bridge of Kilcoollen, and the next yeare fellowing he builded in like maner the
bridge of Leighlin, to the great and dailie commoditie of all such as are occasioned
to trauell in those quarters.