Categoria, in Latine Accusatio, or Criminis reprehensio, is a forme of speech by which the speaker openeth and detecteth some secret wickednesse of his adversayr, and laieth it open before his face.
An example of Christ detecting Judas: “He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, he shall betray me.” Mat.26.23.
Another of Paul accusing Elymas the sorcerer, saying: “O full of all subtiltie and all mischiefe, thou childe of the divel, and enemie of all righteousnesse, wilt thou not cease to pervert the strait waies of the Lord?” Act.13.10
Another example there is, in the 52. Psalme of David, accusing Doeg of great wickednes, but chiefly of the mischiefe of his toong.
Christ accuseth the Scribes and Pharisies of hypcrisie and
The use of this figure.
The use hereof is chiefly required to accuse and reprehend hypocrisie, and intollerable impietie.
The most speciall poynt in this Caution is, that the accusation
be not false, as those are many
times which proceede from malice or envy, as the accusations of the
Jewes against Christ, and likewise against Paul. Secondly, that it be
not amplified without
cause. Thirdly, that it be not objected after a jesting or light
maner, when it requireth a serious and sharpe forme. Fourthly,
3. Not after a light maner.
that it be not applied out of due time and fit place.