The Names or Surnames of the Learned Men and Authors of Ireland, and what Bookes they Wrote.
The Seuenth Chapter.
ARDERICUS, whome Marianus Scotus termeth Barbosus, because of his long
beard, a learned man, greatlie in old time renowmed in Ireland. But for as much
as in his age the countrie was not stored with such as imploied their labors in
gathering together the saiengs and dooings of sage persons, the discontinuance of
his fame is rather to be imputed to the ignorance of the time, than to the want
of his deserts. He flourished in the yeare 1053. Alen, a learned physician. Iames
Archer a student of diuinitie. Argobastus, the second bishop of Argentine, successor
to the holie prelat saint Amand, borne in Ireland, a learned and deuout
clerke: who leauing his countrie and liuing in heremit wise, in certeine solitarie
places of France, instructed the people of that realme in the feare of God, and the
knowledge of the scriptures. In his preaching he was noted to haue so singular a
grace, and so prosperous successe, that such as were by anie worldlie misaduenture
afflicted, vpon the hearing of his godlie sermons would suddenlie be comforted.
The French king Dagobertus, aduertised of his lerning and vertue, caused him to
be sent for, vsing him as his chiefe councellor in all his weightie affaires; and after
aduanced him to be bishop of Argentine: he wrote a booke of homilies. He
deceassed in the yeare 658: & was buried hard by a gibbet néere the citie, pitcht
on the top of an hill called saint Michaels hill, which was doone by his owne appointment,
in that he would follow the example of his maister Christ, who did vouchsafe
to suffer without the citie of Ierusalem, where offendors and malefactors were executed.
Barnwall. Bradie a preacher. Brendan an abbat borne in Connagh, in his
youth trained vp vnder Hercus a bishop: and being further stept in yeares, he
trauelled into England, where he became a profest moonke, vnder an abbat named
Congellus, he flourished in the yeare 560: and wrote these bookes insuing. "Confessio
christiana lib. 1. Charta cœlestis hæreditatis lib. 1. Monachorum regula
Edmund Bernerden a frier, he procéeded doctor of diunitie in Dublin, in the
yeare 1320. Brigide the virgine, borne in Leinster, she flourished in the yeare 510:
she wrote a booke of hir reuelations. Browne a ciuilian. Burnell. Butler a Waterfordian,
sometime scholer to maister Peter White; he translated Maturinus Corderius
his booke of phrases into English, in the yeare 1562. Iames Caddell, he
wrote "Diuersa epigrammata." Carberie a profound ciuilian. Celsus archbishop of
Armagh, borne in Ireland, and schooled in the vniuersitie of Oxford, he flourished
in the yeare 1128: he wrote these bookes following. "Testamentum ad ecclesias
lib. 1. Constitutiones quædam lib. 1. Ad Malachiam epistolæ complures." Cléere,
borne in Kilkennie, and procéeded maister of art in Oxford. Iohn Clin borne in
Leinster, being profest a greie frier, he bestowed his time in preaching, chieflie in
the towne of Kilkennie. This man was a good antiquarie, as appeared by a chronicle
he wrote, beginning at the natiuitie of Christ, and stretching to the yeare
1350: in which yeare he flourished. He wrote these bookes following. "Annalium
chronicon lib. 1. De regibus Anglorum lib. 1. De custodijs prouinciarum lib. 1.
De Franciscanorum cœnobijs & eorum distinctionibus lib. 1."
Henrie Cogie doctor of diuinitie, procéeded in the vniuersitie of Dublin, in the
yeare 1320. Colme, a learned and an holie monke, he flourished in the yeare 670: he
wrote a booke intituled "Pro socijs Quartadecimanis." Columbanus, borne in Vlster,
and trained in learning and knowledge as well in England as in France, for his learning
and vertue, was elected to be abbat. Hauing trauelled diuerse countries, at length
he repaired to Italie, and there in an abbeie by him founded, called Monasterium
he ended his life the twentith of Nouember. He left to his posteritie
these bookes: "In psalterium commentarios lib. 1. Collationes ad monachos librum
1. De moribus monachorum metricè lib. 1. Monasteriorum methodos lib. 1. Epistolas
ad commilitones lib. 1. Aduersus regem adulterum lib. 1." Conganus an Irish
abbat, of whom saint Barnard maketh great account, he flourished in the yeare
1150: and wrote to saint Bernard "Gesta Malachiæ archiepiscopi lib. 1. Ad Bernardum
Barnardus in vita Malachiœ in prœfat.
