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Henrie the fourth.

AT Whitsuntide in the yeare 1400, which was the first yeare of the reigne of
1400 Henrie the fourth, the conestable of Dublin castell, and diuerse other at Stanford in Vlster, fought by sea with Scots, where manie Englishmen were slaine and drowned. In the second yeare of king Henrie the fourth, sir Iohn Stanleie the 1401 Sir Iohn Stanleie lord lieutenant. Sir Stephan Scroope. kings lieutenant in Ireland returned into England, leauing his vnder lieutenant there sir William Stanleie. The same yeare on Bartholomew éeuen, sir Stephan Scroope, deputie vnto the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings brother, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, arriued there to supplie the roome of Alexander bishop of Meth, that exercised the same office vnder the said lord Thomas of Lancaster, before the comming of this sir Stephan Scroope; which sir Stephan for his violence and extortion before time vsed in the same office vnder king Richard, was sore cried out vpon by the voices of the poore people, insomuch that the ladie his wife hearing of such exclamations, would in no wise continue with him there, except he would receiue a solemne oth on the bible, that wittinglie he should wrong no christian creature in that land, but dulie and trulie he should sée paiment made for all expenses: and hereof (she said) she had made a vow to Christ so determinatlie, that vnlesse it were on his part firmelie promised, she could not without perill of soule go with him. Hir husband assented and accomplished hir request effectuallie, recouered a good opinion for his vpright deling, reformed his caters & purueiors, inriched the countrie, mainteined a plentifull house, remission of great offenses, remedies for persons indangered to the prince, pardons of lands and liues he granted so charitablie and so discréetlie, that his name was neuer recited among them without manie blessings and praiers, and so chéerefullie they were readie to serue him against the Irish vpon all necessarie occasions. The lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, arriued the same yeare at Dublin, vpon saint Brices daie.

The maior of Dublin Iohn Drake, with a band of his citizens neere to Bre, slue The Irish ouershrowne by the maior of Dublin. foure thousand of the Irish outlawes (as Campion noteth out of the records of Christs church) but Marlburrow speaketh onelie of 493, and these being all men of warre. The verie same daie that this victorie was atchiued, to wit, the eleuenth day of Iulie, the church of the friers prechers of Dublin was dedicated by the archbishop of that citie. The same yeare in September, a parlement was holden at Dublin, during the which in Vrgile sir Bartholomew Verdon knight, Iames White, Stephan Gernon, and other their complices, slue the shiriffe of Louth Iohn Dowdall. In the yere 1403, in Maie, sir Walter Betterleie steward of Vlster, a right valiant 1403 knight was slaine, and to the number of thirtie other with him. The same yeare about the feast of saint Martin, the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne returned into England leauing the lord Stephan Scroope his deputie there: who also Stephan Scroope. The earle of Ormond lord iustice. 1404 The archbishop of Armagh deceased. in the beginning of Lent sailed ouer into England, and then the lords of the land chose the earle of Ormond to be lord iustice.

In the fift yere of Henrie the fourth, Iohn Colton archbishop of Armagh the seuen & twentith of Aprill departed this life, vnto whom Nicholas Stoning succéeded. The same yeare on the daie of saint Vitale the martyr, the parlement of Dublin began before the earle of Ormond then lord iustice of Ireland, where the statutes of Kilkennie and Dublin were confirmed, and likewise the charter of Ireland. In the sixt yeare of Henrie the fourth, in the moneth of Maie, thrée Scotish barks 1405 were taken, two at Green castell, and one at Alkeie, with capteine Macgolagh. The same yeare the merchants of Brodagh entered Scotland, and tooke preies and pledges. Also on the éeuen of the feast day of the seuen brethren, Oghgard was burnt by the Irish. And in Iune sir Stephan Scroope that was come againe into Ireland, returned eftsoones into England, leauing the earle of Ormond lord iustice of Ireland. About the same time they of Dublin entered Scotland at saint Ninian, The citizens of Dublin inuade Scotland. They inuade Wales. and valiantlie behaued themselues against the enimies, and after crossing the seas, directed their course into Wales, and did much hurt to the Welshmen, bringing from thense the shrine of saint Cubins, & placed it in the church of the Trinitie in Dublin. Iames Butler earle of Ormond died at Baligam, whilest he was lord The earle of Ormond deceased. iustice, vnto whom succeeded Gerald earle of Kildare.

