Optatio is a forme of speech, by which the speaker expresseth his desire by wishing to God or Men.
An example of Cicero: I would the immortall Gods had granted that wee might rather have given thankes to Servius Sulpitius being alive, than now to examine his honours being dead.
Another of the holy Scripture: “I would to God, that my Lord were with the Prophet that is in Sameria.” 2.Reg.2.
Another of Paul: “I would to God they were separated from you.” Gal.5.
The use of this figure.
The use hereof tendeth to signify our desires by our wishing, which we cannot accomplish by our power.
In this forme of speech these observations are to be remembered, that wee wish not such thinges as are either unlawfull, or unpossible, the one although it be very usuall, yet it is not without
corruption of will, nor the other without vanity of minde.