Clareuallensem epist plures." Connour. Walter Conton: he wrote in the
Latine toong diuerse epigrams and epitaphs. Simon Coniell a diuine. Cornelius
Hibernus, otherwise named Historicus, by reason that he was taken in his time for
an exquisit antiquarie, as may appeare by the Scotish historian Hector Boetius, by
Hector Boet. in prœsul. Scot. hist.
whom he acknowledgeth himselfe to be greatlie furthered. He flourished in the
yeare 1230: and wrote "Multarum rerum Chronicon. lib. 1." Richard Creagh
borne in Limerike, a diuine, he wrote "Epistolas complures. Responsiones ad casus
conscientiæ. De vitis sanctorum Hiberniæ. Topographiam Hiberniæ," with diuerse
Henrie Crumpe borne in Ireland, and brought vp in the vniuersitie of Oxford,
where he grew by reason of his profound knowledge in diuinitie to no small credit.
Hauing repaired to his natiue countrie, minding there to defraie the talent wherewith
God had indued him, he was suddenlie apprehended by Simon bishop of Meth,
and kept in duresse, by reson that he was suspected to be of no sound religion.
He florished in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred ninetie and two, and wrote
these bookes: "Determinationes scholast. lib. 1. Contra religiosos mendicantes
lib. 1. Responsiones ad obiecta lib. 1." Edmund Curren archdeacon of old Laghlin,
there hath béene an Irish bishop of the name. Patrike Cusacke a gentleman borne,
and a scholer of Oxford, sometime schoolemaister in Dublin, and one that with the
learning that God did impart him, gaue great light to his countrie; he imploied
his studies rather in the instructing of scholers, than in penning of books, he
florished in the yeare one thousand flue hundred three score and six, and wrote in
Latine "Diuersa epigrammata."
Dalie schooled in the vniuersitie of Paris, hauing a pretie insight in scholasticall
diuinitie, he made "Diuersas conciones." Sir Willielme Darcie knight, a wise gentleman,
he wrote a booke intituled "The decaie of Ireland." Dauid Delahide, an
exquisite and a profound clerke, sometime fellow of Merton college in Oxford,
verie well séene in the Latine and Gréeke toongs, expert in the mathematicals, a
proper antiquarie, and an exact diuine. Whereby I gather that his pen hath not
béene lazie, but is dailie bréeding of such learned bookes as shall be auailable to
his posteritie. I haue séene a proper oration of his in the praise of master Heiwood
being Christmasse lord in Merton college intituled, "De ligno & fœno," also
"Schemata rhetorica in tabulam contracta." Deurox, there are two brethren of
the name learned, the elder was sometimes schoolemaister in Weiseford.
Peter Dillon a diuine, and Iohn Dillon likewise a student in diuinitie. Doudall,
sometime primat of Armagh, a graue, a learned, and a politike prelat, verie zealouslie
affected to the reformation of his countrie, he made "Diuersas conciones."
Dormer a lawyer, borne in Rosse, scholer of Oxford, he wrote in ballat roiall, "The
decaie of Rosse." Iohannes Duns Scotus an Irishman borne, as in the forefront of
Duns Iohannes masor lib. 4. cap. 10.
this treatise I haue declared. Howbeit Iohannes Maior a Scotish chronicler would
faine prooue him to be a Scot. Leland on the other side saith he was borne in
England. So that there shall as great contention rise of him, as in old time there
rose of Homers countrie. For the Colophonians said that Homer was borne in
Cic. in orat. pro Arch. poēta.
their citie; the Chyans claimed him to be theirs, the Salaminians aduouched that
he was their countriman: but the Smirnians were so stiffelie bent in proouing him
to be borne in their territorie, as they would at no hand take no naie in the matter,
& therevpon they did consecrat a church to the name of Homer. But what countriman
soeuer this Scotus were, he was doubtlesse a subtill and profound clerke.
The onelie fault wherewith he was dusked, was a litle spice of vaineglorie, being
giuen to carpe and taunt his predecessor diuines, rather for blemishing the fame of
his aduersaries than for aduancing the truth of the controuersies. Wherevpon great
factions are growen in the schooles betwéene the Thomists and Scotists; Thomas
being the ringleader of the one sect, and Scotus the belweadder of the other. He
was fellow of Merton college in Oxford, and from thense he was sent for to Paris to
be a professor of diuinitie. Finallie, he repaired vnto Cullen, where in an abbeie of
greie friers (of which profession he was one) he ended his life. The books he wrote
are these: "Commentarij Oxonienses lib. 4. Reportationes Parisienses lib. 4. Quodlibeta
scholastica lib. 1. In Analytica posteriora lib. 2. In metaphysicam quæstiones
lib. 12. De cognitione Dei lib. 1.De perfectione statuum lib. 1. Sermones de tempore
lib. 1. Sermones de Sanctis lib. 1. Collationes Parisienses lib. 1. Lectura in
Genesim lib. 1. De rerum principio lib. 1. Commentarij in euangelia lib. 4. In
epistolas Pauli lib. plures. Quæstiones vniuersalium lib. 1. Quæstiones prædicamentorum
lib. 1. In Aristotelis physica lib. 8. In categorias Aristotelis lib. 1. Tetragrammata
quædam lib. 1. Commentariorum imperfectorum lib. 1."
