Paroemion is a figure of speech which beginneth diverse words with one and the same letter, making the sentence more readie for the tongue, and more pleasant to the eare.
An example: What can it prevaile you, to fit and weepe upon your wound, or what may it profit you to mourne upon your miserie? the one is no salve, hte other no succour.
Another: Let comfort banish care, and hope releeve heavinesse. Let wisedome keepe your thoughts from wanering.
This figure may proceed to moe repetitions in poetrie then in prose, for in poetrie there are found sometime fower or five words beginning with ye same letter, & lawful inough for light matters.
An example of Poetrie: When friendly favor flourished, I found felicitie but now no hope doth helpe my heart in heavinesse so hard.
This figure giveth a
pleasant facilitie in a Proverbe or short sentence, as, to hold with
the hare, and hunt with the hound: soone ripe, soone rotten: faire
words make fooles faine, and many other such like: which facilitie and
pleasantnesse of sound, do cause such proverbes and sentences to be
the better esteemed, and the oftner used.
The use of this figure.
1.Facilitie to the tongue.
The use hereof pertaineth to the facilitie of the tongue, and delight of the are, which taketh pleasure in repetition joyned
2.Pleasantnesse to the eare.
with varietie, as there is in this figure, where the same letter bringeth with it a new word.
The affectation of this figure is wont to fall into two faults, either into excesse of repetition, or into a jarring sound called
1.Excesse a signe of folly.
Casemphaton, into excesse, as thus, A planted place of pleasure plaine, where pleasure that me please, or thus, This mischievous money, maketh many men, marvellous mad. What folly there is in this forme of speach children may discerne.
In a harsh and jarring sound, thus: Neither honor, nor nobilitie. Another: In my drowsie and dreadfull dreame, me thought I saw a Dragen drinking blood.
An example in Latine set down by Cornificius, O tite, tute Tate tibi tanta tyranne tulifti. These examples of the faults are sufficient to the wise to avoyd the vice of like excesse in this figure.