In the seuenth yeare of king Henrie on Corpus Christi day, the citizens of Dublin with the countrie people about them, manfullie vanquished the Irish enimies, and slue diuerse of them, and tooke two ensignes or standards, bringing with them to Dublin the heads of those whom they had slaine. The same yeare the prior of Conall, in the plaine of Kildare, fought manfullie with the Irish, & vanquished two hundred that were well armed, slaieng part of them, and chasing the residue out of the field, and the prior had not with him past the number of twentie Englishmen: but God (as saith mine author) assisted those that put their trust in him. The same Hen. Marlb. yeare after Michaelmas, Stephan Scroope deputie iustice to the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne, and his lieutenant of Ireland, came againe ouer into Ireland. And in the feast of saint Hilarie was a parlement holden at Dublin, which in A parlement at Dublin. Lent after was ended at Trim. And Meiler de Birmingham slue Cathole Oconhur about the end of Februarie. In the yere 1407, a certeine false and heathenish 1407 wretch an Irishman, named Mac Adam Mac Gilmore, that had caused fortie churches to be destroied, as he that was neuer christened, and therefore called Corbi, Corbi what it signifieth. chanced to take prisoner one Patrike Sauage, and receiued for his ransome two thousand markes, though afterwards he slue him, togither with his brother Richard.

The same yeare in the feast of the exaltation of the crosse, Stephan Scroope deputie to the lord Thomas of Lancaster, with the earles of Ormond and Desmond, and the prior of Kilmainan, and diuerse other capteins and men of warre of Meth, set from Dublin, and inuaded the land of Mac Murch, where the Irish came into the field and skirmished with them, so as in the former part of the daie they put the English power to the woorse; but at length the Irish were vanquished and chased, so that Onolan with his son and diuerse others were taken prisoners. But the English capteins aduertised here, that the Burkens and Okeroll in the countie of Kilkennie, had for the space of two daies togither doone much mischief, they rode with all spéed vnto the towne of Callan, and there incountering with the aduersaries, manfullie put them to flight, slue Okeroll, and eight hundred others. There went a Okeroll slaine. tale, and beleeued of manie, that the sunne stood still for a space that daie, till the Englishmen had ridden six miles: so much was it thought that God fauoured the English part in this enterprise, if we shall beléeue it.

The same yeare the lord Stephan Scroope passed once againe ouer into England, and Iames Butler earle of Ormond was elected by the countrie lord iustice of Ireland. In the dais of this K. Henrie the fourth, the inhabitants of Corke being sore afflicted with perpetuall oppressions of their Irish neighbors, complained themselues in a generall writing directed to the lord Rutland and Corke, the kings deputie there, and to the councell of the realme then assembled at Dublin: which letter because it openeth a window to behold the state of those parties, and of the whole realme of Ireland in those daies, we haue thought good to set downe here, as it hath beene enterd by Campion, according to the copie deliuered to him by Francis Agard esquire, one of the queenes maiesties priuie councell in Ireland.

A letter from Corke out of an old record that beareth no date. "IT may please your wisedomes to haue pittie on vs the kings poore subiects within the countie of Corke, or else we are cast awaie for euer. For where there are in this countie these lords by name, beside knights, esquiers, gentlemen, and yeomen, to a great number that might dispend yearelie eight hundred pounds, sixe hundred pounds, foure hundred pounds, two hundred pounds, one hundred pounds, an hundred markes, twentie markes, twentie pounds, ten pounds, some more, some lesse, to a great numbers, besides these lords. First the lord marques Caro, his yearelie reuenues was beside Dorseie hauen and other créekes, two thousand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Barneuale of Béerhauen, his yearelie reuenue was beside Bodre hauen and other créekes, one thousand six hundred pounds sterling. The lord Wogan of the great castell, his yearelie reuenue beside his hauens I thinke rather Gréene castell. and créekes, thirtéene thousand pounds. The lord Balram of Enfort, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and creekes, one thousand thrée hundred pounds sterling. The lord Curcie of Kelbretton, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, one thousand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Mandeuile of Barenstellie, his yearelie reuenue beside havenr and creekes, one thousand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Arundell of the Strand, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, one thousand fine hundred pounds sterling. The lord Barod of the gard, his yearelie reuenues beside hauens & créekes one thousand one hundred pounds sterling. The lord Steineie of Baltmore, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, eight hundred pounds sterling. The lord Roch of Poole castell, his yearelie reuenues besides hauens and creekes, ten thousand pounds sterling. The kings maiestie hath the lands of the late yoong Barrie by forfeiture, the yearelie reuenue whereof, besides, two riuers and créekes, and all other casualties, is one thousand eight hundred pounds sterling.

"And that at the end of this parlement, your lordship, with the kings most noble councell may come to Corke, & call before you all these lords, and other Irishmen, and bind them in paine of losse of life, lands and goods, that neuer one of them doo make warre vpon an other, without licence or commandement of you my lord deputie, and the kings councell; for the vtter destruction of these parts is that onelie cause. And once all the Irishmen, and the kings enimies were driuen into a great vallie called Clane onight, betwixt two great mounteines called Maccort, or the leprous Iland: and there they liued long and manie yeares with their white meat, till at the last these English lords fell at variance amongst themselues, and then the weakest part tooke certeine Irishmen to take their part, and so vanquished their enimies. And thus fell the English lords at warre among themselues, till the Irishmen were stronger than they, and draue them awaie, and now haue the countrie whole vnder them; but that the lord Roch, the lord Barrie, and the lord Curcie onelie remaine with the least part of their ancestors possessions: and yoong Barrie is there vpon the kings portion, paieng his grace neuer a pennie rent. Wherefore we the kings poore subiects of the citie of Corke, Kinsale, and Yoghall, desire your lordship to send hither too good iustices to sée this matter ordred, and some English capteins with twentie Englishmen that may be capteins ouer vs all: and we will rise with them to redresse these enormities all at our owne costs. And if you will not come nor send, we will send ouer to our liege lord the king, and complaine on you all."