Eustace a doctor of diuinitie, a verie good schooleman, he florished in the yeare
one thousand flue hundred thirtie and six. Olifer or Oliuer Eustace a student of
the ciuill and canon law, a good humanician, and a proper philosopher. Nicholas
Eustace a gentleman borne, surpassing birth by-learning, and learning by vertue.
Maurice Eustace a student of diuinitie, one that notwithstanding he were borne to
a faire liuing, yet did wholie sequester himselfe from the world.
Fagan a batchellor of art in Oxford, and a schoolemaister in Waterford. Daniell
Ferraile, a diuine and a schoolemaister. Fergutius son to Ferquhardus king of
Ireland, the first king of Scots, whome some affirme to be borne in Denmarke, the
more part suppose him to haue béene an Irish man. He florished in the yeare of
the world three thousand six hundred seuentie and eight, and before the incarnation
two hundred ninetie and two, in the fiue and twentith yeare of his reigne. He
was by misaduenture drowned néere a rocke in the north of Ireland that of him is
called to this daie Carregfergus; vpon whose mishap these verses were made:
"Icarus Icareis vt nomina fecerat vndis,
Fergusius petræ sic dedit apta suæ."
This Fergusius wrote a booke intituled, "Leges politicæ lib. 1." Finnanus
scholer to one Nennius and Segenius, taken for a deepe diuine in his age; he florished
in the yeare six hundred sixtie and one; he wrote "Pro veteri paschatis
ritu lib. 1." Field a physician. Thomas Field a master of art. Iohn Fitzgirald,
commonlie named Iohn Fitzedmund, a verie well lettered ciuilian, a wise gentleman,
and a good housholder.
Robert Fitzgirald aliàs
Robert Fitzmaurice borne in the countie of Kildare.
Dauid Fitzgirald, vsuallie called Dauid Duffe, borne in Kerie, a ciuilian, a maker
in Irish, not ignorant of musike, skilfull in physike, a good & generall craftsman
much like to Hippias, surpassing all men in the multitude of crafts, who comming
on a time to Pisa to the great triumph called Olympicum, ware nothing but such
as was of his owne making; his shooes, his pattens, his cloke, his cote, the ring
that he did weare, with a signet therin verie perfectlie wrought, were all made by
him. He plaied excellentlie on all kind of instruments, and soong therto his owne
verses, which no man could amend. In all parts of logike, rhetorike, and philosophie
he vanquished all men, and was vanquished of none.
Richard Fitzrafe, primat of Armagh, scholer in the vniuersitie of Oxford to
Baconthorpe a good philosopher, & no ignorant diuine: an enimie to friers, namelie
such as went begging from doore to doore, whereby he purchased the hatred of all
religious persons. He was by Edward the third his means made archdeacon of
Lichfield, after created primat of Armagh, being cited before pope Clement the
sixt, for reproouing the begging friers. In the heat of the said contention he deceassed
in Italie, whose bones were caried into Ireland, and buried at Dondalke,
where he was borne. He wrote these bookes insuing: "De paupertate seruatoris
lib. 7. Contra fratres mendicantes lib. 16. In extrauagantem Ioannis 23 lib. Determinationes
ad eundem lib. 1. Contra suum archidiaconum lib. 1. Propositiones
ad papam lib. 1. Contra fratrum appellationem lib. 1. Sermones ad crucem Pauli
lib. 1. Sermones coram pontifice lib. 1. De statu vniuersalis ecclesiæ lib. 1. Lectura
sententiarum lib. 4. Quæstiones earundem lib. 1. Lectura theologica lib. 1. Sermones
ad clerum lib. 1. Sermones de tempore lib. 1. Sermones de sanctis lib. 1.
Mariæ laudes Auenioni lib. 1. Illustrationes euangeliorum lib. 4. De passione dominica
lib. 1. De peccato ignorantiæ lib. 1. De Iure spirituali lib. 1. De vafricijs
Iudæorum lib. 1. Propositionum suarum lib. 1. Epistolarum ad diuersos lib. 1.
Dialogorum plurium librum vnum."
Walter Fitzsimons, archbishop of Dublin, lord iustice and lord chancellor of Ireland
at one time, a famous clerke, and exquisitelie learned both in philosophie and
diuinitie: being in companie with king Henrie the seuenth, and hearing an oration
that was made in his praise, the king demanded him, what fault he found most in
the oration? Trulie (quoth he) if it like your highnesse, no fault, sauing onelie that
the orator flattered your maiestie ouermuch. Now in good faith, our father of
Dublin (quoth the king) we minded to find the same fault our selues. Thomas
Fitzsimons, a verie proper diuine: he wrote in English a treatise of the church.
