Hypophora is a forme of speech by which the Orator answereth to his owne demaund.
An example of the Prophet Esay: “Whom hast thou defied and blasphemed? against whom hast thou lifted up thy voice, and exalted thy proud lookes? Even against the holy one of Israel.” Esay.37.
Another of the Apostle Paul: Shall we continue in sinne, that grace may abound? God forbid.
An example of the author to herennius. Our auncestors if thy condemned any woman of one offence, they deemed her by plaine judgement to be convicted of many: by what reason? for whom they judge unchast in life, they esteemed also guilty of poysoning: why so? because it must needes be, that she which addicteth her body to unlawful lust doth feare many: who be they? her husband, her parentes, and others to whom she seeth the infamy of her dishonesty doth concerne: what then? it must needes be that by any meanes shee may, shee will indevor their destruction, whom she feareth so much: wherefore? because there is no honest means to hold her back whom the greatnesse of the offence maketh fearfull, intemprancy bold, and womans nature rash. What judged they of her which was condemned of poisoning? Also of necessity unchast of body: wherefore? because nothing might sooner move her to that wickednesse then dishonest love and intemperate lust. Forasmuch as they thought that the body of that woman could not be chast whose mind was corrpt: what did thy not observe the same in men? no: why so? because any desire doth thrust men forward to any one mischief, one desire leadeth women to all mischiefes.
Another example of the same Author: Our elders did wel provide this law, that it should not be lawfull to put to death any king whom they should take in battaile: why so? because it were against reason and equity to imploy that power which fortune hath given to us, in the punishment of those whom the same fortune had a little before placed in a most high and honorable estate: what for that he brought his army as an enemy? I do forget it: why do you so? because it is the part of a constant and valiant Captaine to esteeme them his enemies which do contend for the victory, and to judge them men which are overcome, to this end, that fortitude may diminish warre, and humanity encrease peace: but would he have done the like if he had won the field? I am perswaded he would not have been so wie: why then dost thou spare him? becuase I have alwaies used to contemne, and not to imitate such folly.
The use of this figure.
This exornation is an excellent ornament of speech, and verie
convenient to garnish eloquution, for that it reteineth ye minde of the hearer in attention, as well with the comelinesse and grace
of speech, as with the expectation of the reason and answeres ensuing.
The principall respect that ought to be had in this figure, is to
take heed that the questions be necessary, and the answers direct, and furnished with sufficient reasons: and therefore both in
2. Indirect or weake answeres.
the invention, and also in the use of this exornation, there is necessarily required both with and judgement, lest it fall into a barennesse of matter, and want of due forme.