The recapitulation of sundrie acts, and of the comming of Iohn the kings sonne to Ireland, with his successe there.
NOW omitting the building of three castels, one at Tipporarie, the other at
Archphin. & the third at Lismore, after the comming of earle Iohn, & speaking
nothing of the euill fortune of thrée woorthie yoong men; Robert Barrie at
Lismore, Reimond Fitzhugh at Olethan, and Reimond Cantitinensis at Odrona.
Of part of the garrison of Archphin slaine in the wood there, by the prince of
Limerike on Midsummer daie, & foure knights there killed, not without manfull
defense. Of them of Limerike, and the noble man Ograine slaine at Tipporarie.
Of them of Archphin slaine againe by those of Limerike in taking of a preie. Of
Dermucius Mac Arthie prince of Desmond, with others slaine in parlée neere Corke
by them of Corke, and the garrison of Theobald brother to Walter. Of the
slaughter of them of Kencolon, with their prince inuading Meth by the men thereof,
& William Litle, and one hundred of their heads sent to Dublin. Of the finding
out of the bodies of Patrike, Brigid, & Columbe at Dundalke, & their translation
from thense by the procurement of Iohn de Curcie.
Of the heading of Hugh Lacie at Dornach, through the treason of his owne Irishmen.
Of the killing of twelue noble knights vnder Iohn de Curcie, in the returne
from Connagh. Of the traitorous and lamentable slanghter of Roger Powre, and
manie others in Osserie: and thorough that occasion, the priuie conspiracie of all
Ireland against the Englishmen, manie castels heing therewith destroied. All which
things are not vnwoorthie to be recorded, when the dominion was translated to the
kings son. But assigning these dooings to other writers, we will proceed to more
prolitable matters. How and wherefore this first enterprise of the kings son had
no good successe I thought good to declare brieflie: that this finall addition (albeit
it can not be a cure to that which is past) yet it may be a caueat for things to come.
¶ This recaptulation followeth in a more absolute forme, pag. 223. which being
deliuered out of sundrie copies, doo perfect one another.]
When all things méete and necessarie for so great a iournie or voiage were at the
king his commandement and charges made readie; then Iohn the kings yoonger
sonne a little before made lord of Ireland, was sent ouer; and in the Lent time (1)
he tooke leaue of his father, and as he trauelled towards saint Dauids to take
shipping, he passed and rode along by the sea coasts of Southwals, and so came to
(2) Penbroke. There brought and accompanied him vnto the ship a noble and a
worthie man named Reinulie Glanuile, one of the K. his most priuie councell in all
weightie matters, as also cheefe iustice of England. And on wednesdaie in the Easter
weeke, the wind being at east and blowing a good gale, he tooke ship in Milford
hauen, but for hast he left to doo his deuotion and oblation at saint Dauids, which was
but an euill halsoning: neuerthelesse on the next morrow about noonetide he arriued
in safetie vnto Waterford with all his companie, which were about thrée hundred
gentlemen, and of bowmen, footmen, horssemen, and others a great number. Then
was fulfilled the vaticine or prophesie of old Merlin: "A burning globe shall rise out
Prophesie of Merlin fulfilled.
of the east, & shall compasse about the land of Ireland, and all the foules of that
Iland shall flée round about the fire." And hauing spoken these words of the father,
he continueth his speech, and thus speaketh of his sonne: "And of this fire shall rise
a sparkle, for feare of which all the inhabiters of the land shall tremble and be afraid:
and yet he that is absent shall be more estéemed than he that is present, and bette
shall be the successe of the first than of the second."
Iohn at this his first arriuall into Ireland was of the age of 12 yeres, which was
from the first arriuall of his father thirtéene yeares, of the landing of the earle
Strangbow fouretéene yeares, and from the first entrance of Robert Fitzstephans
fiftéene yeares, and the yeare of our Lord one thousand one hundred eight ie and fiue,
Lucius then Romane bishop, Frederike the emperor, and Philip the French king.
There passed ouer with the king in the same fléet manie good clerks, among whome
(3) one was speciallie commended vnto this yoong lord by his father, for that he
was a diligent searcher of naturall histories, as also had béene before two yeares in
the same land, and there collected sundrie notes, and sufficient matter as well for his
historie, as for his topographie: and which after that he was returned home, and
attending in the court, did (as leisure serued him) digest and set in good order of
a booke, the same being his labor of thrée yéeres. A trauell to him painefull, but
to his posteritie profitable, although much misliked and enuied at by such as then
were liuing: the one liked t well, but the other dispraised it; the one reaped a
benefit and commoditie, but the other of a secret malice maligning the same, fretted
in his humor, and was grauelled in his owne follie.
(1) The first voiage of the king his sonne, being then but a child of twelue
yéeres of age: the English chronicles doo make small mention therof. But such as
doo write thereof, doo report that the king brought his sonne as farre as Glocester
on this iornie: and there dubbing and honoring him with the degree of knighthood,
sent him on his iornie.
(2) Penbroke is an old and an ancient towne, builded by a noble man named
Arnulph Montgomerie the ancestor of the Carews, whose names are Montgomeries,
The ancient house of the Carews.
& lieth in Westwales named Demetia, but now of this towne is called Penbrokeshire.
It standeth vpon a créeke of Milford hauen, about two miles from the castell Carew:
of which castell the Montgomeries builded, and there dwelling tooke the name
thereof, & were called Carews, which name that familie dooth yet reteine. In this
towne of Penbroke standeth a goodlie and a strong castell, which hath béene in
times past the seat and house of manie a noble man bearing the name of the earles
of Penbroke. In this was king Henrie the seuenth borne. It is now in great
ruine and in decaie.
(3) This man mert here is Giraldus Cambiensis the author of this booke, who (as
it appeareth by this and other his works) was learned and much giuen to studie.
He was archdeacon of saint Dauids, and descended from Girald of Windsore, and
the ladie Nesta his wife, for he was the son of Maurice, and the sonne of the foresaid
Girald and Nesta: and so this Girald of Windsore was his Proauus or great grandfather.