Leonard Fitzsimons, a deepe and pithie clerke, well séene in the Gréeke and Latine
toong, sometime fellow of Trinitie college in Oxford, perfect in the mathematicals,
and a painefull student in diuinitie: he hath a brother that was trained vp in learning
in Cambridge now beneficed in Trim. Michaell Fitzsimons, schoolemaster in
Dublin, a proper student, and a diligent man in his profession, he wrote "Orationem
in aduentum comitis Essexiæ Dublinium, Epitaphion in mortem Iacobi Stanihursti,
Philip Flattisburie, a worthie gentleman, and a diligent antiquarie, he wrote in
the Latine toong, at the request of the right honourable Girald Fitzgirald erle of
Kildare, "Diuersas chronicas:" he florished in the yeare one thousand fiue hundred
and seauenteene, & deceassed at his towne named Iohnstowne néere the Naas.
Thomas Fleming: there is a Fleming now liuing, of whome I heare great report to
be an absolute diuine, and a professor thereof. Foillanus a learned moonke, he
trauelled into France, where thorough the liberalitie of an holie virgine, named
Gertrude, he founded an abbeie called Monasterium Fossense, where at length he
suffered martyrdome. Fursæus peregrinus, so called, bicause he was borne in
Ireland, and did bestow his yeares as an estranger in France, where he founded an
abbeie named Cœnobium Latiniacense: he wrote certeine pamphlets, that by tract
of time are perished, he flourished in the yeare six hundred and sixtie, and was
buried in his owne monasterie.
Robert Garuie, fellow of Oriall college in Oxford, a student of both the lawes,
a man well spoken as well in the English as in the Latine. Robert Gogan a
preacher. William Hardit a doctor of diuinitie, proceeded in the vniuersitie of
Dublin, in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and twentie. Hickie, physicians,
the father and his sonne. Hugo de Ilibernia, so called, bicause his surname is not
knowne, he was a greie frier, and a great traueller, he flourished in the yeare one
thousand thrée hundred and sixtie, he wrote "Itinerarium quoddam lib. I." Oliuer
Huseie, a professor of the arts in Dowaie. Derbie Hurlie, a ciuilian, and a commendable
philosopher: he wrote "In Aristotelis physica." Robert Ioise, borne in
Kilkennie, a good humanician. Radulphus Kellie a moonke, brought vp in the
knowledge of the Latine toong in Kildare, in which he profited so well, that for his
eloquence and wisedome he was sent to Clement the sixt, as the speaker or prolocutor
of all his order, and also was appointed the generall aduocat or deputie vnder
Petrus de Casa, master generall of the order. After he was aduanced to be archbishop
of Cashill, in which honour he deceassed, hauing at vacant houres written
"In iure canonico lib. 1. Epistolarum familiarium lib. 1." Thomas Kenedie, a
Kernie, he wrote in Irish "Catechismum, Translationem bibliæ." Cagher, a
nobleman borne, in his time called Mac Murrough, he descended of that Mac
Murrough that was sometime king of Leinster, he was a surpassing diuine, and
for his learning and vertue was created bishop of Leighlin and abbat of Grage: he
flourished in the yeare one thousand fiue hundred and fiftie, and was an hundred
yeares old when he deceassed. Iames King, borne in Dublin, and scholer to M.
Patrike Cusacke, vnder whome being commendablie trained, he repaired to the
vniuersitie of Cambridge, where he deceassed before he could atteine to that ripenesse
of learning, whereto one of so pregnant a wit was like in time to aspire, he
wrote "Carmina in laudem Henrici Sidnæi, Diuersa epigrammata." Leie, a iearned
and an expert physician. Leurouse a learned diuine, sometime bishop of Kildare, and
deane of saint Patriks in Dublin. Aeneas Loghlen, or Mackleighlen, master of art,
and a preacher. Thomas Long doctor of both the lawes, he procéeded at Paris, in
the yeare one thousand fiue hundred seuentie and six in August, he is a proper
philosopher, no stranger in scholasticall diuinitie, a pretie Latinist: he wrote "De
speciebus contra mendacem monachum, In Aristotelis physica, Theses ex præcipuis
iuris vtriusque partibus selectas Carolo Borbonie cardinali consecratas."
Peter Lombard borne in Waterford, scholer to master Peter White, hauing impioied
two yeares and a halfe in the studie of philosophie at Louaine, he was chosen
when he proceéeded master of art, Primus vniuersitatis, by the vniforme consent of
the foure principals, which preferment did happen to none in such consenting wise,
in manie yeares before: he wrote "Carmen heroicum in doctoratum Nicholai Quemerfordi."
Dorbie Macchragh, a student in diuinitie. Macgrane, a schoolemaster
in Dublin, he wrote carols and sundrie ballads. Malachias borne in Vister, his
life is exactlie written by saint Barnard, in whose abbeie he died in the yeare one
thousand one hundred fortie and eight, he wrote "Constitutoram communium
lib. 1. Legum cœlibatus lib. 1. Nouarum traditionum lib. 1. Ad D. Barnardum
epist. plures." Malachias, the minorit or greie frier, a student in the vniuersitie
of Oxford, where he atteined to that knowledge in diuinitie, as he was the onelie
man in his time that was appointed to preach before the king and the nobilitie, a
sharpe reproouer of vice, a zelous imbracer of vertue, enimie to flatterie, friend to
simplicitie; he flourished in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and ten, he wrote
"De peccatis & remedijs, lib. 1. Conciones plures, lib. 1."
