Symploce is a forme of speech which maketh many members or clauses following to have the same beginning & the same ending which the first had going before, comprising both the last ornaments in one.
An example of Cicero: who were they that often brake their leagues? the Carthaginians? Who were they that made cruell warre in Italie? the Carthaginians, Who defaced all Italie? the Carthaginians. Who crave pardon now? the Carthaginians.
Another: Him would you pardon and acquite by your sentence, whom the Senate hath condemned, whom the people of Rome have condemned, whom all men have condemned.
By the increase of a word in the clause following, thus, Dido builded Carthage. Dido builded renowned Carthage.
By the increase of a word in diverse clauses: O cruell death, why hast thou taken away my father, my deare father, my deare and most loving father , and hid him in the darke, where I cannot find him?
The use of this figure.
1.Meete for any affection.
This figure may serve to any affection, and is a singular ornament, pleasant to the eare, which of some is called the Rhetoricall circle,
and of others the Musicall repetition. The use of
3.Called the Rhetoricall circle.
it is so much more pleasant as it is used more sparingly.
1.Too many members do not well.
Too many members of this figure do much blemish the beautie of it, and bewrayeth the affectation, for this ornament is much deformed if it be stretched with the tenters of foolish fancie, as oft it is, and likewise many others.