Thus far that letter.

And (as saith Campion) at this daie the citie of Corke is so incumbred with vnquiet The citie of Corke. neighbors of great power, that they are forced to gard their gates continuallie, & to kéepe them shut at seruice times, at meales, and from sun setting to sun rising, not suffering anie stranger to enter the towne with his weapon, but to leaue the same at a lodge appointed. They dare vnneth at anie time walke abroad far from the towne for their recreation, except at seasons; and then with strength of men furnished with armor and weapon for their safegard. They match in wedlocke among themselues, so that welnéere the whole citie is alied and ioined togither in consanguinitie. But now to returne vnto the dooings of the earle of Ormond that was placed lord iustice in Scroops roome. We doo find that in the yeare 1408 he 1408 A parlement at Dublin. called a parlement at Dublin, in which the statutes of Kilkennie and Dublin were eftsoones reuiued, and certeine ordinances established vnder the great seale of England against purueiors. The same yeare, the morrow after Lammas daie, The lord Thomas of Lancaster commeth ouer into Ireland. the lord Thomas of Lancaster sonne to king Henrie the fourth, lord lieutenant of Ireland, landed at Carlingford, and in the wéeke following he came vnto Dublin, and put the earle of Kildare vnder arrest, comming to him with three of his familie. He lost all his goods, being spoiled & rifled by the lord lieutenant his seruants, & himselfe kept still in prison in the castell of Dublin, till he had paid 300 marks fine.

On the daie of saint Marcell the martyr deceased the lord Stephan Scroope at Tristeldermot. The lord Scroope deceaseth. The same yeare also was the lord Thomas of Lancaster at Kilmainan wounded (I know not how) and vnneth escaped with life, and after caused summons to be giuen by proclamation, that all such as ought by their tenures to serue the king, should assemble at Rosse. And after the feast of saint Hilarie, he held a parlement at Kilkennie for a tallage to be granted. And after the thirtéenth of The lord Thomas returneth into England. March, he returned into England, leauing the prior of Kilmainan for his deputie in Ireland. This yeare also Hugh Macgilmore was slaine in Cragfergus within the church of the friers minors, which church he had before destroied, and broken downe the glasse windowes to haue the iron bars, thorough which his enimies the Sauages entred vpon him. This yeare being the tenth of Henrie the fourth, in 1409 Iames de Artois. The sword giuen to the citie of Dublin. Iune, Ianico de Artois with the Englishmen slue foure score of the Irish in Vlster. This yeare king Henrie gaue the sword to the citie of Dublin, which citie was first gouerned (as appeareth by their ancient scale called Signum prœpositurœ) by a prouost: and in the thirteenth of Henrie the third by a maior and two bailiffes, Bailiffes changed into shiriffes. which were changed into shiriffes, by charter granted by Edward the sixt, 1547.

This maioralitie, both for state and charge of office, and for bountifull hospitalitie, excéedeth anie citie in England, London excepted. In the yeare following, the 1410 one and twentith daie of Maie, a parlement began at Dublin, which lasted thrée wéekes, the prior of Kilmainan sitting as lord iustice. The same yeare, the two and twentith of Iune, the same iustice tooke the castels of Mibraclide, Oferoll, and de la Mare. Ireland this yeare was sore afflicted for want of corne. The lord iustice entred into the land of Obren with 1500 Kernes, of which number eight hundred A iournie made by the lord iustice. reuolted to the Irish, so that if the power of Dublin had not beene there, it had gon euil with the lord iustice: and yet he escaped not without losse, for Iohn Derpatrike was slaine there. In the yeare 1411, mariages were celebrated among the 1411 Mariages. nobilitie in Ireland. William Preston maried the daughter of Edward Paris, and Iohn Wogan matched with the eldest daughter of Christopher Preston; and Walter de la Hide with the second daughter of the same Christopher. In the yeare 1412, about 1412 Oconthir. the feast of Tibertius and Valerianus, which falleth on the tenth of April, Oconthir did much mischiefe in Meth, and tooke 160 Englishmen. The same yeare Odoles a knight, and Thomas Fitzmorice fought togither, and either slue other. The foure The bishop of Meth deceaseth. and twentith of Maie, Robert Mounteine bishop of Meth departed this life, to whome succéeded Edward de Audiscie sometime archdecon of Cornwall. This yeare The death of Henrie the fourth. on saint Cutberts daie king Henrie the fourth departed this life.

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