Mauricius Hybernus, of him Iohannes Camertes, thus writeth. "Annis ab
Iohannes Camert. in cap. 35. Sol.
his proximis excelluit, ex ea insula oriundus Mauricius, D. Francisci ordinis professus,
in dialecticis, vtraque philosophia, metaphysicis, ac sacra -theologia plurimùm
eruditus. Vix insuper dici potest, qua humanitate, quáue morum sanctimonia
præditus fuerit. Is cùm annis plurimis in Patauino gymnasio bonas artes
docuisset, cum summa omnium gratia, ob eius singularem eruditionem, ac candidissimos
mores, à Iulio secundo pontifice maximo in Tuanensem archiepiscopum creatus
est. Quò cùm relicta Italia bellis in ea sæuientibus proficisceretur, non multùm
post, magna studiorum iactura, cùm nondum quinquagesimum ætatis suæ attigisset
annum, mortem obijt. Erant plurima suæ doctrinæ in manibus monumenta,
sed ea ob immaturam eius mortem edere non licuit. Quantum fuerit inter eum,
dum viueret, & me necessitudinis vinculum, testantur sexcentæ epistolæ, quas
plenas charitatis indicijs, varijs temporibus ad me dedit. Eis (quanta veræ amicitiæ
vis) post amici obitum, relegens soleo assiduè recreari."
There did (saith Ioannes Camertes) of late yeares one Mauricius borne in Ireland
excell, a greie frier profest, verie well séene in logike, deepelie grounded in
philosophie, both morall & naturall, learned in the metaphysiks, in diuinitie péerelesse.
Scantlie maie I tell with how great courtesie & vertue he was indued. When
he had professed at Padua the liberall arts manie yeares with no small renowme; he
was created by Iulius the second, not onelie for his profound knowledge, but also
for the sinceritie of his life, archbishop of Tuen. When he was trauelling thitherward,
being departed frō Italic, by reason of the vprores that were there daily incresing,
he ended his life to the great losse of learning, before he was full fiftie
yeares old. He had sundrie works in hand, which he could not haue finished by
reason of his vntimelie death. How déere and entier friends he and I were one to
the other during his life, the letters he addressed me from time to time, to the
number of six hundred, thwackt with loue and kindnesse, doo manifestlie declare.
And by perusing of them after his death (such is the force of friendship) I am
greatlie comforted. Thus farre Camertes. This Mauricius wrote "Commentarios
super Scotum in prædicabilia, In magistrum sententiarum lib. 4." Mauricius archbishop
of Cashill, he florished in king Iohns reigne. Giraldus Cambrensis, vpon
his comming into Ireland, and debasing the countrie in the hearing of this prelat,
saieng that albeit the inhabitants were woont to brag of the number of their saints,
yet they had no martyrs: You saie verie well sir (quoth the archbishop) indéed as
rude as this countrie is or hath béene, yet the dwellers had the saints in some reuerence.
But now that the gouernement of the countrie is come to your kings hands,
we shall (I trust) shortlie be stored with martyrs.
Iohn Miagh a diuine, he wrote a treatise, "De possessione monasteriorum." Mooneie
a ciuilian and a good Latinist. Neilan, sometime fellow of Alsoules college
in Oxford, a learned physician. Patrike Nigran a diuine. Philip Norris a scholer
of Oxford and after deane of S. Patriks in Dublin, he flourished in the yeare 1446,
and wrote these workes. "Declamationes quasdam lib. 1. Lecturas scripturarum lib.
1. Sermones ad populum, lib. 1. Contra mendicitatem validam lib. 1." Nugent,
baron of Deluin, schooled in the vniuersitie of Cambridge. William Nugent a
proper gentleman, and of a singular good wit, he wrote in the English toong diuerse
David Obuge, borne in the towne of Kildare; for his learned lectures, and subtile
disputations openlie published in Oxford and Treuers in Germanie, he was
taken for the gem and lanterne of his countrie. In his time Giraldus Bononiensis,
being maister generall of the Carmelits, was at iar with William Lidlington, the
prouinciall of all the English Carmelites. Wherevpon tenne of the wisest and
learnedest Carmelits that then were resiant in England, being fullie elected to
resist their generall, Obuge was chosen to be the forman of all the said crew. Giraldus
Bononiensis vnderstanding that he being an Irishman, was so hot in the controuersie,
was egerly bent against Obuge, because he assured himselfe to haue
had fauour at his hands, by reason Obuge was borne in that countrie where the
Giraldines his kinsmen were planted, and therevpon he was banished Italic. This
storme in processe of time being appeased, the outcast Carmelite was made the
generall gardian of all his fraternitie in Ireland: which countrie by his continuall
teaching and preaching was greatlie edified. Ouer this he was so politike a councellor,
that the nobilitie and estates in causes of weight, would haue recourse to
him as to an oracle. He was in philosophie an Aristotle, in eloquence a Tullie, in
diuinitie an Augustine, in the ciuill law a Iustinian, in the canon a Panormitane,
he flourished in the yeare 1320, he deceased at Kildare, leauing these learned
workes insuing to posteritie. "Sermones ad Clerum lib. 1. Epistolæ 32 ad diuersos
lib. 1. Propositiones disputatas lib. 1. Lectiones Treuerenses lib. 1. Regulæ Iuris
lib. 1. Contra Giraldum Bononiensem."
