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Mempsis, in Latine Querimonia, is a forme of speech by which the Orator maketh a complaint, and craveth helpe.

An example of King David: “Why standest then so farre O Lord, and hidest thy selfe in the needfull time of trouble? the ungodlie for his owne lust doth persecute the poore.” Psal.10. And after his long complaint against the wicked for their pride against God, and for their oppression of the poore, he turneth to God by petition, craving his helpe to succour the poore, and his justice to punish the oppressors, saying: Surely thou hast seene it, for thou beholdest ungodliness and wrong, that thou maist take the matter into thy hand. The poore committeth himselfe unto thee, for thou art the helper of the friendlesse, breake thou the power of the ungodlie and malicious, take away his ungodlnesse and thou shalt finde none.

Another: “For thy sake also are we killed all the day long, and are counted as sheepe appointed to be slaine, & c.” Psal.44.

The use of this figure.

To move compassion.
This forme of speech as it riseth from the griefe which is suffred for injuries, so doth it tend by complaint & praier to seeke succour and redresse, by this forme billes of complaint are exhibited to the Courts of judgement, and supplications to Princes.

The Caution.

Complaining without cause is common.
This figure or forme of speech of all others is most common, and oftenest abused, for what is more common then complaints, and what speech oftener used without just cause then complaining one of another. Therefore in using this figure regard ought to be had, that the complaint be not a false accusation, or as the proverbe is of the swine, a great crie and a little wooll, much ado about nothing, a hue and crie and no robbery.

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