Owen Odewhee, a preacher, and a maker in Irish. Thomas Oheirnaine, deane
of Corke, a learned diuine, he wrote in "Latine Ad Iacobum Stanihurstum epist.
plures." Thomas Oheirligh, bishop of Rosse, an exquisite diuine, brought vp in
Italie. Pander, a man zelouslie addicted to the reformation of his countrie, whereof
he wrote a politike booke in Latine, intituled "Salus populi." Patricius, who notwithstanding
he be no Irishman borne, yet I may not ouerslip him in the catalog of
Irish authors, for as much as his whole works tended to the conuersion and reformation
of that countrie: he was surnamed Succetus or Magonius, an absolute diuine,
adorning his déepe knowledge therein with sinceritie of life. Being sent into
Ireland by the appointment of Colestinus the first, accompanied with Segetius a
priest, he conuerted the Iland from idolatrie and paganisme to christianitie. He
wrote these bookes following. "De antiquitate Aualonica lib. 1. Itinerarium confessionis
lib. 1. Odorporicon Hyberniæ lib. 1. Historia Hyberniæ ex Ruano lib. 1.
De tribus habitaculis lib. 1. De futura electorum vita lib. 1. Abiectoria quædam
366. lib. 1. Ad Cereticum tyrannum epist. 1. Sermones lib. 1. Ad Aualonicos
incolas epist 1. Ad Hybernicas ecclesias epist, plures. Ad Britannos epist. plures."
He deceased, being one hundred, twentie, and two yeares old, in the yeare 458,
or as some suppose 491, and lieth buried in an ancient citie, in the north of Ireland,
named Downe, according to the old verse, which saith:
"Hi tres in Duno tumulo tumulantur in vno,
Brigida, Patricius, átque Columba pius."
Patricius Abbas a learned man, and much giuen to the edifieng of his countriemen:
he florished in the yeare 850, and deceased at Glasconburie. Some ascribe
the finding of saint Patrikes purgatorie to this abbat, not to Patrike that conuerted
the countrie; but that errour hath béene before sufficientlie reprooued. This abbat
wrote "Homilias lib. 1. Ad Hybernos epist, plures." Petrus Hybernicus, professor
of philosophie in Naples, at which time Thomas Aquinas that after became the
lanterne of scholemen, both in philosophie and diuinitie, was his scholer; being
therefore as highlie renowmed as Socrates is for being maister to Plato; or Plato is,
for hauing Aristotle to his scholer. This Petrus flourished in the yeare 1230, he
wrote "Quodlibeta theologica lib. 1." Plunket, baron of Dunsanie, scholer in Ratough,
to M. Staghens, after sent by sir Christopher Barnewall knight, his freendlie
father in law, to the vniuersitie of Oxford. Where, how well he profited in knowledge,
as such as are of his acquaintance presentlie perceiue, so hereafter when his
workes shall take the aire, that now by reason of basliful modestie, or modest bashfulnesse
are wrongfullie imprisoned, and in manner stiefled in shadowed couches,
I doubt not, but by his fame and renowme in learning, shall be answerable to his
desert and valure in writing.
Poomreil, a batchelor of diuinitie, sometime chapleine in New college in Oxford,
after returning to his countrie, he was beneficed in Drogheda, from thense flitted
to Louaine, where through continuall hearing of lectures and disputations, more
than by his priuat studie, he purchased a laudable knowledge in diuinitie. Whereby
The force of exercise.
he gaue manifest shew of the profit that riseth of exercise and conference. Vpon
this occasion, one of his acquaintance was accustomed to tell him that he had all
his diuinitie by hearesaie. He deceased at Louaine in the yere 1573. Nicholas
Quemeford, doctor of diuinitie, proceeded the thrée and twentith of October, he
wrote in English a verie pithie and learned treatise, and therewithall exquisitelie
pend, intituled; Answers to certeine questions propounded by the citizens of Waterford;
Diuerse sermons. There liued latelie of the surname a graue prelat in
Waterford, and properlie learned.
Rian, there liued two brethren of the surname, both scholers of Oxford, the
one a good ciuilian, the other verie well séene in the mathematicals. Richard archdeacon
of saint Patriks, chancellor in the vniuersitie of Dublin, procéeded doctor
of the canon law, in the yeare one thousand thrée hundred and twentie. Robert
Rochford borne in the countrie of Weiseford, a proper diuine, an exact philosopher,
and a verie good antiquarie. There is another Rochford that is a student
of philosophie. Rooth, batchelor of law, procéeded in the vniuersitie of Oxford.
There hath béene another Rooth vicar of S. Iohns in Kilkennie pretilie learned.
Iohannes de sacro bosco, borne in Holiwood, and thereof surnamed De sacro bosco;
De sacro bosco.
he wrote an excellent introduction, "De Sphæra." Sedgraue, two brethren of the
name, both students in diuinitie. Shaghens fellow of Balioll college in Oxford,
after schoolemaister in Ireland, a learned and a vertuous man. Sheiue, scholer in
Oxford and Paris; he wrote, "De Repub." Elias Sheth borne in Kilkennie, sometime
scholer of Oxford, a gentleman of a passing good wit, a plesant conceited
companion, full of mirth without gall; he wrote in English diuerse sonets. Michaell
Sheth borne in Kilkennie, master of art. Skidmor borne in Corke, and
gardian of Yoghill.
Richard Smith borne in a towne named Rackmackneie, thrée miles distant from
Weiseford, surnamed Smith; of his father, who was by occupation a smith, being
foureteene yéeres of age he stole into England, and repaired to Oxford, where in
tract of time he procéeded doctor of diuinitie, was elected doctor of the chaire,
taken in those daies for a péerelesse pearle of all the diumes in Oxford, as well in
scholasticall as in positiue diuinitie. Vpon the death of queene Marie he went to
Louaine, where he read openlie the apocalypse of saint Iohn, with little admiration
and lesse reprehension; he wrote in English against licentious fasting, or the libertie
of fasting; "The assertion of the sacrament of altar; A defense of the sacrifice
of the masse one booke; Of vnwritten verities one booke; Retractations one
booke." In the Latin toong he wrote "De cœlibatu sacerdotum lib. 1. De votis
monasticis lib. 1. De iustificatione hominis librum vnum."
Nicholas Stanihurst, he wrote in Latine "Dietam medicorum lib. 1." he died in
the yeare one thousand fiue hundred fiftie and foure. Iames Stanihurst, late recorder
of Dublin, ouer his exact knowlege in the common lawes, he was a good
orator, and a proper diuine. He wrote in English, being speaker in the parlements;
"An oration made in the beginning of a parlement holden at Dublin before
the right honorable Thomas earle of Sussex, &c: in the third and fourth yeares of
Philip and Marie; An oration made in the beginning of the parlement holden at
Dublin before the right honorable Thomas earle of Sussex, in the second yeare of
the reigne of our souereigne ladie quéene Elisabeth; An oration made in the beginning
of a parlement holden at Dublin before the right honorable sir Henrie Sidneie
knight, &c: in the eleuenth yeere of the reigne of our souereigne ladie quéene
Elisabeth." He wrote in Latine, "Pias orationes. Ad Corcaciensem decanum epistolas
plures:" he deceassed at Dublin the seuen and twentith of December, bein
one and fiftie yeares old. Vpon whose death, I, as nature and dutie bound me,
liane made this epitaph following:
"Vita breuis, mors sancta fuit (pater optime) visa,
Vita timenda malis, mors redamanda bonis.
Vrbs est orba sopho, legum rectore tribunal,
Causidicóque cliens, atque parente puer.
Plurima proferrem, sed me prohibere videtur,
Pingere vera dolor, fingere falsa pudor.
Non opus est falsis, sed quæ sunt vera loquenda,
Non mea penna notet, buccina fama sonet.
Hoc scripsisse satis, talem quandóque parentem
Est habuisse decus, sed caruisse dolor.
Filius hæc dubitans, talem vix comperit vsquam,
Vllus in orbe patrem, nullus in vrbe parem.
Mortuus ergo, pater, poteris bene viuus haberi,
Viuis enim mundo nomine, mente Deo."
Walter Stanihurst, sonne to Iames Stanihurst, he translated into English "Innocent
de contemptu mundi." There flourished before anie of these a Stanihurst,
Circa annum Dom. 1506.
that was a scholer of Oxford, brother to Gennet Stanihurst, a famous and an ancient
matrone of Dublin, she lieth buried in saint Michaels church. Sutton, one
of that name, is a verie good maker in English. Matthew Talbot schoolemaster,
a student in Cambridge. William Talbot. Iohn Talbot sonne to William, a master
of art, he wrote in Latine, "Orationem in laudem comitis Essexiæ, Diuersa epigrammata."
Edmund Tanner a profound diuine, he wrote "Lectiones in summam
D. Thomæ." Tailer batehelor of art, procéeded in the vniuersitie of Oxford, he
wrote in Latine "Epigrammata diuersa."
Thomas Hybernus borne in Palmerstowne néere the Naas, he procéeded doctor
of diuinitie in Paris, a déepe clerke and one that read much, as may easilie be
gathered by his learned workes: he flourished in the yeare 1290, and wrote with
diuerse other workes, these bookes insuing: "Flores bibliæ, Flores doctorum lib.
2. De christiana religione lib. 1. De illusionibus dæmonum lib. 1. De tentatione
diaboli lib. 1. De remedijs vitiorum lib. 1." Laurentius Toole archbishop of Dublin.
Trauerse doctor of diuinitie, he florished in the reigne of Henrie the eight.
There hath beene after him a schoolemaister in Dublin of that name. Tundalus
Magus a knight, after he became a Charterhouse moonke, much giuen to contemplation,
wherein he is reported to haue seene diuerse visions of heauen and
hell, and therevpon he wrote "Apparitionem suarum lib. 1." he florished in the
Virgilius Soliuagus a noble man borne, being stept in yeares, he trauelled into
Germanie, where being knowen for a vertuous and learned prelat, he was chosen
by Odilon duke of Bauaria, to be their rector or gardian of an ancient abbeie,
named S. Peters abbeie, placed in the citie of Salisburgh, after he was created
Episcopus Iuuaniensis, and founded in the said towne of Salisburgh a church. In
his time one Bonifacius an Englishman, being generall visitour in Bauaria, rebap
tized certeine, whome he suspected not to haue béene orderlie baptized. Virgilius
detesting the fact, hauing consulted with Sidonius archbishop of Bauaria, withstood
Bonifacius in his fond attempt. The controuersie being brought before pope
Zacharias, he decréed that Bonifacius held an error, and that Virgilius and Sidonius
published in that point sound doctrine, as who so will read Zacharias his epistle
Tomo primo conciliorum.
vnto Bonifacius shall plainelie see. Virgilius deceassed 784, and lieth buried in his
church at Salisburgh: he wrote "Ad Zachariam Rom. pont. epist. 1."
Owen Vitagh a physician, his father procéeded doctor of physike in Paris. VItanus
a lerned moonke fellow to Foillanus, with whome he trauelled into France,
and with continuall preaching edified the inhabitants of that realme; he florished
in the yeare 640. Gilbertus Vrgalius a profest Carmelite, and a student in Oxford,
he florished in the yeare 1330, he wrote in two great tomes, "Summam quarundam
legum, De rebus theologicis lib. 1." Vsher, or Vscher a student in Cambridge,
and a preacher. Wadding, a proper versifier, he wrote in Latine vpon
the burning of Paules stéeple, "Carmen heroicum, Diuersa epigrammata." Edward
Walsh, he florished in the yeare 1550, and wrote in English "The dutie of
such as fight for their countrie, The ieformation of Ireland by the word of God."
Iames Walsh, master of art, and student in diuinitie, he translated into English
"Giraldum Cambrensem," he wrote in Latine "Epigrammata diuersa."
Richard Walsh master of art and student in diuinitie. There is a learned man
of the name beneficed in S. Patrikes church in Dublin, student in Cambridge, and
now a preacher. Peter Walsh a proper youth, and one that would haue béene an
ornament to his countrie, if God had spared him life, he died of a surfet at London,
about the yeare 1571. There dwelleth in Waterford a lawyer of the surname,
who writeth a verie proper Latine verse. Welesleie deane of Kildare, there
liueth an other learned man of the name, who is archdeacon of saint Patrikes.
Peter White borne in Waterford, fellow of Oriall college in Oxford, the luckie
schoolemaster of Mounster; he bestowed his time rather in the making of scholers,
than in the penning of bookes, and to the instruction of youth, he wrote "Epitom
in copiam Erasmi, Epitom, figurarum rhetoricar. Annotationes in orat pro
Archia poeta. Annotat. in orationem pro T. A. Milone. Epigrammata diuersa," Iohn
White batchelor of diuinitie borne in Clonmell. he wrote in Latine "Diuersa pia
epigrammata." Andrew White a good humanician a pretie philosopher. Wise, of
this surname there florished sundrie learned gentlemen. There liueth one Wise in
Waterford, that maketh verie well in the English. Andrew Wise a toward youth,
and a good versifier. William an abbat, and (as it is thought) a soothsaier, he
florished in the yeare 1298, and wrote "Prophetias rerum futurarum lib. 1." Dauid
Woolfe, a diuine.
Thus far (gentle reader) haue I indeuoured to heape vp togither a catalog of such
learned Irishmen, as by diligent insearch could haue bin found. Howbeit, I am
to request thée not to measure the ample number of the learned of that countrie by
this briefe abstract: considering, that diuerse haue beene, yea and are yet liuing,
of profound knowledge that to me are vnknowae, and therefore in this register not